Yong-Liang Chen

Chinese PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital), Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (13)11.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Post-pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) hemorrhage (PPH) is an uncommon but serious complication. This retrospective study analyzed the risk factors, managements and outcomes of the patients with PPH.
    Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international: HBPD INT 10/2014; 13(5):513-22. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: microRNAs (miRNAs) are short noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate gene expression. Although recent evidences have been indicated that their aberrant expression may play an important role in cancer stem cells, the mechanism of their deregulation in neoplastic transformation of liver cancer stem cells (LCSCs) has not been explored. In our study, the HCC model was established in F344 rats by DEN induction. The EpCAM(+) cells were sorted out from unfractionated fetal liver cells and liver cancer cells using the FACS analysis and miRNA expression profiles of two groups were screened through microarray platform. Gain-of-function studies were performed in vitro and in vivo to determine the role of miR-92b on proliferation and differentiation of the hepatic progenitors. In addition, luciferase reporter system and gene function analysis were used to predict miR-92b target. we found that miR-92b was highly downregulated in EpCAM(+) fetal liver cells in expression profiling studies. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated reverse correlation between miR-92b expression and differentiation degree in human HCC samples. Overexpression of miR-92b in EpCAM(+) fetal liver cells significantly increased proliferation and inhibited differentiation as well as in vitro and in vivo studies. Moreover, we verified that C/EBPß is a direct target of miR-92b and contributes to its effects on proliferation and differentiation. We conclude that aberrant expression of miR-92b can result in proliferation increase and differentiation arrest of hepatic progenitors by targeting C/EBPß.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e68004. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the surgical management of solid-pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP) and its characteristics of outcome. Fifty-eight patients with SPTP of the pancreas admitted from January 2001 to December 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 7 male and 51 female patients, with an average age of 30 years (rangeing 9 to 70 years). Most patients were symptomatic before admission; the most common symptom was abdominal pain. Of the 58 patients, 21 patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy, 30 patients underwent distal pancreatectomy, 6 patients underwent central pancreatectomy, 1 patient underwent simple tumor enucleation, and 1 patients underwent duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection. The average length of stay in hospital was 23.8 days (ranging 12 to 64 days). Thirteen patients (22.4%) developed postoperative complications, including grade A postoperative pancreatic fistula of 8 cases, gastrointestinal tract bleeding of 1 case, pleural effusion of 2 cases, wound infection and fat liquefaction of 2 cases. Two patients underwent reoperation due to gastrointestinal tract bleeding or wound infection. There was no hospital death. Forty-four patients were followed-up for 7 to 136 months with an average of 41 months. All the 44 patients were alive, while 8 patients developed dyspepsia and 4 patients developed diabetes mellitus. There were no tumor recurrences or metastasis. SPTP is found primarily in young women. Excellent prognosis would be achieved with surgical resection.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 07/2012; 50(7):615-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Hilar cholangiocarcinoma is a malignant tumor that is difficult to cure. The aim of this study was to observe the effects of flow-controlled partial portal vein arterializations (PPVA) on liver regeneration after hepatectomy in minipigs with chronic obstructive jaundice. Eight minipigs were made into chronic obstructive jaundice models. United semi-hepatectomy, which imitates extended radical surgery for treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma, was then performed. The eight minipigs were randomly divided into groups A and B (n = 4 minipigs each). PPVA was performed in Group A but not in Group B. The effects of flow-controlled PPVA on live regeneration after hepatectomy were observed for 30 days after hepatectomy. The portal vein PO(2) at the immediate time point and on postoperative day 30 was higher in Group A ((47.33 ± 2.43) and (48.50 ± 4.44) mmHg) than in Group B ((35.38 ± 4.06) and (35.55 ± 2.55) mmHg respectively, all P < 0.01). The mitotic index of liver cells on postoperative days 14 and 21 was higher in Group A (12.55% ± 2.85% and 15.25% ± 1.99% respectively) than in Group B (6.85% ± 2.10% and 11.88% ± 1.15% respectively, all P < 0.05). The regeneration rate of residual liver on postoperative days 14 and 21 was higher in Group A (24.56% ± 6.15% and 70.63% ± 9.83% respectively) than in Group B (11.96% ± 5.43% and 44.92% ± 7.42% respectively, P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 respectively). Flow-controlled PPVA can promote liver regeneration after hepatectomy and prevent liver failure in minipigs with chronic obstructive jaundice.
    Chinese medical journal 07/2012; 125(13):2302-5. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the influence of the depth of jaundice, the duration of jaundice and preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) on postoperative complications and mortality after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). A retrospective review was performed of the medical records of 1025 patients who underwent PD between June 1986 and December 2010. The patients comprised 659 men and 366 women, ranging from 4 to 81 years old with a mean age of (54 ± 12) years. The indications for PD were malignant disease in 869 patients (84.78%) and benign or borderline tumors in 156 patients (15.22%). The operative procedures performed were pylorus-preserving modification in 279 patients and conventional PD, i.e. Whipple's operation in 746 patients. Complications after PD were compared among the different groups which was classified according to the depth of obstructive jaundice, the duration of obstructive jaundice and whether undergoing preoperative biliary drain or not, and the analysis was made by variance analysis and χ(2) test respectively. The depth of jaundice did not significantly affect the incidence of complications after PD except for the hemorrhage complication (χ(2) = 11.06, P = 0.03). The duration of jaundice had no much influence on the postoperative complications and mortality. PBD could not reduce the postoperative complications and mortality, however, it would increase the incidence of postoperative incision infection (χ(2) = 9.84, P = 0.01). No significant relationship was observed between the duration of PBD and the postoperative complications and mortality. Either the depth or duration of obstructive jaundice has no relationship with the postoperative complications and mortality after PD but the postoperative hemorrhage. Patients undergoing PD can not be benefited from PBD. Consequently, PBD should not be performed routinely, but it can be used in some serious patients with severe depth of jaundice who can not received surgery at once.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 04/2012; 50(4):294-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Liver revascularization is frequently required during the enlarged radical operation for hilar cholangiocarcinoma involving the hepatic artery. Researchers have carried out a number of experiments applying partial portal vein arterialization (PVA) in clinical practice. In this study we aimed to establish a theoretical basis for clinical application of partial PVA and to investigate the effects of partial PVA on rat hilar bile duct and hepatic functions. Thirty rats were randomly and equally assigned into 3 groups: control (group A), hepatic artery ligation+bile duct recanalization (group B), and partial PVA+bile duct recanalization (group C). Proliferation and apoptosis of rat hilar bile duct epithelial cells, arteriolar counts of the peribiliary plexus (PBP) of the bile duct wall, changes in serum biochemistry, and pathologic changes in the bile duct were assessed 1 month after operation. The proliferation of hilar bile duct epithelial cells in group B was greater than in groups A and C (P<0.01). No apoptotic hilar bile duct epithelial cells were detected in any of the groups. The PBP arteriolar counts of the hilar bile duct wall were similar in groups A and C (P>0.05), but the count was lower in group B than in group A (P<0.01). No statistically significant differences in alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and albumin were found in the 3 groups. The gamma-glutamyltransferase value was higher in group B than in groups A and C (P<0.01). The hepatic tissues of groups A and C showed no significant abnormality. Chronic inflammatory changes in the hilar bile duct walls were observed only in group B. Partial PVA can restore the arterial blood supply of the hilar bile duct and significantly extenuate the injury to hilar bile duct epithelial cells resulting from hepatic artery ligation.
    Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international: HBPD INT 10/2011; 10(5):533-8. · 1.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize the clinical experience with diagnosis and treatment of intrahepatic biliary cystadenoma (IBCA). We retrospectively analyzed the data of 10 consecutive IBCA cases treated in our department in light of the characteristics of the epidemiology, radiology, lab tests, pathology and prognostic. The patients are all female with an average age of 48.9 (16-73) years. The number of asymptomatic, slightly symptomatic and severe symptomatic patients was 4, 4 and 2, respectively. Radiological examination showed segmented cystic lesions in all the cases with an average diameter is 13.3∓4.9 cm. The incidence of segmentation, papillary or nodular hyperplasia, and calcification within the lesions was 90%, 60% and 20%, respectively. Macroscopic examination of the specimen showed compartmentation in the lesions, and microscopically, the lesions all showed lining of cubic or columnar epithelium on the inner wall with ovary-like or fibrous stroma. Complete resection of the tumor was achieved in 8 cases and partial resection was performed in 2 cases. The patients were followed up for a mean of 55.3 (12-164) months, and none of the patients with complete tumor resection showed recurrence, while both of the two patients with partial resection had postoperative recurrence. IBCA is a rare cystic lesion occurring primarily in middle-aged women. The preoperative diagnosis of this disease relies primarily on radiological evidences, and a complete resection of IBCA may prolong the patient survival.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 10/2011; 31(10):1733-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The resection and reconstruction of the hepatic artery is often required in radical surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. In this study, we report our experience in performing arterioportal shunting as an alternative for the arterial reconstruction. Four patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma underwent extended left hepatectomy and caudate lobectomy combined with en bloc resection of the hepatic artery and arterioportal shunting with restriction of the arterial caliber. The efficacy of arterioportal shunting was assessed by computed tomography angiography (CTA). All the four patients recovered uneventfully without any complications. CTA showed a patent shunt and normal liver regeneration. No signs of portal hypertension were found at one year of follow-up. Arterioportal shunting with restriction of the arterial caliber appears to be a feasible and safe alternative for the microvascular reconstruction after hepatic artery resection in radical surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
    Chinese medical journal 11/2010; 123(22):3217-9. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the determinants of long-term survival for ampulla of Vater carcinoma treated by pancreaticoduodenectomy. A total of 77 patients with ampulla of Vater carcinoma undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy were reviewed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival rate. Independent t test was used for statistical comparison and COX regression model for multivariate analysis. No patient died as a result of surgery. The overall 5-year survival was 40.7%. Univariate analysis showed that perioperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level (P = 0.012), tumor invasion depth (P = 0.000), UICC stage (P = 0.000) and tumor size (P = 0.001) were significant prognostic factors of ampulla of Vater carcinoma; in multivariate analysis, only the tumor size (P = 0.000) was an independent prognostic factor of ampulla of Vater carcinoma. Pancreaticoduodenectomy is associated with significant survival. Tumor size is the most important influencing factor of outcome after pancreaticoduodenectomy; in addition, perioperative serum CEA level, tumor invasion depth and UICC stage may also influence the survival rate, there exists a need for further follow-up studies.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 12/2009; 89(48):3409-12.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the influence of portal vein hemo-dynamic changes after portal venous arterialization (PVA) on peribiliary vascular plexus (PVP) morphological structure and hepatic pathology, and to establish a theoretical basis for the clinical application of PVA. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control and PVA groups. After PVA, hemodynamic changes of the portal vein and morphological structure of hepatohilar PVP were observed using Doppler ultrasound, liver function tests, ink perfusion transparency management and three-dimensional reconstruction of computer microvisualization, and pathological examination was performed on tissue from the bile duct wall and the liver. After PVA, the cross-sectional area and blood flow of the portal vein were increased, and the increase became more significant over time, in a certain range. If the measure to limit the flow in PVA was not adopted, the high blood flow would lead to dilatation of intrahepatic portal vein and its branches, increase in collagen and fiber degeneration in tunica intima. Except glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT), other liver function tests were normal. Blood with a certain flow and oxygen content is important for filling the PVP and meeting the oxygen requirement of the bile duct wall. After PVA, It is the anatomic basis to maintain normal morphology of hepatohilar bile duct wall that the blood with high oxygen content and high flow in arterialized portal vein may fill PVP by collateral vessel reflux. A adequate measure to limit blood flow is necessary in PVA.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2008; 14(43):6681-8. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A fatal complication after liver transplantation is anastomotic embolization of the hepatic artery. In order to solve this problem, the portal venous arterialization (PVA) is used to reconstruct the hepatic arterial blood flow. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of PVA on rats with acute occlusion of hepatic artery. Rat PVA models were established and then randomly divided into Group 1 (control group), Group 2 (jaundice group), Group 3 (bile duct recanalization group), and Group 4 (portal vein arterilization group). Recanalization of the common bile duct and PVA were performed 5 days after bile duct ligation in the rats. The influence of the PVA on general conditions, hepatic changes of structure and function, portal vein pressure and hepatic micrangium were observed for one month. Five days after common bile duct ligation the serum bilirubin, transaminase and alkaline phosphatase levels were significantly increased. Compared with group 1, there was a statistically significant difference (P < 0.01). These rats then underwent bile duct recanalization and PVA. After a month, the liver functions and microscopic structures completely returned to normal and, compared with group 1, there was no statistically significant difference in portal vein pressure (P > 0.05). Vascular casting samples showed that hepatic sinusoids were slightly thicker and more filled than normal ones and although they had some deformations, the hepatic sinusoids were still distributed around the central vein in radial form. Within a month after operation, bile duct recanalization and PVA do not show obvious adverse effects on liver hemodynamics and hepatic micrangium, and the liver function and microscopic structure can return to normal.
    Chinese medical journal 07/2008; 121(14):1302-6. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical characteristics of primary gallbladder carcinoma. The data of clinical manifestations, image characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of 110 patients with primary gallbladder carcinoma were analyzed. The rate of diagnosis as early primary gallbladder carcinoma was only 8.2% (9/110) in this series. The majority of the patients were females (63/110) with an age ranging from 31 to 80 years. Clinical manifestations were not specific, and diagnosis was made mainly on image examination. Radical resection was performed for 57 patients, palliative resection for 41, the rest 12 patients failed to receive operation on reasons of distant metastasis, age or other reasons. Only 88 patients were followed with a mean survival time of 196 days ranging from 15 days to 5 years and 11 months. The primary gallbladder carcinoma is quite difficult to diagnose at the early stage, and its prognosis is usually poor. The diagnosis is made mainly depending on the medical history and image examinations.
    Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology] 10/2007; 29(9):704-6.