F F Hennig

Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (57)114.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate the factors associated with cartilage proteoglycan content in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)Methods: 32 RA patients received high-field 3 Tesla Gadolinium-Enhanced MRI of Cartilage (dGEMRIC) for determining cartilage proteoglycan content. Measurements were performed in three individual cartilage regions (medial, central, lateral) of the metacarpophalangeal joints 2 and 3. dGEMRIC values were then related to disease duration, disease activity, anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) status, rheumatoid factor status and C-reactive protein level.Results: dGEMRIC values were not significantly different between the MCP2 and MCP3 joint. Inter-class correlations were high (>0.92) for all three (medial, central and lateral) cartilage compartments. dGEMRIC values were significantly lower in RA patients with longer disease duration (≥3years) and those with ACPA positivity than those with a short disease duration (<3 years)(p=0.034) or negative ACPA (p=0.0002), respectively. In contrast, no association between cartilage proteoglycan content and disease activity, C-reactive protein level and rheumatoid factor status was found.Conclusion: Decreased cartilage proteoglycan content in RA patients is associated with disease duration and ACPA positivity but not with the actual disease activity, CRP level or rheumatoid factor status. These data suggest that the cumulative burden of inflammation as well as ACPA are the determinants for cartilage damage in RA. © 2014 American College of Rheumatology.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology. 08/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate, using T2-mapping, the impact of functional instability in the ankle joint on the development of early cartilage damage. Ethical approval for this study was provided. Thirty-six volunteers from the university sports program were divided into three groups according to their ankle status: functional ankle instability (FAI, initial ankle sprain with residual instability); ankle sprain Copers (initial sprain, without residual instability); and controls (without a history of ankle injuries). Quantitative T2-mapping MRI was performed at the beginning ('early-unloading') and at the end ('late-unloading') of the MR-examination, with a mean time span of 27min. Zonal region-of-interest T2-mapping was performed on the talar and tibal cartilage in the deep and superficial layers. The inter-group comparisons of T2-values were analyzed using paired and unpaired t-tests. Statistical analysis-of-variance was performed. T2-values showed significant to highly significant differences in 11 of 12 regions throughout the groups. In early-unloading, the FAI-group showed a significant increase in quantitative T2-values in the medial, talar regions (p=0.008,p=0.027), whereas the Coper-group showed this enhancement in the central-lateral regions (p=0.05). Especially the comparison of early-loading to late-unloading values revealed significantly decreasing T2-values over time laterally and significantly increasing T2-values medially in the FAI-group, which were not present in the Coper- or control-group. Functional instability causes unbalanced loading in the ankle joint, resulting in cartilage alterations as assessed by quantitative T2-mapping. This approach can visualize and localize early cartilage abnormalities, possibly enabling specific treatment options to prevent osteoarthritis in young athletes.
    Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 05/2014; · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective The aim of this study was to investigate, using T2-mapping, the impact of functional instability in the ankle joint on the development of early cartilage damage. Methods Ethical approval for this study was provided. Thirty-six volunteers from the university sports program were divided into three groups according to their ankle status: functional ankle instability (FAI, initial ankle sprain with residual instability); ankle sprain Copers (initial sprain, without residual instability); and controls (without a history of ankle injuries). Quantitative T2-mapping MRI was performed at the beginning (’early-unloading’) and at the end (’late-unloading’) of the MR-examination, with a mean time span of 27min. Zonal region-of-interest T2-mapping was performed on the talar and tibal cartilage in the deep and superficial layers. The inter-group comparisons of T2-values were analyzed using paired and unpaired t-tests. Statistical analysis-of-variance was performed. Results T2-values showed significant to highly significant differences in 11 of 12 regions throughout the groups. In early-unloading, the FAI-group showed a significant increase in quantitative T2-values in the medial, talar regions (p=0.008,p=0.027), whereas the Coper-group showed this enhancement in the central-lateral regions (p=0.05). Especially the comparison of early-loading to late-unloading values revealed significantly decreasing T2-values over time laterally and significantly increasing T2-values medially in the FAI-group, which were not present in the Coper- or control-group. Conclusion Functional instability causes unbalanced loading in the ankle joint, resulting in cartilage alterations as assessed by quantitative T2-mapping. This approach can visualize and localize early cartilage abnormalities, possibly enabling specific treatment options to prevent osteoarthritis in young athletes.
    Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 01/2014; · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Operative treatment of sternal fractures has become a matter of increasing interest. Anterior plating seems to be the most appropriate method for fixing sternal fractures. However, there are several concerns in relation to the operative procedure such as severe injuries to mediastinal organs, patient comfort and proper stabilisation, for example. This paper describes a safe method of anterior sternal plating using locked plate fixation with limited depth drilling. Ten patients with sternal fractures were included in this cohort study and were treated by anterior plating using one or two plates in parallel through a median approach to the sternum. Follow up was performed after six weeks, 12 weeks and six months. Follow up revealed no serious complications. One patient suffered from postoperative wound seroma. No problems were caused by the plates. Sternal plating using low profile locked titanium plates seems to be a safe and stable method with a high level of patient comfort.
    International Orthopaedics 10/2013; · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To identify factors that are responsible for the phenotypic differences between transient chondrocytes within human osteophytes prone to endochondral ossification and permanent chondrocytes within articular cartilage persisting for decades. Methods: Differential gene expression of chondrocytes from human osteophytes or from articular cartilage was detected by cDNA microarray analysis. The expression of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), one of the most impressively differentially expressed genes, was validated by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction as well as immunohistochemistry. The mode of action of PEDF was explored by cell viability assays and by detecting target genes. Results: PEDF mRNA expression was upregulated by 118.5-fold (P = 0.01) in human osteophytic cartilage compared with articular cartilage, which was reflected by strong immunostaining for PEDF in the cartilaginous layer of osteophytes but largely negative staining in articular cartilage. Elevated levels of PEDF in osteophytes were associated with enhanced apoptosis. PEDF increased the expression of the proapoptotic factor FasL and induced cell death in cell culture. Osteochondral progenitor cells were more responsive to PEDF than differentiated articular chondrocytes. Conclusions: The induction of the proapoptotic factor PEDF within the osteophyte cartilage suggests a molecular concept for the transient chondrocyte phenotype that arises from progenitor cells and is prone to terminal differentiation and cell death.
    Cartilage 07/2013; 4(3):249-255.
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the molecular differences between the transient and permanent chondrocyte phenotype in osteophytic and articular cartilage. Total RNA was isolated from the cartilaginous layer of osteophytes and from intact articular cartilage from knee joints of 15 adult human donors and subjected to cDNA microarray analysis. The differential expression of relevant genes between these two cartilaginous tissues was additionally validated by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and by immunohistochemistry. Among 47,000 screened transcripts, 600 transcripts were differentially expressed between osteophytic and articular chondrocytes. Osteophytic chondrocytes were characterized by increased expression of genes involved in the endochondral ossification process [bone gamma-carboxyglutamate protein/osteocalcin (BGLAP), bone morphogenetic protein-8B (BMP8B), collagen type I, alpha 2 (COL1A2), sclerostin (SOST), growth arrest and DNA damage-induced gene 45ß (GADD45ß), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2)], and genes encoding tissue remodeling enzymes [matrix metallopeptidase (MMP)9, 13, hyaluronan synthase 1 (HAS1)]. Articular chondrocytes expressed increased transcript levels of antagonists and inhibitors of the BMP- and Wnt-signaling pathways [Gremlin-1 (GREM1), frizzled-related protein (FRZB), WNT1 inducible signaling pathway protein-3 (WISP3)], as well as factors that inhibit terminal chondrocyte differentiation and endochondral bone formation [parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH), sex-determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9), stanniocalcin-2 (STC2), S100 calcium binding protein A1 (S100A1), S100 calcium binding protein B (S100B)]. Immunohistochemistry of tissue sections for GREM1 and BGLAP, the two most prominent differentially expressed genes, confirmed selective detection of GREM1 in articular chondrocytes and that of BGLAP in osteophytic chondrocytes and bone. Osteophytic and articular chondrocytes significantly differ in their gene expression pattern. In articular cartilage, a prominent expression of antagonists inhibiting the BMP- and Wnt-pathway may serve to lock and stabilize the permanent chondrocyte phenotype and thus prevent their terminal differentiation. In contrast, osteophytic chondrocytes express genes with roles in the endochondral ossification process, which may account for their transient phenotype.
    Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 12/2011; 20(2):162-71. · 4.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the effect of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) on the formation of cartilage repair tissue in combination with stimulation by osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1). In miniature pigs, articular cartilage lesions in the femoral trochlea were treated by the microfracture technique and either received no further treatment (MFX), or were treated by additional application of recombinant osteogenic protein-1 (MFX+OP-1), recombinant TSP-1 (MFX+TSP-1), or a combination of both proteins (MFX+TSP-1+OP-1). Six and 26 weeks after surgery, the repair tissue and the degree of endochondral ossification were assessed by histochemical and immunohistochemical methods detecting collagen types I, II, X, TSP-1, and CD31. Microfracture treatment merely induced the formation of inferior fibrocartilaginous repair tissue. OP-1 stimulated chondrogenesis, but also induced chondrocyte hypertrophy, characterized by synthesis of collagen type X, and excessive bone formation. Application of TSP-1 inhibited inadvertant endochondral ossification, but failed to induce chondrogenesis. In contrast, the simultaneous application of both TSP-1 and OP-1 induced and maintained a permanent, nonhypertrophic chondrocyte-like phenotype within cartilage repair tissue. The data of this study demonstrate that OP-1 and TSP-1 complement each other in a functional manner. While OP-1 induces chondrogenesis of the ingrowing cells, TSP-1 prevents their further hypertrophic differentiation and prevents excessive endochondral ossification within the lesions.
    Tissue Engineering Part A 06/2011; 17(15-16):2101-12. · 4.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of chondromodulin 1 on the phenotype of osteochondral progenitor cells in cartilage repair tissue. Self-complementary adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors carrying chondromodulin 1 complementary DNA (AAV-Chm-1) were applied to cartilage lesions in the knee joints of miniature pigs that were treated by the microfracture technique. Alternatively, isolated porcine osteochondral progenitor cells were infected with AAV-Chm-1 or with AAV-GFP control vectors ex vivo prior to being transplanted into cartilage lesions in which the subchondral bone plate was left intact. The quality of the repair tissue and the degree of endochondral ossification were assessed by histochemical and immunohistochemical methods. The effects of chondromodulin 1 overexpression were also analyzed by angiogenesis assays and quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. AAV-Chm-1-infected cells efficiently produced chondromodulin 1, which had strong antiangiogenic effects, as verified by the inhibition of tube formation of endothelial cells. Gene expression analyses in vitro revealed the cell cycle inhibitor p21WAF1/Cip1 as one target up-regulated by AAV-Chm-1. Direct application of AAV-Chm-1 vectors into microfractured porcine cartilage lesions stimulated chondrogenic differentiation of ingrowing progenitor cells, but significantly inhibited terminal chondrocyte hypertrophy, the invasion of vessel structures, and excessive endochondral ossification, which were otherwise observed in untreated lesions. Indirect gene transfer, with infection of porcine osteochondral progenitor cells by AAV-Chm-1 ex vivo, also supported chondrogenic differentiation of these transplanted cells. AAV-Chm-1-infected cells maintained a chondrocyte-like phenotype and formed a hyaline-like matrix that was superior to that formed by uninfected or AAV-GFP-infected cells. Our findings indicate that the antiangiogenic factor chondromodulin 1 stabilizes the chondrocyte phenotype by supporting chondrogenesis but inhibiting chondrocyte hypertrophy and endochondral ossification.
    Arthritis & Rheumatology 03/2011; 63(9):2721-31. · 7.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF1α/HIF2α) are key transcription factors that promote angiogenesis. The overexpression of degradation-resistant HIF mutants is considered a promising pro-angiogenic therapeutic tool. We compared the transcriptional activity of HIF1α/HIF2α mutants that obtained their resistance to oxygen-dependent degradation either by deletion of their entire oxygen-dependent degradation (ODD) domain or by replacement of prolyl residues that are crucial for oxygen-dependent degradation. Although all HIF mutants translocated into the nucleus, HIF1α and HIF2α mutants inclosing the point mutations were significantly more effective in trans-activating the target gene VEGF and in inducing tube formation of endothelial cells than mutants lacking the complete ODD domain.
    Transcription. 01/2011; 2(6):269-75.
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    ABSTRACT: Recent data have suggested a relation among long-term endurance sport practice, left atrial remodeling, and atrial fibrillation. We investigated the influence of an increased vagal tone, represented by the early repolarization (ER) pattern, on diastolic function and left atrial size in professional soccer players. Fifty-four consecutive athletes underwent electrocardiography, echocardiography, and exercise testing as part of their preparticipation screening. Athletes were divided into 2 groups according to presence or absence of an ER pattern, defined as a ST-segment elevation at the J-point (STE) > or =0.1 mm in 2 leads. For linear comparisons average STE was calculated. Mean age was 24 +/- 4 years. Twenty-five athletes (46%) showed an ER pattern. Athletes with an ER pattern had a significant lower heart rate (54 +/- 9 vs 62 +/- 11 beats/min, p = 0.024), an increased E/e' ratio (6.1 +/- 1.2 vs 5.1 +/- 1.0, p = 0.002), and larger volumes of the left atrium (25.6 +/- 7.3 vs 21.8 +/- 5.0 ml/m(2), p = 0.031) compared to athletes without an ER pattern. There were no significant differences concerning maximum workload, left ventricular dimensions, and systolic function. Univariate regression analysis revealed significant correlations among age, STE, and left atrial volume. In a stepwise multivariate regression analysis age, STE and e' contributed independently to left atrial size (r = 0.659, p <0.001). In conclusion, athletes with an ER pattern had an increased E/e' ratio, reflecting a higher left atrial filling pressure, contributing to left atrial remodeling over time.
    The American journal of cardiology 08/2010; 106(4):569-74. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study the potential of quantitative ultrasound biomicroscopy as a non-destructive methodology for the characterization of cartilage repair tissues has been investigated. In knee joints of miniature pigs, cartilage defects were treated by different cartilage repair approaches, including microfracturing, application of BMP-7, coverage with a collagen membrane, or by matrix-associated chondrocyte transplantation. After twelve weeks, the repair tissues were assessed histologically, biomechanically by indentation and by quantitative ultrasound biomicroscopy. The ultrasound signals reflected by the tissue surface and those backscattered from the internal matrix and the subchondral bone boundary were processed to estimate the integrated reflection coefficient (IRC) and apparent integrated backscatter (AIB) parameters. B-mode ultrasound allowed high-resolution visualization of the structure of the joint surface and subchondral bone plate, as well as determination of the thickness of healthy cartilage and repair tissues. Healthy hyaline cartilage was characterized by significantly higher IRC values and a significantly steeper negative slope of the depth-dependent backscatter amplitude AIBslope compared with the different repair cartilage tissues. Multimodal analyses revealed associations between IRC and the indentation stiffness. Furthermore, AIBslope and AIBdC were shown to be associated with the quality of the repair matrices or the reconstitution of the subchondral bone, respectively. Ultrasound biomicroscopy allowed detailed imaging of cartilage tissue, the internal tissue matrix and the subchondral bone interface. Further quantitative processing of the reflected acoustic signals contributed to a functional characterization of the biomechanical and structural properties of the cartilaginous matrix and revealed significant differences between repair tissues and healthy cartilage in this model.
    01/2010: pages 163-166;
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    ABSTRACT: Prolonged hospitalization is known to be associated with a loss of cognitive performance. Does playing video games (VGs) developed to improve cognitive properties delay this loss or even lead to an increase in cognitive performance? We performed a 10-day longitudinal study of patients who received total hip arthroplasty. We compared 16 patients (6 male) aged 66 ± 9 years (mean ± standard deviation) who played Dr. Kawashima's Brain Training: How Old Is Your Brain? (Nintendo; Redmond, Washington) on a Nintendo DS handheld console with 16 control patients (6 male) aged 69 ± 14 years. We measured cognitive performance 1 day preoperation, as well as on days 2 and 9 postoperation. With the daily exercise of a specific VG by the play group, the patients' fluid intelligence (median intelligence quotient 99-106), working memory capacity, and rate of information processing significantly improved over the course of 7 postoperative days. The cognitive performance of the control group did not increase. However, the memory spans of both groups did not systematically change. Exercise with VGs can prevent the loss of cognitive performance during prolonged hospitalization.
    The Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 01/2010; 47(9):891-8. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, a new force measuring technique was employed for determining the forces acting on the pulley system of the finger. An index and a ring finger of two separate cadavers (76 and 75 years of age) were placed in an isokinetic loading device in which the fingertip was fixed and loading was applied by pulling the two flexor tendons separately with increasing strength, while recording the forces occurring at the fingertip and in each of the two tendons. At the same time, we recorded the pressure underneath the pulleys using special sensors developed for this purpose. The fingers were loaded until a pulley rupture or an alternative event (fracture, tendon rupture) occurred. The whole loading process was recorded by digital camera. An A2 pulley rupture occurred in the index finger, while the ring finger fractured at the middle phalanx. The forces measured underneath the pulleys were smaller than the ones calculated by a mathematical model described in the literature. However, the forces measured and calculated showed the same characteristics during the loading process. More data is needed for validating the forces measured with these new pressure sensors. However, this pressure measuring technique represents a first approach for analyzing high forces in very confined spaces. © 2009 John Wiley and Sons Asia Pte Ltd
    Sports Technology 09/2009; 2(1‐2):32 - 38.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of transplanted chondrocytes on endochondral bone formation in cartilage repair tissue. In the knee joint of miniature pigs, cartilage lesions were treated by microfracturing and were then either left empty, covered with a collagen membrane, or treated by matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation. In control lesions, the subchondral bone plate was left intact (partial-thickness lesion). The repair tissues were analyzed after 12 weeks by histological methods focusing on bone formation and vascularization. The effect of chondrocytes on angiogenesis was assessed by in vitro assays. The presence of antiangiogenic proteins in cartilage repair tissue, including thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) and chondromodulin-I (ChM-I), was detected immunohistochemically and their expression in chondrocytes and bone marrow stromal cells was measured by quantitative RT-PCR. Significant outgrowths of subchondral bone and excessive endochondral ossification within the repair tissue were regularly observed in lesions with an exposed or microfractured subchondral bone plate. In contrast, such excessive bone formation was significantly inhibited by the additional transplantation of chondrocytes. Cartilaginous repair tissue that resisted ossification was strongly positive for the antiangiogenic proteins, TSP-1 and ChM-I, which were, however, not detectable in vascularized osseous outgrowths. Chondrocytes were identified to be the major source of TSP-1- and ChM-I expression and were shown to counteract the angiogenic activity of endothelial cells. These data suggest that the resistance of cartilaginous repair tissue against endochondral ossification following the transplantation of chondrocytes is associated with the presence of antiangiogenic proteins whose individual relevance has yet to be further explored.
    Calcified Tissue International 09/2009; 85(5):421-33. · 2.75 Impact Factor
  • M H Brem, F F Hennig, J Gusinde, A Olk, M Blanke
    MMW Fortschritte der Medizin 04/2009; 151(17):5.
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    ABSTRACT: The study's objective was to investigate if transplanted chondrocyte or periosteal cell spheroids have influence on ingrowing bone marrow-derived cells in a novel cartilage repair approach in miniature pigs. Autologous rib chondrocytes or periosteal cells were cultured as spheroids and press-fitted into cavities that were milled into large, superficial chondral lesions of the patellar joint surface. Within the milled cavities, the subchondral bone plate was either penetrated or left intact (full-thickness or partial-thickness cavities). The transplantation of chondrocyte spheroids into full-thickness cavities induced the formation of additional secondary repair cartilage that exceeded the original volume of the transplanted spheroids. The resulting continuous tissue was rich in proteoglycans and stained positive for type II collagen. Cell labeling revealed that secondarily invading repair cells did not originate from transplanted spheroids, but rather from arroded bone marrow. However, secondary invasion of repair cells was less pronounced following transplantation of periosteal cells and absent in partial-thickness cavities. According to in vitro analyses, these observations could be ascribed to the ability of chondrocyte spheroids to secrete relevant amounts of bone morphogenetic protein-2, which was not detected for periosteal cells. Transplanted chondrocyte spheroids exert a dual function: they provide cells for the repair tissue and have a stimulatory paracrine activity, which promotes ingrowth and chondrogenesis of bone marrow-derived cells.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 04/2009; 27(9):1216-25. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Amoxicillin (amoxicilline)-clavulanic acid has promising activity against pathogens that cause bone infections. We present the first evaluation of the bone penetration of a beta-lactam by population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic profiling via Monte Carlo simulations. Twenty uninfected patients undergoing total hip replacement received a single intravenous infusion of 2,000 mg/200 mg amoxicillin-clavulanic acid before surgery. Blood and bone specimens were collected. Bone samples were pulverized under liquid nitrogen with a cryogenic mill, including an internal standard. The drug concentrations in serum and total bone were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. We used NONMEM and S-ADAPT for population pharmacokinetic analysis and a target time of the non-protein-bound drug concentration above the MIC for > or = 50% of the dosing interval for near-maximal bactericidal activity in serum. The median of the ratio of the area under the curve (AUC) for bone/AUC for serum was 20% (10th to 90th percentile for between-subject variability [variability], 16 to 25%) in cortical bone and 18% (variability, 11 to 29%) in cancellous bone for amoxicillin and 15% (variability, 11 to 21%) in cortical bone and 10% (variability, 5.1 to 21%) in cancellous bone for clavulanic acid. Analysis in S-ADAPT yielded similar results. The equilibration half-lives between serum and bone were 12 min for amoxicillin and 14 min for clavulanic acid. For a 30-min infusion of 2,000 mg/200 mg amoxicillin-clavulanic acid every 4 h, amoxicillin achieved robust (> or = 90%) probabilities of target attainment (PTAs) for MICs of < or = 12 mg/liter in serum and 2 to 3 mg/liter in bone and population PTAs above 95% against methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus in bone and serum. The AUC of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid was 5 to 10 times lower in bone than in serum, and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid achieved a rapid equilibrium and favorable population PTAs against pathogens commonly encountered in bone infections.
    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 04/2009; 53(6):2569-78. · 4.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Software-based image analysis is important for studies of cartilage changes in knee osteoarthritis (OA). This study describes an evaluation of a semi-automated cartilage segmentation software tool capable of quantifying paired images for potential use in longitudinal studies of knee OA. We describe the methodology behind the analysis and demonstrate its use by determination of test-retest analysis precision of duplicate knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data sets. Test-retest knee MR images of 12 subjects with a range of knee health were evaluated from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) pilot MR study. Each subject was removed from the magnet between the two scans. The 3D DESS (sagittal, 0.456 mm x 0.365 mm, 0.7 mm slice thickness, TR 16.5 ms, TE 4.7 ms) images were obtained on a 3-T Siemens Trio MR system with a USA Instruments quadrature transmit-receive extremity coil. Segmentation of one 3D-image series was first performed and then the corresponding retest series was segmented by viewing both image series concurrently in two adjacent windows. After manual registration of the series, the first segmentation cartilage outline served as an initial estimate for the second segmentation. We evaluated morphometric measures of the bone and cartilage surface area (tAB and AC), cartilage volume (VC), and mean thickness (ThC.me) for medial/lateral tibia (MT/LT), total femur (F) and patella (P). Test-retest reproducibility was assessed using the root-mean square coefficient of variation (RMS CV%). For the paired analyses, RMS CV % ranged from 0.9% to 1.2% for VC, from 0.3% to 0.7% for AC, from 0.6% to 2.7% for tAB and 0.8% to 1.5% for ThC.me. Paired image analysis improved the measurement precision of cartilage segmentation. Our results are in agreement with other publications supporting the use of paired analysis for longitudinal studies of knee OA.
    Skeletal Radiology 03/2009; 38(5):505-11. · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article was to evaluate the potential of in vivo zonal T2-mapping as a noninvasive tool in the longitudinal visualization of cartilage repair tissue maturation after matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte transplantation (MACT). Fifteen patients were treated with MACT and evaluated cross-sectionally, with a baseline MRI at a follow-up of 19.7 +/- 12.1 months after cartilage transplantation surgery of the knee. In the same 15 patients, 12 months later (31.7 +/- 12.0 months after surgery), a longitudinal 1-year follow-up MRI was obtained. MRI was performed on a 3 Tesla MR scanner; morphological evaluation was performed using a double-echo steady-state sequence; T2 maps were calculated from a multiecho, spin-echo sequence. Quantitative mean (full-thickness) and zonal (deep and superficial) T2 values were calculated in the cartilage repair area and in control cartilage sites. A statistical analysis of variance was performed. Full-tickness T2 values showed no significant difference between sites of healthy cartilage and cartilage repair tissue (p < 0.05). Using zonal T2 evaluation, healthy cartilage showed a significant increase from the deep to superficial cartilage layers (p < 0.05). Cartilage repair tissue after MACT showed no significant zonal increase from deep to superficial cartilage areas during baseline MRI (p > 0.05); however, during the 1-year follow-up, a significant zonal stratification could be observed (p < 0.05). Morphological evaluation showed no significant difference between the baseline and the 1-year follow-up MRI. T2 mapping seems to be more sensitive in revealing changes in the repair tissue compared to morphological MRI. In vivo zonal T2 assessment may be sensitive enough to characterize the maturation of cartilage repair tissue.
    Journal of Orthopaedic Research 02/2009; 27(7):957-63. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Moxifloxacin is a fluoroquinolone with a broad spectrum of activity and good penetration into many tissues, including bone. Penetration of moxifloxacin into bone has not yet been studied using compartmental modeling techniques. Therefore, we determined the rate and extent of bone penetration by moxifloxacin and evaluated its pharmacodynamic profile in bone via Monte Carlo simulation. Twenty-four patients (10 males, 14 females) undergoing total hip replacement received 400 mg moxifloxacin orally 2 to 7 h prior to surgery. Blood and bone specimens were collected. Bone samples were pulverized under liquid nitrogen by a cryogenic mill, including an internal standard. Drug concentrations were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. We used ADAPT II (results reported), NONMEM, and WinBUGS for pharmacokinetic analysis. Monte Carlo simulation was performed to reverse engineer the necessary area under the free concentration-time curve fAUC(SERUM)/MIC in serum and total AUC(BONE)/MIC in bone for a successful clinical or microbiological outcome. The median (10% to 90% percentile for between-subject variability) of the AUC in bone divided by the AUC in serum (AUC(BONE)/AUC(SERUM)) was 80% (51 to 126%) for cortical bone and 78% (42 to 144%) for cancellous bone. Equilibration between serum and bone was rapid. Moxifloxacin achieved robust (> or = 90%) probabilities of target attainment (PTAs) in serum, cortical bone, and cancellous bone up to MICs of < or = 0.375 mg/liter based on the targets fAUC(SERUM)/MIC > or = 40 and AUC(BONE)/MIC > or = 33. Moxifloxacin showed high bone concentrations and a rapid equilibrium between bone and serum. The favorable PTAs compared to the 90%-inhibitory MIC of Staphylococcus aureus warrant future clinical trials on the effectiveness of moxifloxacin in the treatment of bone infections.
    Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 02/2009; 53(5):2074-81. · 4.57 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

349 Citations
114.32 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2014
    • Universitätsklinikum Erlangen
      • Department of Surgery
      Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
  • 1996–2010
    • Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
      • Department of Surgery
      Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2009
    • University of Wuerzburg
      • Institute of Pharmacy and Food Chemistry
      Würzburg, Bavaria, Germany