[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Here we report the identification of the LIN complex (LINC), a human multiprotein complex that is required for transcriptional activation of G2/M genes. LINC is related to the recently identified dREAM and DRM complexes of Drosophila and C. elegans that contain homologs of the mammalian retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein. The LINC core complex consists of at least five subunits including the chromatin-associated LIN-9 and RbAp48 proteins. LINC dynamically associates with pocket proteins, E2F and B-MYB during the cell cycle. In quiescent cells, LINC binds to p130 and E2F4. During cell cycle entry, E2F4 and p130 dissociate and LINC switches to B-MYB and p107. Chromatin Immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrate that LINC associates with a large number of E2F-regulated promoters in quiescent cells. However, RNAi experiments reveal that LINC is not required for repression. In S-phase, LINC selectively binds to the promoters of G2/M genes whose products are required for mitosis and plays an important role in their cell cycle dependent activation.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Genetic studies in Caenorhabditis elegans identified lin-9 to function together with the retinoblastoma homologue lin-35 in vulva differentiation. We have now identified a human homologue of Lin-9 (hLin-9) and provide evidence about its function in the mammalian pRB pathway. hLin-9 binds to pRB and cooperates with pRB in flat cell formation in Saos-2 cells. In addition, hLin-9 synergized with pRB and Cbfal to transactivate an osteoblast-specific reporter gene. In contrast, hLin-9 was not involved in pRB-mediated inhibition of cell cycle progression or repression of E2F-dependent transactivation. Consistent with these data, hLin-9 was able to associate with partially penetrant pRB mutants that do not bind to E2F, but retain the ability to activate transcription and to promote differentiation. hLin-9 can also inhibit oncogenic transformation, dependent on the presence of a functional pRB protein. RNAi-mediated knockdown of Lin-9 can substitute for the loss of pRB in transformation of human primary fibroblasts. These data suggest that hLin-9 has tumor-suppressing activities and that the ability of hLin-9 to inhibit transformation is mediated through its association with pRB.
The EMBO Journal 11/2004; 23(23):4627-38. · 9.82 Impact Factor