Chi Wu

Guangdong Medical College, Bao'an, Guangdong, China

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Publications (2)5.87 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Although it has been recognized that ectopic follicle-like B cell aggregate formation is common in the lungs of patients with tuberculosis, the role of infiltrated B cells in human tuberculosis remains to be elucidated. In the present study, we showed that ectopic B cell aggregate formation was associated with containment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The area ratio of ectopic B cell aggregates was correlated with localized IL-17 mRNA expression and peripheral TGF-β and IL-6 mRNA expression. Depletion of B cells from pleural fluid mononuclear cells resulted in significantly diminished M. tuberculosis antigen-specific IL-17 and IL-22 production, but not in IFN-γ secretion. Therefore, ectopic lung B cell formation is important for containment of M. tuberculosis, and up-regulation of IL-17 and IL-22 responses may be an important mechanism underlying the protective role B cells in human tuberculosis.
    Cellular Immunology 12/2011; 270(2):217-23. DOI:10.1016/j.cellimm.2011.05.009 · 1.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) play a central role in the prevention of autoimmunity and in the control of immune responses by down-regulating the function of effector CD4(+) or CD8(+) T cells. The role of Treg in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and persistence is inadequately documented. Therefore, the current study was designed to determine whether CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells may modulate immunity against human tuberculosis (TB). Our results indicate that the number of CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) Treg increases in the blood or at the site of infection in active TB patients. The frequency of CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) Treg in pleural fluid inversely correlates with local MTB-specific immunity (p<0.002). These CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) T lymphocytes isolated from the blood and pleural fluid are capable of suppressing MTB-specific IFN-gamma and IL-10 production in TB patients. Therefore, CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) Treg expanded in TB patients suppress M. tuberculosis immunity and may therefore contribute to the pathogenesis of human TB.
    Clinical Immunology 04/2007; 123(1):50-9. DOI:10.1016/j.clim.2006.11.009 · 3.99 Impact Factor