ABSTRACT: We detect single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in genomic DNA that has been amplified using a standard PCR protocol where a short fluorescently tagged probe sequence and a single denaturation and annealing step have been added. We utilize the ability of ionically treated gold nanoparticles to selectively adsorb unhybridized probes in the modified PCR product and quench their fluorescence. The method eliminates the time and expense of gel electrophoresis while retaining the ability to use an ordinary thermal cycler for PCR amplification. We describe an application to genotyping Fatty Zucker rats and validate the method against fluorogenic realtime PCR with double blind studies.
Advances in Sensors and Interface, 2007. IWASI 2007. 2nd International Workshop on; 07/2007