ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE-SUMO4 mRNA was recently found to be mainly expressed in the kidney, and the methionine-to-valine substitution at codon 55 (M55V) variant of SUMO4 may induce higher nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity. Because NF-kappaB is known to mediate the development of diabetic nephropathy, we examined the association between the SUMO4 M55V variant and the severity of diabetic nephropathy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-We recruited a total of 430 patients with type 2 diabetes. The M55V (rs237025, 163A-->G) polymorphism of SUMO4 was genotyped by real-time PCR, and urine albumin concentration was measured by radioimmunoassay. RESULTS-The frequencies of SUMO4 AA, GA, and GG were 52.6, 40.7, and 6.7%, respectively, in the normoalbuminuric group; 45.5, 47.3, and 7.1% in the microalbuminuric group; and 36.9, 46.2, and 16.9% in the macroalbuminuric group. We detected a significant linear trend for SUMO4 genotype between the macroalbuminuric and normoalbuminuric groups. The mean urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (42.3 +/- 108.82 mg/mmol) in the GG group was significantly higher than in the AA (14.9 +/- 51.49 mg/mmol) and GA (17.0 +/- 43.74 mg/mmol) groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed the SUMO4 M55V variant to be independently associated with the severity of diabetic nephropathy. CONCLUSIONS-This study indicates that the SUMO4 gene M55V variant is associated with severity of diabetic nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes 04/2007; 56(4):1177-80. · 8.29 Impact Factor