[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The catalytic inactivation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in water by silver loaded alumina as catalyst was investigated. Ag/Al(2)O(3) and AgCl/Al(2)O(3) catalysts exhibited high bactericidal activity at room temperature in water with no need for any light or electrical power input. Dissolved oxygen which can be catalyzed to reactive oxygen species (ROS) was found to be essential for the strong bactericidal activities of the catalysts. Decomposition of the cell wall leading to leakage of the intracellular component and the complete lysis of the whole cell were directly observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The resultant change in cell permeability was confirmed by potassium ion leakage. The different morphological changes between E. coli cells treated with the catalysts and Ag(+) were also observed. The formation of ROS involved in the bactericidal process by AgCl/Al(2)O(3) was confirmed by addition of catalase and ()OH scavenger. Higher temperature and pH value were found to have positive effect on the bactericidal activity of AgCl/Al(2)O(3). All these results indicated that the bactericidal effect of the catalyst was a synergic action of ROS and Ag(+), not an additive one. A possible mechanism is proposed.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry 06/2008; 102(9):1736-42. · 3.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The catalytic inactivation of Escherichia coli in water by a cerium (Ce)-promoted silver-loaded aluminum phosphate (Ag/ AlPO4) catalyst using molecular oxygen was investigated. With optimum Ce content, the Ag(Ce)/AlPO4 catalyst exhibited strong bactericidal activity. The process of decomposition of the cell wall and cell membrane was directly observed by TEM. The different morphological changes of E. coli cells treated with the Ag(Ce)/AlPO4 catalyst and those treated with Ag+ suggested that the Ag+ eluted from the catalyst surface did not play an important role during the bactericidal process. Results of DMPO spin-trapping measurements by electron spin resonance (ESR) indicated the formation of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) *OH and *O2-, which caused the considerable bactericidal activity. The formation of H2O2 acted as an important intermediate; this was confirmed by addition of catalase as the scavenger. A possible catalytic oxidation bactericidal mechanism using molecular oxygen was proposed for the Ag(Ce)/AlPO4 catalyst.
Environmental Science and Technology 04/2008; 42(5):1699-704. · 5.26 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The bactericidal process of Ag/Al2O3 to Escherichia coli has been investigated to clarify the bactericidal mechanism. In SEM images, the configuration of E. coli cells contacting with the catalyst surface was quite different from that contacting with AgNO3 solution, which indicated that the Ag+ eluted from the catalyst did not play an important role in the bactericidal process. The bactericidal experiments strongly confirmed the contribution of multiform reactive oxygen species (ROS) (super oxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase as the scavengers for O2*- and H2O2, respectively) to bactericidal effect on the catalyst surface. Furthermore, the surface modification of Ag/Al2O3 by ultraviolet and formaldehyde influenced the bactericidal effect obviously, which not only confirmed the bactericidal mechanism of catalytic oxidation but also provided evidence for the synergistic effect between Ag and Al2O3 on the catalyst surface.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bactericidal action of Al(2)O(3), Ag/Al(2)O(3) and AgCl/Al(2)O(3) on pure culture of Escherichia coli K 12 was studied. Ag/Al(2)O(3) and AgCl/Al(2)O(3) demonstrated a stronger bactericidal activity than Al(2)O(3). The colony-forming ability of E. coli was completely lost in 0.5 min on both of Ag/Al(2)O(3) and AgCl/Al(2)O(3) at room temperature in air. The configuration of the bacteria on the catalyst surface was observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the expression of the bactericidal activity on the surface of catalysts by assay with O(2)/N(2) bubbling and scavenger for ROS. Furthermore, the formation of CO(2) as an oxidation product could be detected by diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and be deduced by total carbon analysis. These results strongly support that the bactericidal process on the surface of Ag/Al(2)O(3) and AgCl/Al(2)O(3) was caused by the catalytic oxidation.
Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 06/2007; 101(5):817-23. · 3.20 Impact Factor