[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The CB2 receptor has emerged as a potential target for the treatment of pruritus as well as pain without CB1-mediated side effects. We previously identified 2-pyridone derivatives 1 and 2 as potent CB2 agonists; however, this series of compounds was found to have unacceptable pharmacokinetic profiles with no significant effect in vivo. To improve these profiles, we performed further structural optimization of 1 and 2, which led to the discovery of bicyclic 2-pyridone 18e with improved CB2 affinity and selectivity over CB1. In a mouse pruritus model, 18e inhibited compound 48/80 induced scratching behavior at a dose of 100mg/kg. In addition, the docking model of 18e with an active-state CB2 homology model indicated the structural basis of its high affinity and selectivity over CB1.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Selective CB2 agonists have the potential for treating pain without central CB1-mediated adverse effects. Screening efforts identified 1,2-dihydro-3-isoquinolone 1; however, this compound has the drawbacks of being difficult to synthesize with two asymmetric carbons on an isoquinolone scaffold and of having a highly lipophilic physicochemical property. To address these two major problems, we designed the 2-pyridone-based lead 15a, which showed moderate affinity for CB2. Optimization of 15a led to identification of 39f with high affinity for CB2 and selectivity over CB1. Prediction of the binding mode of 39f in complex with an active-state CB2 homology model provided structural insights into its high affinity for CB2.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 2-Arylimino-5,6-dihydro-4H-1,3-thiazines have been identified as a novel class of cannabinoid agonists. A lead structure with moderate activity was discovered through a high throughput screening assay. Structure-activity relationships led to the discovery of potent agonists of CB(2) receptor. The most potent compound 13 displays K(i) values of >5000 and 9 nM to CB(1) and CB(2) receptors, respectively.