Tanvir Chowdhury Turin

The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada

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Publications (132)540.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Very little is known about the relative contributions of physician specialty groups and individual physicians to overall clinical laboratory expenditures. The objectives of this study were to determine the costs of clinical laboratory test expenditures attributable to 30 medical specialties and the associated per capita physician expenditures for an entire major Canadian city. Only chemistry, hematology, and microbiology tests were included in this study. Retrospective cohort study involving all physicians in Calgary, Canada, and surrounding areas (n = 3,499) and secondary data on laboratory test orders. Data were obtained on approximately 20 million test requests. The mean clinical laboratory test expenditure, in Canadian dollars, per physician was $27,945 for all physicians combined. Total expenditures by primary care physicians (family physicians and general practitioners) accounted for 58% of total expenditures. There was wide variation in clinical laboratory test expenditures among specialties and on a per capita basis within medical specialties. Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 07/2015; 144(1):97-102. DOI:10.1309/AJCP80REPIUGVXPH · 3.01 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and nocturnal hypoxemia are associated with chronic kidney disease and up-regulation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), which is deleterious to renal function. The extent to which the magnitude of RAS activation is influenced by the severity of nocturnal hypoxemia and co-morbid obesity has not been determined. To determine the association between the severity of nocturnal hypoxemia and RAS activity and whether this is independent of obesity in patients with OSA. Effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) response to angiotensin II (AngII) challenge, a marker of renal RAS activity, was measured by para-aminohippurate clear-ance technique in 31 OSA subjects (respiratory disturbance index: 51±25hr-1), stratified accord-ing to nocturnal hypoxemia status (mean nocturnal oxyhemoglobin saturation (SaO2)≥90% (moderate hypoxemia) or <90% (severe hypoxemia)) and 12 obese control subjects. Compared to controls, OSA subjects demonstrated decreased reno-vascular sen-sitivity (ERPF: -153±79 vs -283±31mL/min, p=0.004; filtration fraction 5.4±3.8 vs 7.1±2.6%, p=0.0025) in response to 60min of AngII challenge (mean±SD); all p-values OSA vs control). The fall in ERPF in response to AngII was less in patients with severe hypoxemia compared to those with moderate hypoxemia (p=0.001) and obese controls after 30min (p<0.001) and 60min (p<0.001) of AngII challenge, reflecting more augmented renal RAS activity. Severity of hypox-emia was not associated with the blood pressure or the systemic circulating RAS component re-sponse to AngII. The severity of nocturnal hypoxemia influences the magnitude of renal, but not the systemic, RAS activation independently of obesity in patients with OSA.
    American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 06/2015; DOI:10.1164/rccm.201502-0383OC · 11.99 Impact Factor
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    Hypertension 06/2015; DOI:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.115.05688 · 7.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relative and absolute risks of outcomes other than all-cause death (ACD) attributable to atrial fibrillation (AF) stratified age have not been sufficiently investigated. A prospective study of 23,634 community dwellers aged 40years or older without organic cardiovascular disease (AF=335, non-AF=23,299) was conducted. Multivariate-adjusted rates, rate ratios (RRs) and excess deaths (EDs) for ACD, cardiovascular death (CVD) and non-cardiovascular death (non-CVD), and sex- and age-adjusted RR and ED in middle-aged (40 to 69) and elderly (70years or older) for ACD, CVD, non-CVD, sudden cardiac death (SCD), stroke-related death (Str-D), neoplasm-related death (NPD), and infection-related death (IFD) attributable to AF were estimated using Poisson regression. Multivariate-adjusted analysis revealed that AF significantly increased the risk of ACD (RR [95% confidence interval]:1.70 [1.23-2.95]) and CVD (3.86 [2.38-6.27]), but not non-CVD. Age-stratified analysis revealed that AF increased the risk of Str-D in middle-aged (14.5 [4.77-44.3]) and elderly individuals (4.92 [1.91-12.7]), SCD in elderly individuals (3.21 [1.37-7.51]), and might increase the risk of IFD in elderly individuals (2.02 [0.80-4.65], p=0.098). The RR of CVD was higher in middle-aged versus elderly individuals (RRs, 6.19 vs. 3.57) but the absolute risk difference was larger in elderly individuals (EDs: 7.6 vs. 3.0 per 1000person-years). Larger absolute risk differences for ACD and CVD attributable to AF among elderly people indicate that the absolute burden of AF is higher in elderly versus middle-aged people despite the relatively small RR. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    International Journal of Cardiology 03/2015; 184:692-698. DOI:10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.03.068 · 6.18 Impact Factor
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    Mohammad Al Mamun, Hamza M Ibrahim, Tanvir Chowdhury Turin
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    ABSTRACT: We studied Facebook groups related to hypertension to characterize their objectives, subject matter, member sizes, geographical boundaries, level of activity, and user-generated content. We performed a systematic search among open Facebook groups using the keywords "hypertension," "high blood pressure," "raised blood pressure," and "blood pressure." We extracted relevant data from each group's content and developed a coding and categorizing scheme for the whole data set. Stepwise logistic regression was used to explore factors independently associated with each group's level of activity. We found 187 hypertension-related Facebook groups containing 8,966 members. The main objective of most (59.9%) Facebook groups was to create hypertension awareness, and 11.2% were created primarily to support patients and caregivers. Among the top-displayed, most recent posts (n = 164), 21.3% were focused on product or service promotion, whereas one-fifth of posts were related to hypertension-awareness information. Each Facebook group's level of activity was independently associated with group size (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 1.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.03), presence of "likes" on the most recent wall post (AOR, 3.55, 95% CI, 1.41-8.92), and presence of attached files on the group wall (AOR, 5.01, 95% CI, 1.25-20.1). The primary objective of most of the hypertension-related Facebook groups observed in this study was awareness creation. Compared with the whole Facebook community, the total number of hypertension-related Facebook groups and their users was small and the groups were less active.
    Preventing chronic disease 01/2015; 12:E11. DOI:10.5888/pcd12.140265 · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Validation of current and promising surrogate outcomes for ESRD in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) has been limited. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs to further inform the ability of surrogate outcomes for ESRD to predict the efficacy of various interventions on ESRD. MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL (from inception through September 2013) were searched. All RCTs in adults with proteinuria, diabetes, or CKD stages 1–4 or renal transplant recipients reporting ≥10 ESRD events and a surrogate outcome (change in proteinuria or doubling of serum creatinine [DSCR]) for ESRD during a ≥1-year follow-up were included. Two reviewers abstracted trial characteristics and outcome data independently. To assess the correlation between the surrogate outcomes and ESRD, we determined the treatment effect ratio (TER), defined as the ratio of the treatment effects on ESRD and the effects on the change in surrogate outcomes. TERs close to 1 indicate greater agreement between ESRD and the surrogate, and these ratios were pooled across interventions. We identified 27 trials (97,458 participants; 4187 participants with ESRD). Seven trials reported the effects on change in proteinuria and showed consistent effects for proteinuria and ESRD (TER, 0.82; 95% confidence interval, 0.59 to 1.16), with minimal heterogeneity. Twenty trials reported on DSCR. Treatment effects on DSCR were consistent with the effects on ESRD (TER, 0.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.85 to 1.14), with moderate heterogeneity. In conclusion, DSCR is generally a good surrogate for ESRD, whereas data on proteinuria were limited. Further assessment of the surrogacy of proteinuria using prospective RCTs is warranted.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 01/2015; DOI:10.1681/ASN.2014040396 · 9.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lower estimated glomerular filtration rate is associated with reduced life expectancy. Whether this association is modified by the presence or absence of albuminuria, another cardinal finding of chronic kidney disease, is unknown. Our objective was to estimate the life expectancy of middle-aged men and women with varying levels of eGFR and concomitant albuminuria. A retrospective cohort study. A large population-based cohort identified from the provincial laboratory registry in Alberta, Canada. Adults aged ≥30 years who had outpatient measures of serum creatinine and albuminuria between May 1, 2002 and March 31, 2008. Baseline levels of kidney function identified from serum creatinine and albuminuria measurements. all cause mortality during the follow-up. Patients were categorized based on their estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (≥60, 45-59, 30-44, and 15-29 mL/min/1 · 73 m(2)) as well as albuminuria (normal, mild, and heavy) measured by albumin-to-creatinine ratio or urine dipstick. The abridged life table method was applied to calculate the life expectancies of men and women from age 40 to 80 years across combined eGFR and albuminuria categories. We also categorized participants by severity of kidney disease (low risk, moderately increased risk, high risk, and very high risk) using the combination of eGFR and albuminuria levels. Among men aged 50 years and with eGFR ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m(2), estimated life expectancy was 24.8 (95% CI: 24.6-25.0), 17.5 (95% CI: 17.1-17.9), and 13.5 (95% CI: 12.6-14.3) years for participants with normal, mild and heavy albuminuria respectively. Life expectancy for men with mild and heavy albuminuria was 7.3 (95% CI: 6.9-7.8) and 11.3 (95% CI: 10.5-12.2) years shorter than men with normal proteinuria, respectively. A reduction in life expectancy was associated with an increasing severity of kidney disease; 24.8 years for low risk (95% CI: 24.6-25.0), 19.1 years for moderately increased risk (95% CI: 18.7-19.5), 14.2 years for high risk (95% CI: 13.5-15.0), and 9.6 years for very high risk (95% CI: 8.4-10.8). Among women of similar age and kidney function, estimated life expectancy was 28.9 (95% CI: 28.7-29.1), 19.8 (95% CI: 19.2-20.3), and 14.8 (95% CI: 13.5-16.0) years for participants with normal, mild and heavy albuminuria respectively. Life expectancy for women with mild and heavy albuminuria was 9.1 (95% CI: 8.5-9.7) and 14.2 (95% CI: 12.9-15.4) years shorter than the women with normal proteinuria, respectively. For women also a graded reduction in life expectancy was observed across the increasing severity of kidney disease; 28.9 years for low risk (95% CI: 28.7-29.1), 22.5 years for moderately increased risk (95% CI: 22.0-22.9), 16.5 years for high risk (95% CI: 15.4-17.5), and 9.2 years for very high risk (95% CI: 7.8-10.7). Possible misclassification of long-term kidney function categories cannot be eliminated. Possibility of confounding due to concomitant comorbidities cannot be ruled out. The presence and degree of albuminuria was associated with lower estimated life expectancy for both gender and was especially notable in those with eGFR ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Life expectancy associated with a given level of eGFR differs substantially based on the presence and severity of albuminuria.
    12/2014; 1(1):33. DOI:10.1186/s40697-014-0033-6
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    ABSTRACT: Uric acid is associated with hypertension and increased renin–angiotensin system activity, although this relationship diminishes after chronic exposure to high levels. Uric acid is more strongly associated with poor outcomes in women compared to men, although whether this is due to a sex-specific uric acid-mediated pathophysiology or reflects sex differences in baseline uric acid levels remains unknown. We examined the association between uric acid and vascular measures at baseline and in response to angiotensin-II challenge in young healthy humans. Fifty-two subjects (17 men, 35 premenopausal women) were studied in high-salt balance. Serum uric acid levels were significantly higher in men compared to women (328 ± 14 μmol/L vs. 248 ± 10 μmol/L, P < 0.001), although all values were within normal sex-specific range. Men demonstrated no association between uric acid and blood pressure, either at baseline or in response to angiotensin-II. In stark contrast, a significant association was observed between uric acid and blood pressure at baseline (systolic blood pressure, P = 0.005; diastolic blood pressure, P = 0.02) and in response to angiotensin-II (systolic blood pressure, P = 0.035; diastolic blood pressure, P = 0.056) in women. However, this sex difference lost significance after adjustment for baseline uric acid. When all subjects were stratified according to high (>300 μmol/L) or low (≤300 μmol/L) uric acid levels, only the low uric acid group showed a positive association between uric acid and measures of vascular tone at baseline and in response to angiotensin-II. Differences in uric acid-mediated outcomes between men and women likely reflect differences in exposure to increased uric acid levels, rather than a sex-specific uric acid-mediated pathophysiology.
    12/2014; 2(12). DOI:10.14814/phy2.12235
  • Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Yoshikuni Kita, Nahid Rumana
    11/2014; 5(1). DOI:10.1016/j.jegh.2014.09.006
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    ABSTRACT: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Home sleep testing is used to diagnose OSA in many studies investigating sleep-disordered breathing in this population. However, failure to successfully complete the test is a significant source of participant exclusion from research studies and delayed diagnosis in clinical practice. The objective of the study was to identify potential factors impeding acceptance and successful completion of home sleep testing in patients with kidney disease.
    Sleep And Breathing 11/2014; 19(2). DOI:10.1007/s11325-014-1074-x · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is known to be one of the causes of cardiovascular disease and end-stage renal disease. Among the several treatable risk factors of CKD, that of dyslipidemia is relatively controversial. To clarify the association of polymorphisms in genes involved in lipid metabolism with the risk of CKD in the Japanese population, we used cross-sectional data from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC) Study.
    Lipids in Health and Disease 10/2014; 13(1):162. DOI:10.1186/1476-511X-13-162 · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background-Lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on a single occasion is associated with risk of cardiovascular events; whether the degree of change in eGFR during a 1-year period adds prognostic information is unknown. Methods and Results-We included adults who had >= 2 outpatient eGFR measurements (>= 6 months apart) during a 1-year accrual period in Alberta, Canada. According to recent guidelines, we used a change in eGFR category (>= 90, 60 to 89, 45 to 59, 30 to 44, 15 to 29, and <15 mL/min per 1.73 m(2)), and the presence/absence of a >= 25% change from baseline to classify participants into 5 groups: certain drop, uncertain drop, stable (no change), uncertain rise, and certain rise. We calculated adjusted rates of cardiovascular events (per 10 000 person-years) for each group. We estimated the adjusted risks of cardiovascular events associated with each category of change in eGFR, in reference to stable kidney function. Among the 526 388 participants, 76.1% (n=400 560) had stable, 2.6% (n=13 668) had a certain drop, and 3.3% (n=17 499) had a certain rise in eGFR. Compared with participants with stable kidney function, adjusted risks of myocardial infarction, heart failure, and stroke were 27%, 51%, and 20% higher, respectively, for those with a certain drop in kidney function. After adjusting for the last eGFR at the end of the accrual period, the observed association diminished. Conclusion-Clinically relevant changes in eGFR are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, most of the apparent increase in risk can be accounted for by assessing comorbidity and baseline kidney function.
    Journal of the American Heart Association 09/2014; 3(5). DOI:10.1161/JAHA.114.000997 · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Split-night polysomnography is performed at our centre in all patients with ALS who require assessment for nocturnal hypoventilation and their response to non-invasive ventilation. The purpose of this study was to determine how successful this practice has been, reflected by whether a complete assessment was achieved by a single split-night polysomnogram. We undertook a systematic, retrospective review of all consecutive split-night polysomnograms in ALS patients between 2005 and 2012. A total of 47 cases were reviewed. Forty-three percent of patients had an incomplete test, resulting in a recommendation to repeat the polysomnogram. Poor sleep efficiency and absence of REM sleep in the diagnostic portion of the study were strongly associated with incomplete studies. Clinical variables that reflect severity of ALS (FVC, PaCO2, ALSFRS-R) and use of REM-suppressing antidepressants or sedative-hypnotics were not associated with incomplete split-night polysomnogram. In conclusion, a single, split-night polysomnogram is frequently inconclusive for the assessment of nocturnal hypoventilation and complete titration of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in patients with ALS. Poor sleep efficiency and absence of REM sleep are the main limitations of split-night polysomnography in this patient population.
    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration 08/2014; DOI:10.3109/21678421.2014.942866 · 2.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) have a high rate of mortality and specifically an increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Impaired cardiac autonomic tone is associated with elevated risk of SCD. Moreover, patients with ESKD are often vitamin D deficient, which we have shown may be linked to autonomic dysfunction in humans. To date, it is not known whether vitamin D supplementation normalizes cardiac autonomic function in the high-risk ESKD population. The VITamin D supplementation and cardiac Autonomic tone in Hemodialysis (VITAH) randomized trial will determine whether intensive vitamin D supplementation therapies improve cardiac autonomic tone to a greater extent than conventional vitamin D supplementation regimens in ESKD patients requiring chronic hemodialysis. Methods/Design A total of 60 subjects with ESKD requiring thrice weekly chronic hemodialysis will be enrolled in this 2x2 crossover, blinded, randomized controlled trial. Following a 4-week washout period from any prior vitamin D therapy, subjects are randomized 1:1 to intensive versus standard vitamin D therapy for 6 weeks, followed by a 12-week washout period, and finally the remaining treatment arm for 6 weeks. Intensive vitamin D treatment includes alfacalcidiol (activated vitamin D) 0.25mcg orally with each dialysis session combined with ergocalciferol (nutritional vitamin D) 50 000 IU orally once per week and placebo the remaining two dialysis days for 6 weeks. The standard vitamin D treatment includes alfacalcidiol 0.25mcg orally combined with placebo each dialysis session per week for 6 weeks. Cardiac autonomic tone is measured via 24 h Holter monitor assessments on the first dialysis day of the week every 6 weeks throughout the study period. The primary outcome is change in the low frequency: high frequency heart rate variability (HRV) ratio during the first 12 h of the Holter recording at 6 weeks versus baseline. Secondary outcomes include additional measures of HRV. The safety of intensive versus conventional vitamin D supplementation is also assessed. Discussion VITAH will determine whether an intensive vitamin D supplementation regimen will improve cardiac autonomic tone compared to conventional vitamin D supplementation and will assess the safety of these two supplementation regimens in ESKD patients receiving chronic hemodialysis. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01774812
    BMC Nephrology 08/2014; 15(1):129. DOI:10.1186/1471-2369-15-129 · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: Men have high cardiovascular risk and unfavourable cardiac autonomic tone compared to premenopausal women. The role of sex hormones in control of autonomic tone is unclear. We sought to determine the association between sex hormones and cardiosympathovagal tone at baseline and in response to a physiological stressor. Methods: Forty-eight healthy subjects (21 men, 27 premenopausal women) were studied in high-salt balance. Cardiac autonomic tone was assessed by heart rate variability, calculated by spectral power analysis (low frequency (LF, a measure of sympathetic modulation), high frequency (HF, a measure of vagal modulation) and LF:HF (a measure of cardiosympathovagal balance)) at baseline and in response to graded Angiotensin II (AngII) infusion (3 ng/kg/min × 30 min, 6 ng/kg/min ×30 min) were measured. The primary outcome was association between endogenous sex hormone levels and measures of cardiac autonomic tone. Results: All subjects had sex hormone levels in the normal range. No associations were observed between sex hormones and baseline cardiac autonomic tone in men or women. Men with lower testosterone levels, however, were unable to maintain both cardiosympathetic (p = 0.045) and cardiovagal tone (p = 0.035) in response to AngII even after adjustments for covariates. No association was observed between estradiol and progesterone and cardiac autonomic response to AngII in either sex. Conclusion: An unfavourable shift in the cardiac autonomic tone in men with lower testosterone levels was observed in response to a stressor. Understanding the role of sex hormones in modulation of cardiac autonomic tone may help guide risk reduction strategies in men.
    Clinical and Experimental Hypertension 07/2014; DOI:10.3109/10641963.2014.933966 · 1.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: IMPORTANCE The established chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression end point of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or a doubling of serum creatinine concentration (corresponding to a change in estimated glomerular filtration rate [GFR] of -57% or greater) is a late event. OBJECTIVE To characterize the association of decline in estimated GFR with subsequent progression to ESRD with implications for using lesser declines in estimated GFR as potential alternative end points for CKD progression. Because most people with CKD die before reaching ESRD, mortality risk also was investigated. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION Individual meta-analysis of 1.7 million participants with 12 344 ESRD events and 223 944 deaths from 35 cohorts in the CKD Prognosis Consortium with a repeated measure of serum creatinine concentration over 1 to 3 years and outcome data. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS Transfer of individual participant data or standardized analysis of outputs for random-effects meta-analysis conducted between July 2012 and September 2013, with baseline estimated GFR values collected from 1975 through 2012. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES End-stage renal disease (initiation of dialysis or transplantation) or all-cause mortality risk related to percentage change in estimated GFR over 2 years, adjusted for potential confounders and first estimated GFR. RESULTS The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of ESRD and mortality were higher with larger estimated GFR decline. Among participants with baseline estimated GFR of less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, the adjusted HRs for ESRD were 32.1 (95% CI, 22.3-46.3) for changes of -57% in estimated GFR and 5.4 (95% CI, 4.5-6.4) for changes of -30%. However, changes of -30% or greater (6.9% [95% CI, 6.4%-7.4%] of the entire consortium) were more common than changes of -57% (0.79% [95% CI, 0.52%-1.06%]). This association was strong and consistent across the length of the baseline period (1 to 3 years), baseline estimated GFR, age, diabetes status, or albuminuria. Average adjusted 10-year risk of ESRD (in patients with a baseline estimated GFR of 35 mL/min/1.73 m2) was 99% (95% CI, 95%-100%) for estimated GFR change of -57%, was 83% (95% CI, 71%-93%) for estimated GFR change of -40%, and was 64% (95% CI, 52%-77%) for estimated GFR change of -30% vs 18% (95% CI, 15%-22%) for estimated GFR change of 0%. Corresponding mortality risks were 77% (95% CI, 71%-82%), 60% (95% CI, 56%-63%), and 50% (95% CI, 47%-52%) vs 32% (95% CI, 31%-33%), showing a similar but weaker pattern. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Declines in estimated GFR smaller than a doubling of serum creatinine concentration occurred more commonly and were strongly and consistently associated with the risk of ESRD and mortality, supporting consideration of lesser declines in estimated GFR (such as a 30% reduction over 2 years) as an alternative end point for CKD progression.
    JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 06/2014; 311(24). DOI:10.1001/jama.2014.6634 · 30.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Few comprehensive stroke and acute myocardial infarction registries of long duration exist in Japan to illustrate trends in acute case-fatality of stroke and acute myocardial infarction with greater precision. We examined 17-year case-fatality rates of stroke and acute myocardial infarction using an entire community-monitoring registration system to investigate trends in these rates over time in a Japanese population.Methods Data were obtained from the Takashima Stroke and AMI Registry covering a stable population of approximately 55 000 residents of Takashima County in central Japan. We divided the total observation period of 17 years into four periods, 1989–1992, 1993–1996, 1997–2000, and 2001–2005. We calculated gender, age-specific and age-adjusted acute case-fatality rates (%) of stroke and acute myocardial infarction across these four periods.ResultsDuring the study period of 1989–2005, there were 341 fatal cases within 28 days of onset among 2239 first-ever stroke events and 163 fatal cases among 433 first-ever acute myocardial infarction events. The age-adjusted acute case-fatality rate of stroke was 14·9% in men and 15·7% in women. The age-adjusted acute case-fatality rate of acute myocardial infarction was 34·3% in men and 43·3% in women. The age-adjusted acute case-fatality rates of stroke and acute myocardial infarction showed insignificant differences across the four time periods. The average annual change in the acute case-fatality rate of stroke (−0·2%; 95% CI: −2·4–2·1) and acute myocardial infarction (2·7%; 95% CI: −0·7–6·1) did not change significantly across the study years.Conclusions The acute case-fatality rates of stroke and acute myocardial infarction have remained stable from 1989 to 2005 in a rural and semi-urban Japanese population.
    International Journal of Stroke 06/2014; DOI:10.1111/ijs.12288 · 4.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating form of stroke with a poor prognosis overall. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify and describe factors associated with early neurologic deterioration (END) after ICH. We sought to identify any factor which could be prognostic in the absence of an intervention. The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, the Global Health Library, and PubMed were searched for primary studies from the years 1966 to 2012 with no restrictions on language or study design. Studies of patients who received a surgical intervention or specific experimental therapies were excluded. END was defined as death, or worsening on a reliable outcome scale within seven days after onset. 7,172 abstracts were reviewed, 1,579 full-text papers were obtained and screened. 14 studies were identified; including 2088 patients. Indices of ICH severity such as ICH volume (univariate combined OR per ml:1.37, 95%CI: 1.12-1.68), presence of intraventricular hemorrhage (2.95, 95%CI: 1.57-5.55), glucose concentration (per mmol/l: 2.14, 95%CI: 1.03-4.47), fibrinogen concentration (per g/l: 1.83, 95%CI: 1.03-3.25), and d-dimer concentration at hospital admission (per mg/l: 4.19, 95%CI: 1.88-9.34) were significantly associated with END after random-effects analyses. Whereas commonly described risk factors for ICH progression such as blood pressure, history of hypertension, and ICH growth were not. This study summarizes the evidence to date on early ICH prognosis and highlights that the amount and distribution of the initial bleed at hospital admission may be the most important factors to consider when predicting early clinical outcomes.
    PLoS ONE 05/2014; 9(5):e96743. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0096743 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Mohammad Al Mamun, Nahid Rumana, Yoshikuni Kita, Tanvir Chowdhury Turin
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    ABSTRACT: Detailed research initiatives are required to get a clear scenario on complete characterization of environmental triggers in relation to conventional cardiovascular risk factors.
    Environmental Pollution 04/2014; 189. DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2014.03.012 · 3.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Sex influences the cardiorenal risk associated with body mass index (BMI). We sought to investigate the role of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in adiposity-mediated cardiorenal risk profiles in healthy, non-obese men and women. Design and Methods: Systemic and renal hemodynamic responses to angiotensin-II (AngII) as a function of BMI, waist and hip circumference, waist-hip ratio, as well as fat and lean mass were measured in 18 men and 25 women in high-salt balance, stratified by BMI (<25kg/m(2) (ideal body weight (IBW)) vs. ≥25kg/m(2) (overweight)). Results: In men (n=7) and women (n=14) of IBW, BMI was not associated with the systolic blood pressure (SBP) response to AngII. In contrast, overweight men (29±2kg/m(2) ) demonstrated a progressively more blunted vasoconstrictor SBP response to AngII challenge as BMI increased (p=0.007), even after adjustment for covariates. Women maintained the same relationship between BMI and the SBP response to AngII irrespective of weight status (p=0.2, IBW vs. overweight women). Compared to BMI, other adiposity measures showed similar associations to systemic AngII responsiveness in men but not in women. Increasing BMI was associated with a blunted renovasoconstrictor response to AngII in all subjects, but was more pronounced in men. Conclusion: Sex influences the effect of adiposity on vascular angiotensin-responsiveness.
    Obesity 03/2014; 22(3). DOI:10.1002/oby.20608 · 4.39 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

979 Citations
540.56 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2015
    • The University of Calgary
      • • Department of Family Medicine
      • • Department of Medicine
      Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  • 2006–2014
    • Shiga University of Medical Science
      • Department of Health Science
      Ōtu, Shiga, Japan
  • 2011
    • Nagoya University
      • Department of Preventive Medicine
      Nagoya-shi, Aichi-ken, Japan
    • Iwate Medical University
      • Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine
      Morioka, Iwate, Japan
  • 2006–2009
    • Kyoto Women's University
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2007
    • Otsu Red Cross Hospital
      Ōtu, Shiga Prefecture, Japan