Publications (3)7.57 Total impact
Article: Surface electric field manipulation of the adsorption kinetics and biocatalytic properties of cytochrome c on a 3D macroporous Au electrode.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Upon adsorbing on a solid-state substrate, water-soluble proteins are prone to denaturation and deterioration of their functions due to the conformation change. The surface electric field of a conductive substrate is one of the important factors that influence the character of adsorbed proteins. In this work, a 3D macroporous gold electrode has been prepared and served as the working electrode to study the influence of surface electric field on the adsorption kinetics and conformation of the adsorbed cytochrome c (cyt-c) with the help of electrochemical, in situ electrochemical IR spectroscopic, atomic force microscopic, and contact angle measurements. The external electric field creates excess surface charge which can manipulate the adsorption rate of proteins on the substrate by the enhanced electrostatic interactions between the electrode and protein patches by coupling with complementary charges. The amount of immobilized cyt-c with electrochemical activity on the 3D macroporous gold electrode showed a minimum at potential of zero charge (PZC) and it increased with increasing net excess surface charge. Higher electric field could influence the conformation and the corresponding properties such as direct electrochemistry, bioactivity, and surface character of the adsorbed cyt-c molecules. However, high external electric field leads to damage of the protein secondary structure. This study provides fundamentals for the fabrication of biomolecular devices, biosensors, and biofuel cells through electrostatic interactions. [figure: see text] Two cases are illustrated for the protein immobilized on electrode surfaces: a retention of protein structure under moderate excess surface charge, b denaturation and conformation change of proteins adsorbed at high excess surface charge, e.g., due to the higher external electric field.Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 02/2008; 390(1):333-41. · 3.78 Impact Factor
Article: Study of the nonenzymatic glucose sensor based on highly dispersed Pt nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotubes.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An amperometric biosensor for sensitive and selective detection of glucose has been constructed by using highly dispersed Pt nanoparticles supported on carbon nanotubes (Pt-MWCNTs) as sensing interface. The Pt-MWCNTs were synthesized by using the two-step pyrolysis method. This composite shows good electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of glucose in alkaline and thus can be used to selectively detect glucose. We found that detection potential and Nafion amount covered on the Pt-MWCNTs modified glassy carbon electrode had considerable influence on the selectivity for amperometric detection of glucose. Under optimal detection conditions (detection potential of 0.0V versus SCE and 10muL 1.5% Nafion), selective detection of glucose in the glucose concentration range of 1.0-26.5mM (correlation coefficient, >0.999) can be performed. The results demonstrate that the Pt-MWCNTs composite is promising for the fabrication of nonenzymatic glucose sensors.Talanta 04/2007; 72(2):819-24. · 3.79 Impact Factor
Article: Hydrogen bubble dynamic template synthesis of porous gold for nonenzymatic electrochemical detection of glucose[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Gold (Au) films with open interconnected macroporous walls and nanoparticles have been successfully sculptured using the hydrogen bubble dynamic template synthesis followed by a galvanic replacement reaction. Copper (Cu) films with open interconnected macroporous walls and nanoparticles were synthesized using the electrochemically generated hydrogen bubbles as a dynamic template. Then through a galvanic replacement reaction between the porous Cu sacrificial templates and KAu(CN)2 in solution, the porous Cu films were converted to porous Au films with the similar morphologies. Additional electrochemical dealloying process was introduced to remove the remaining Cu from the porous Au films. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electrochemical methods were adopted to characterize the porous Au films. The resulted porous Au films show excellent catalytic activity toward the electrooxidation of glucose. A nonenzymatic glucose sensor based on those Au film electrodes shows a linear range from 2 to 10 mM with a sensitivity of 11.8 μA cm−2 mM−1, and a detection limit of 5 μM.Electrochemistry Communications.