M Arafa

Cairo University, Cairo, Muhafazat al Qahirah, Egypt

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Publications (7)15.25 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) or age-associated testosterone deficiency syndrome is defined as a clinical and biochemical syndrome associated with advancing age and characterised by symptoms and a deficiency in serum testosterone levels. This condition may result in significant detriment in the quality of life and adversely affect the function of multiple organ systems. It has been suggested that sex steroid hormones may play a causal role in the development of insulin resistance and type II diabetes. This comparative study was aimed at determining the prevalence of LOH in diabetic men with erectile dysfunction and investigating the effect of testosterone replacement therapy on erectile function and on glycaemic control.
    Andrologia 12/2011; 44 Suppl 1:756-63. · 1.55 Impact Factor
  • Wael Zohdy, Sherif Ghazi, Mohamad Arafa
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    ABSTRACT: Previous reports linked varicocele in infertile males with Leydig cell dysfunction and hypogonadism. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of varicocelectomy on serum total testosterone (TT) level and erectile function in men with infertility and clinical varicocele. This study included 141 heterosexual infertile men diagnosed to have clinical varicocele. They were divided into two groups: group 1 (103 men), who had microsurgical varicocelectomy, and group 2 (38 patients), who decided to pursue assisted reproduction procedures. All participants completed the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF)-5 questionnaire and underwent semen analysis. Serum levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin, and TT were measured both at recruitment time and 6 months later. Changes in serum TT and IIEF-5 following varicocelectomy. In group 1, the mean TT level increased significantly post-varicocelectomy (379.1 ± 205.8 to 450.1 ± 170.2 ng/dL, P < 0.0001). No similar change was found in group 2. Out of the 49 patients in group 1 with hypogonadism at baseline assessment (TT < 300 ng/dL), 37 (75.5%) exhibited a postoperative normalization of TT. However, only 3/15 hypogonadal men (20%) in group 2 had normal testosterone levels at the second visit. IIEF-5 scores improved significantly postoperatively in patients with hypogonadism (17.1 ± 2.6 to 19.7 ± 1.8, P < 0.001). Neither operating vein diameter 3.6 ± 0.57 mm nor testicular size 10.46 ± 3.3 mL correlated with the mean change in TT (71.1 ± 101.2 ng/dL) (r = 0.162, P = 0.183 and r = -0.077, P = 0.536, respectively). Varicocele is associated with hypogonadism in some infertile patients. Varicocelectomy significantly improves serum testosterone in infertile men, especially those with hypogonadism. This improvement in TT level may be reflected in the IIEF score.
    Journal of Sexual Medicine 03/2011; 8(3):885-93. · 3.51 Impact Factor
  • Mohamad Arafa, Rany Shamloul
    Journal of Sexual Medicine 09/2009; 6(12):3501-3. · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To assess the changes in semen parameters in men with spinal cord injury (SCI) and the possible causes of these changes. The study included 45 subjects with SCI. Semen retrieval was done by masturbation (2), vigorous prostatic massage (n = 13), penile vibratory stimulation (n = 13) or electroejaculation (n = 17). The semen of men with SCI showed normal volume (2.3 +/- 1.9 mL) and sperm count (85.0 X 10(6) +/- 83.8 X 10(6)/mL) with decreased motility (11.6% +/- 0.1%), vitality (18.5% +/- 5.2%) and normal forms (17.5% +/- 3.4%), and pus cells has been increased (6.0 X 10(6) +/- 8.2 X 10(6)/mL). Total (13.4 +/- 9.9 vs. 7.1 +/- 6.8) and progressive (4.4 +/- 3.9 vs.2.2 +/- 2.1) motility were significantly higher in subjects with lower scrotal temperatures. There was no statistical significant difference between electroejaculation and penile vibratory stimulation groups as regards any of the semen parameters. Subjects'age, infrequent ejaculation, injury duration and hormonal profile showed no significant effect on semen parameters. The defining characteristics of the seminogram in men with SCI are normal volume and count with decreased sperm motility, vitality and normal forms, and the increased number of pus cells. The most acceptable cause of the deterioration of semen is elevated scrotal temperature.
    Asian Journal of Andrology 10/2007; 9(5):684-9. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We attempted in this study to investigate the prevalence of Peyronie's disease (PD) among diabetic patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). Two-hundred and six diabetic patients were further evaluated in this study. Forty-two (20.3%) patients had PD. There were significant associations between PD and risk factors of age, obesity and smoking. All patients with PD had also ED. Penile curvature was present in 82.1% of all patients with PD. Of the patients with PD, 25.4% had pain with or without erection. Significant associations between PD and ED and ED duration were detected. This study confirmed the high prevalence of PD among diabetic patients with ED. Further work is needed probing the mechanisms through which diabetes affects the pathogenesis of ED and PD.
    International Journal of Impotence Research 01/2007; 19(2):213-7. · 1.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This work is aimed at evaluating the effect of repeated intracavernosal injection (ICI) self-injection on the peak systolic velocity (PSV) and the diameter of cavernosal arteries. Sixty erectile dysfunction (ED) patients who were positive responders for ICI therapy were studied. Pharmacopenile duplex ultrasonography (PPDU) was carried out before starting ICI and after 10 doses of home therapy in an open-label uncontrolled study. There was significant increase in the cavernosal artery diameter and their PSV before and after injection. Cavernosal arteries diameter before injection in both right and left sides was 0.64+/-0.13 and 0.63+/-0.12 mm at the start and became 0.81+/-0.22 and 0.79+/-0.22 mm respectively at the end with significant differences (P<0.001). Cavernosal arteries diameter after injection in both right and left sides was 1.10+/-0.18 and 1.09+/-0.19 mm at the start and became 1.34+/-0.39 and 1.27+/-0.33 mm respectively at the end with significant differences (P<0.001). PSV at the start was 33.77+/-13.26 and 32.33+/-8.09 cm/s on both right and left sides and became 44.4+/-1.19 and 46.1+/-5.86 cm/s respectively at the end with significant differences (P<0.001). It is concluded that repeated ICI improves arterial erectile response with associated increase in PSV and cavernosal artery diameters.
    International Journal of Impotence Research 01/2007; 19(5):505-8. · 1.51 Impact Factor
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    M Arafa, R Shamloul
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    ABSTRACT: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are increasingly used to treat premature ejaculation. We report a large prospective placebo-controlled crossover study of sertraline in premature ejaculation (PE) using Arabic Index of Premature Ejaculation (AIPE). One hundred and forty-seven men suffering from PE were enrolled in a randomized single-blinded crossover study of sertraline hydrochloride and placebo. Patients were randomized into group 1 (n=77) and group 2 (n=70). Both groups received sertraline and placebo interchangeably for 4 weeks. Overall, 127 (81%) of 157 subjects experienced a significant increase in their AIPE total score after sertraline treatment. Sixty-six (66%) of 100 patients available for follow-up experienced relapse of PE within 6 months after sertraline withdrawal. The active drug was generally well tolerated. Our relatively large study, using a validated questionnaire (AIPE), confirmed the useful effect of sertraline on PE.
    International Journal of Impotence Research 01/2006; 18(6):534-8. · 1.51 Impact Factor