ABSTRACT: It has been reported that a docetaxel-carboplatin combination as first-line chemotherapy for ovarian cancer showed a level of progression-free survival similar to that of paclitaxel-carboplatin while reducing neurotoxicity and improving quality of life. We investigated the recommended doses of docetaxel-carboplatin in Japanese patients with ovarian cancer and conducted a comparative study of docetaxel-carboplatin versus paclitaxel-carboplatin.
Thirty-nine patients with ovarian cancer were enrolled in this study and 38 patients were evaluated. We conducted a dose-escalation study using a docetaxel dose of 70 mg/m(2) and carboplatin AUC 5 and 6. In the comparative study, patients received either docetaxel 70 mg/m(2) and carboplatin AUC 5 or paclitaxel 175 mg/m(2) and carboplatin AUC 5. Progression-free survival, survival rate at 2 years, response rate, toxicity, and quality of life were investigated.
In the dose-finding study, we determined the recommended doses as docetaxel 70 mg/m(2) and carboplatin AUC 5. In the comparative study, the two arms showed similar progression-free survival. Grade 4 neutropenia occurred more frequently in the docetaxel-carboplatin group (84.6%) than in the paclitaxel-carboplatin group (43.8%), while sensory neurotoxicity was less frequent in the docetaxel-carboplatin group (53.8%) than in the paclitaxel-carboplatin (68.8%) group. There were significant differences in the quality-of-life data in favor of docetaxel-carboplatin.
We determined the recommended doses of docetaxel-carboplatin for Japanese patients with ovarian cancer to be docetaxel 70 mg/m(2) and carboplatin AUC 5. In the comparative study, we suggest that the docetaxel-carboplatin combination is effective and well tolerated as first-line chemotherapy for Japanese patients with ovarian cancer.
International Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/2007; 12(3):205-11. · 1.41 Impact Factor