ABSTRACT: Methylation of the anionic 4-methylcarboxy 1,2,3-oxadiazolate 3-oxide occurs at either the disubstituted ring nitrogen or the oxygen of the N-oxide depending upon the conditions and reagents employed. Alkylation with methyl iodide leads to N-alkylation, while dimethyl sulfate gives O-alkylation and trifluoromethanemethylsulfonate gives a mixture of the two products. The regioselectivity of these methylations has been confirmed by X-ray diffraction of the two products, and these are in turn correlated with their theoretically predicted (B3LYP//6-311++G**) relative energies and vibrational spectra. Theoretically, N-alkylation is expected to give an isomer that is over 10 kcal mol-1 more stable than the O-alkylated product. As a neat melt the kinetic O-alkylation product cleanly isomerizes in 2 h when heated to 140 degrees C to give the thermodynamic N-methylated isomer. Taken together the results illustrate the remarkable new sydnone N-oxide derivatives which are readily accessed in this chemistry, with the N-alkylation of the sydnone N-oxide, corresponding to the first case of such an N-alkylation for a diazenium diolate.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry 06/2007; 72(10):3625-31. · 4.45 Impact Factor