S. Galleti

National Institute of Astrophysics, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (58)120.31 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We present a detailed study of the stellar and HI structure of the dwarf irregular galaxy Sagittarius. We use new deep and wide field photometry to trace the surface brightness profile of the galaxy out to ~5.0' (corresponding to ~1600 pc) and down to $\mu_V\simeq 30.0$ mag/arcsec$^2$, thus showing that the stellar body of the galaxy is much more extended than previously believed, and it is similarly (or more) extended than the overall HI distribution. The whole major-axis profile is consistent with a pure exponential, with a scale radius of $\simeq 340$ pc. The surface density maps reveal that the distribution of old and intermediate-age stars is smooth and remarkably flattened out to its edges, while the associated HI has a much rounder shape, is off-centred and presents multiple density maxima and a significant hole. No clear sign of systemic rotation is detectable in the complex HI velocity field. No metallicity gradient is detected in the old and intermediate age population of the galaxy, and we confirm that this population has a much more extended distribution than young stars (age$\lt 1$ Gyr).
    09/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a detailed study of the stellar and HI structure of the dwarf irregular galaxies SextansA and SextansB, members of the NGC3109 association. We use newly obtained deep (r~26.5) and wide field g,r photometry to extend the Surface Brightness (SB) profiles of the two galaxies down to mu_V~ 31.0 mag/arcsec^2. We find that both galaxies are significantly more extended than what previously traced with surface photometry, out to ~4 kpc from their centers along their major axis. Older stars are found to have more extended distribution with respect to younger populations. We obtain the first estimate of the mean metallicity for the old stars in SexB, from the color distribution of the Red Giant Branch, <[Fe/H]>=-1.6. The SB profiles show significant changes of slope and cannot be fitted with a single Sersic model. Both galaxies have HI discs as massive as their respective stellar components. In both cases the HI discs display solid-body rotation with maximum amplitude of ~50 km/s (albeit with significant uncertainty due to the poorly constrained inclination), implying a dynamical mass ~10^{9}~M_sun, a mass-to-light ratio M/L_V~25 and a dark-to-barionic mass ratio of ~10. The distribution of the stellar components is more extended than the gaseous disc in both galaxies. We find that the main, approximately round-shaped, stellar body of Sex~A is surrounded by an elongated low-SB stellar halo that can be interpreted as a tidal tail, similar to that found in another member of the same association (Antlia). We discuss these, as well as other evidences of tidal disturbance, in the framework of a past passage of the NGC3109 association close to the Milky Way, that has been hypothesized by several authors and is also supported by the recently discovered filamentary configuration of the association itself.
    04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The paper describes the spectrophotometric instrument of Gaia ESA's mission and the principles of the internal and absolute calibrations of the measurements. Special emphasis is made on the ongoing observational survey aimed at building a grid of about 200 spectrophotometric standard stars, with an internal precision of 1% and tied to Vega within a few percent, for the absolute flux calibration of Gaia photometry. Until now, more than 400 observing nights were devoted to the project, distributed in several observatories (CAHA in Almería, TNG in La Palma, NTT in La Silla, San Pedro Mártir in México, Loiano in Italy, and many partial nights with robotic REM in La Silla) and for both spectroscopic and photometric campaigns (Pancino et al. 2012, MNRAS, 426, 1767). Additional observations are still needed for finalising the absolute photometric calibrations and for continuing the monitoring of variability (short and long term) in order to discard non optimal candidates.
    05/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We present the results of a first global analysis of the Horizontal Branch morphology of Globular Clusters in the nearby spiral M31, based on their Color Magnitude Diagrams.
    Memorie della Societa Astronomica Italiana. 01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Tables g58.dat, g108.dat, g105.dat, g219.dat, b468.dat, g1.dat, g64.dat, g87.dat, g119.dat, g287.dat, g302.dat, g11.dat, g33.dat, g76.dat, g312.dat, g319.dat, g322.dat present the photometry of the individual stars of 17 M31 globular clusters observed with the WFPC2 on board of the HST, employing the F555W/F814W filters (Fusi Pecci et al. 1996AJ....112.1461F (FFP96), Rich et al. 2005AJ....129.2670R (R05)). The data reduction has been performed using ROMAFOT (Buonanno et al. 1983A&A...126..278B), a multicomponent fitting package purposely adapted to handle HST data, that provides as output the magnitudes and the pixel positions of the detected sources. The CTE-corrected photometric data were converted to the Johnson-Cousins V,I magnitudes according to Holtzman et al (1995PASP..107..156H). Table g351.dat presents the photometry of the individual stars of the M31 globular cluster B405-G351 observed with the HST/COSTAR-corrected FOC + the F430W/F480LP filters. The data reduction has been performed using ROMAFOT; the photometric data were converted to the Johnson-Cousins system B,V magnitudes (see FFP96). Tables gc1.dat, gc2.dat, gc3.dat, gc5.dat, gc6.dat, gc7.dat, gc8.dat, gc9.dat, gc10.dat, gc4.dat, ec1.dat, ec2.dat, ec3.dat, ec4.dat present the photometry of the individual stars of 14 M31 globular clusters observed with the WFC/ACS on board of the HST + F435W/F606W filters (see Galleti et al., 2006ApJ...650L.107G; Mackey et al., 2007ApJ...655L..85M; Mackey et al., 2006ApJ...653L.105M). The data reduction has been performed using the ACS module of DOLPHOT, a point spread function-fitting package specifically devoted to the photometry of HST data, that provides as output the magnitudes and the pixel positions of the detected sources, and a number of quality parameters for a suitable sample selection. The tables present, for the ACS chip holding the cluster, all the stars with valid measurements in both passbands, global quality flag=1, crowding parameter <0.5, chi-square parameter<1.5 if V>23.5,and <2.5 if V<23.5 and sharpness parameter between -0.3 and 0.3. The x,y coordinates, the magnitudes both in the Vegamag and in the Johnson-Cousins system, the global parameters 'chi', signal to noise, sharpness, and the ACS_WFC chip number are listed for each of the selected stars. BVI photometry for the clusters B008-G060, B010-G062, B023-G078, B088-G150, B158-G213, B220-G275, B224-G279, B225-G280, B366-G291, B407-G352,B255D-D072, B292-G010, B336-G067, B337-G068, B350-G162, and B531 has been taken from the CDS catalogs J/A+A/507/1375 (Perina et al., 2009) and J/A+A/531/A155 (Perina et al., 2011). (33 data files).
    VizieR Online Data Catalog. 01/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: We use deep, high quality color magnitude diagrams obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope to compute a simplified version of the Mironov index (SMI; B/(B+R)) to parametrize the horizontal branch (HB) morphology for 23 globular clusters in the M 31 galaxy (Sample A), all located in the outer halo at projected distances between 10 kpc and 100 kpc. This allows us to compare them with their Galactic counterparts, for which we estimated the SMI exactly in the same way, in the SMI vs. [Fe/H] plane. We find that the majority of the considered M 31 clusters lie in a significantly different locus, in this plane, with respect to Galactic clusters lying at any distance from the center of the Milky Way. In particular they have redder HB morphologies at a given metallicity, or, in other words, clusters with the same SMI value are ≈ 0.4 dex more metal rich in the Milky Way than in M 31. We discuss the possible origin of this difference and we conclude that the most likely explanation is that many globular clusters in the outer halo of M 31 formed ≈1-2 Gyr later than their counterparts in the outer halo of the Milky Way, while differences in the cluster-to-cluster distribution of He abundance of individual stars may also play a role. The analysis of another sample of 25 bright M 31 clusters (eighteen of them with MV ≤ -9.0, Sample B), whose SMI estimates are much more uncertain as they are computed on shallow color magnitude diagrams, suggests that extended blue HB tails can be relatively frequent among the most massive M 31 globular clusters, possibly hinting at the presence of multiple populations. Based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained from the Hubble Legacy Archive, which is a collaboration between the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI/NASA), the Space Telescope European Coordinating Facility (ST-ECF/ESA) and the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre (CADC/NRC/CSA). STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 10/2012; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We describe two ground based observing campaigns aimed at building a grid of approximately 200 spectrophotometric standard stars (SPSS), with an internal ~1% precision and tied to Vega within ~3%, for the absolute flux calibration of data gathered by Gaia, the ESA astrometric mission. The criteria for the selection and a list of candidates are presented, together with a description of the survey strategy and the adopted data analysis methods. We also discuss a short list of notable rejected SPSS candidates and difficult cases, based on identification problems, literature discordant data, visual companions, and variability. In fact, all candidates are also monitored for constancy (within \pm5 mmag, approximately). In particular, we report on a CALSPEC standard, 1740346, that we found to be a delta Scuti variable during our short-term monitoring (1-2 h) campaign.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 07/2012; 426(3). · 5.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thanks to the outstanding capabilites of the HST, our current knowledge about the M31 globular clusters (GCs) is similar to our knowledge of the Milky Way GCs in the 1960s-1970s, which set the basis for studying the halo and galaxy formation using these objects as tracers, and established their importance in defining the cosmic distance scale. We intend to derive a new calibration of the M_V(HB)-[Fe/H] relation by exploiting the large photometric database of old GCs in M31 in the HST archive. We collected the BVI data for 48 old GCs in M31 and analysed them by applying the same methods and procedures to all objects. We obtained a set of homogeneous colour-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) that were best-fitted with the fiducial CMD ridge lines of selected Milky Way template GCs. Reddening, metallicity, Horizontal Branch (HB) luminosity and distance were determined self-consistently for each cluster. There are three main results of this study: i) the relation M_V(HB)=(0.25+/-0.02)[Fe/H]+(0.89+/-0.03), which is obtained from the above parameters and is calibrated on the distances of the template Galactic GCs; ii) the distance modulus to M31 of (m-M)_0=24.42+/-0.06 mag, obtained by normalising this relation at the reference value of [Fe/H]=-1.5 to a similar relation using V_0(HB). This is the first determination of the distance to M31 based on the characteristics of its GC system which is calibrated on Galactic GCs; iii) the distance to the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), which is estimated to be 18.54+/-0.07 mag as a consequence of the previous results. These values agree excellently with the most recent estimate based on HST parallaxes of Galactic Cepheid and RR Lyrae stars, as well as with recent methods.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 07/2012; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Magnitudes (in the ACS-WFC VEGAMAG system), positions and crowding parameter (CRO) for 69795 stars in the considered HST ACS-WFC field (dwarf galaxy VV124). In the paper the analysis is limited to the subsample of 44894 stars having CRO
    VizieR Online Data Catalog. 07/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: We present deep (V ~ 28.0) BV photometry obtained with the wide field channel of the Advanced Camera for Surveys on board HST for four M31 globular clusters that were identified as candidate intermediate-age (age ~ 1-9 Gyr) by various authors, based on their integrated spectra and/or broad/intermediate-band colors. Two of them (B292 and B350) display an obvious blue horizontal branch, indicating that they are as old as the oldest Galactic globulars. On the other hand, for the other two (B058 and B337), which display red horizontal branches, it was not possible either to confirm or disconfirm the age estimate from integrated spectra. The analysis of the distribution in the spectral indices Mg2 and H_beta of the M31 and Milky Way clusters whose horizontal branch can be classified as red or blue based on existing CMDs, strongly suggests that classical age diagnostics from integrated spectra may be significantly influenced by the HB morphology of the clusters and can lead to erroneous age-classifications. We also provide the CMD for another two clusters that fall into the field of the main targets, B336, an old and metal-poor globular with a significant population of RR-Lyrae variables, and the newly discovered B531, a cluster with a very red red giant branch.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 06/2011; 531. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present deep V and I photometry of the isolated dwarf galaxy VV124=UGC 4879, obtained from archival images taken with the Hubble Space Telescope - Advanced Camera for Surveys. In the color-magnitude diagrams of stars at distances greater than 40" from the center of the galaxy, we clearly identify a well-populated, old horizontal branch (HB) for the first time. We show that the distribution of these stars is more extended than that of red clump stars. This implies that very old and metal-poor populations dominate in the outskirts of VV124. We also identify a massive (M = 1.2 ± 0.2 × 104 M&sun;) young (age = 250 ± 50 Myr) star cluster (C1), as well as another of younger age (C2, &lsim;30 ± 10 Myr) with a mass similar to classical open clusters (M
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 01/2011; 533. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present a detailed study of the dwarf galaxy VV124, recently recognized as a isolated member of the Local Group. We have obtained deep (r=26.5) wide-field g,r photometry of individual stars with the LBT under sub-arcsec seeing conditions. The Color-Magnitude Diagram suggests that the stellar content of the galaxy is dominated by an old, metal-poor population, with a significant metallicity spread. A very clean detection of the RGB tip allows us to derive an accurate distance of D=1.3 +/- 0.1 Mpc. Combining surface photometry with star counts, we are able to trace the surface brightness profile of VV124 out to ~ 5' = 1.9 kpc radius (where mu_r=30 mag/arcsec^2), showing that it is much more extended than previously believed. Moreover, the surface density map reveals the presence of two symmetric flattened wings emanating from the central elongated spheroid and aligned with its major axis, resembling a stellar disk seen nearly edge-on. We also present HI observations obtained with the WSRT, the first ever of this object. A total amount of 10^6 M_sun of HI gas is detected in VV124. Compared to the total luminosity, this gives a value of M_HI/L_V=0.11, which is particularly low for isolated Local Group dwarfs. The spatial distribution of the gas does not correlate with the observed stellar wings. The systemic velocity of the HI in the region superposed to the stellar main body of the galaxy is V_h=-25 km/s. The velocity field shows substructures typical of galaxies of this size but no sign of rotation. The HI spectra indicates the presence of a two-phase interstellar medium, again typical of many dwarf galaxies. Comment: Accepted for publication in A&A. 19 pages, 20 reduced-resolution figures, pdflatex, A&A style. The full resolution pdf file can be be downloaded from http://www.bo.astro.it/SGR/
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 12/2010; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We study the long-term, S Dor-type variability and the present hot phase of the luminous blue variable (LBV) star GR 290 (Romano's Star) in M 33 in order to investigate possible links between the LBV and the late, nitrogen sequence Wolf-Rayet Stars (WNL) stages of very massive stars. We use intermediate-resolution spectra, obtained with the William Herschel Telescope (WHT) in 2008 December, when GR 290 was at minimum (V = ~18.6), as well as new low-resolution spectra and BVRI photometry obtained with the Loiano and Cima Ekar telescopes during 2007-2010. We identify more than 80 emission lines in the 3100-10000 Å range covered by the WHT spectra, belonging to different species: the hydrogen Balmer and Paschen series, neutral and ionized helium, C III, N II-III, S IV, Si III-IV, and many forbidden lines of [N II], [O III], [S III], [A III], [Ne III], and [Fe III]. Many lines, especially the He I triplets, show a P Cygni profile with an a-e radial velocity difference of –300 to –500 km s–1. The shape of the 4630-4713 Å emission blend and of other emission lines resembles that of WN9 stars; the blend deconvolution shows that the He II 4686 Å has a strong broad component with FWHM 1700 km s–1. During 2003-2010 the star underwent large spectral variations, best seen in the 4630-4686 Å emission feature. Using the late-WN spectral types of Crowther & Smith, GR 290 apparently varied between the WN11 and WN8-9 spectral types; the hotter the star was the fainter its visual magnitude was. This spectrum-visual luminosity anticorrelation of GR 290 is reminiscent of the behavior of the best-studied LBVs, such as S Dor and AG Car. During the 2008 minimum, we found a significant decrease in bolometric luminosity, which could be attributed to absorption by newly formed circumstellar matter. We suggest that the broad 4686 Å line and the optical continuum formed in a central Wolf-Rayet region, while the narrow emission line spectrum originated in an extended, slowly expanding envelope which is composed by matter ejected during previous high luminosity phases and ionized by the central nucleus. We argue that GR 290 could have just entered a phase preceding the transition from the LBV state to a late-WN type.
    The Astronomical Journal 12/2010; 141(1):18. · 4.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We study the long term, S Dor-type variability and the present hot phase of the LBV star GR290 (Romano's Star) in M33 in order to investigate possible links between the LBV and WNL stages of very massive stars. We use intermediate resolution spectra, obtained with WHT in December 2008, when GR290 was at minimum (V = 18.6), as well as new low resolution spectra and B V R I photometry obtained with the Loiano and Cima Ekar telescopes during 2007-2010. We identify more than 80 emission lines in the 3100-10000 A range, belonging to different species and to forbidden transitions. Many lines, especially the HeI triplets, show a P Cygni profile with an a-e radial velocity difference from -300 to -500 km/s. The shape of the 4630-4713 A emission blend and of other emission lines resembles that of WN9 stars; the blend deconvolution shows that the HeII 4686 A has a strong broad component with FWHM \simeq 1700 km/s. During 2003-2010 the star underwent large spectral variations, best seen in the 4630-4686 A emission feature. Using the late-WN spectral types of Crowther & Smith (1997), GR290 apparently varied between the WN11 and WN8-9 spectral types, the hotter being the star the fainter its visual magnitude. This spectrum-visual luminosity anticorrelation of GR290 is reminiscent of the behaviour of the best studied LBVs. During the 2008 minimum we find a significant decrease in bolometric luminosity, which could be attributed to absorption by newly formed circumstellar matter. We suggest that, presently, the broad 4686 A line and the optical continuum are formed in a central WR region, while the narrow emission line spectrum originate in an extended, slowly expanding envelope, that is composed by matter ejected during previous high luminosity phases, and ionized by the central nucleus. GR290 could have just entered in a phase preceeding the transition from the LBV state to late WN type. Comment: AJ in press
    10/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: New empirical relations of [Fe/H] as a function of [MgFe] and Mg2 indices are based on the well-studied galactic globular clusters, complemented with theoretical model predictions for -0.2
    VizieR Online Data Catalog. 04/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: {Aims.} We present the main results of an imaging survey of possible young massive clusters (YMC) in M31 performed with the Wide Field and Planetary Camera2 (WFPC2) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). We present the images and color magnitude diagrams (CMDs) of all of our targets. {Methods.} The reddening, age and, metallicity of the clusters were estimated by comparing the observed CMDs and luminosity functions with theoretical models. Stellar masses were estimated by comparison with theoretical models in the log(Age) vs. absolute integrated magnitude plane. {Results.} Nineteen of the twenty surveyed candidates were confirmed to be real star clusters. Three of the clusters were found not to be good YMC candidates from newly available integrated spectroscopy and were in fact found to be old from their CMD. Of the remaining sixteen clusters, fourteen have ages between 25 Myr and 280 Myr, two have older ages than 500 Myr (lower limits). By including ten other YMC with HST photometry from the literature we have assembled a sample of 25 clusters younger than 1 Gyr, with mass ranging from 0.6 x 10^4 M_sun to 6 x 10^4 M_sun, with an average of ~ 3 x 10^4 M_sun. {Conclusions.} The clusters considered here are confirmed to have masses significantly higher than Galactic open clusters in the same age range. Our analysis indicates that YMCs are relatively common in all the largest star-forming galaxies of the Local Group. Comment: 31 pages, 21 figures (quality of Figures 1 and 2 reduced), uses longtable.sty. Accepted for publication in Astronomy and Astrophysics. A high-resolution version of the paper is available at http://www.bo.astro.it/M31/YMC
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 11/2009; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tables B008.dat,B010.dat,B023.dat,B088.dat,B158.dat,B220.dat,B224.dat, B225.dat, B255D.dat,B366.dat,B407.dat present the photometry of the individual stars of 11 M31 globular clusters. The observations were carried out with the ACS on board of the HST, employing the HRC+F606W/F814W filters for B023,B158,B225,and the WFC+ F606W/F814W/F435W for the other clusters. The data reduction has been performed using the ACS module of DOLPHOT, a point spread function-fitting package specifically devoted to the photometry of HST data, that provides as output the magnitudes and the pixel positions of the detected sources, and a number of quality parameters for a suitable sample selection. The tables present, for the chip holding the cluster, all the stars with valid measurements in both passbands, global quality flag=1, crowding parameter
    VizieR Online Data Catalog. 11/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a new homogeneous set of metallicity estimates based on Lick indices for 245 old globular clusters of the M31 galaxy comprised in the Revised Bologna Catalog. The metallicity distribution of the M31 globular clusters is briefly discussed and compared with that of the Milky Way. Simple parametric statistics suggests that the [Fe/H] distribution is likely not unimodal. The strong correlation between metallicity and kinematics found in previous studies is confirmed. The most metal-rich GCs tend to be packed at the center of the system and share the galactic rotation as traced by the HI disk. Although the velocity dispersion around the curve increases with decreasing metallicity, also clusters with [Fe/H]<-1.0 display a clear rotational pattern, at odds with their Milky Way counterparts. Comment: 25 pages with 17 figures and 2 Appendices - To appear on Astronomy & Astrophysics
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 10/2009; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Context. NGC 205 is a peculiar dwarf elliptical galaxy hosting in its center a population of young blue stars. Their origin is still matter of debate, the central fresh star formation activity possibly being related to dynamical interactions between NGC 205 and M31. Aims. The star formation history in the central 30\arcsec ($\sim$120 pc) around the NGC 205 central nucleus is investigated in order to obtain clues to the origin of the young stellar population. Methods. Deep HST/ACS CCD photometry is compared with theoretical isochrones and luminosity functions to characterize the stellar content of the region under study and compute the recent SF rate. Results. Our photometry reveals a previously undetected blue plume of young stars clearly distinguishable down to I$\simeq$26. Our analysis suggests that 1.9$\times10^5$ M$_\odot$ were produced between approximately 62 Myr and 335 Myr ago in the NGC 205 inner regions, with a latest minor episode occurring $\sim$25 Myr ago. This implies a star formation rate of $\sim7\times10^{-4}$ M$_\odot$/yr over this period. Conclusions. The excellent fit of the observed luminosity function of young main sequence stars obtained with a model having a constant star formation rate argues against a tidally triggered star formation activity over the last $\sim$300 Myr. Rather, a constant SF may be consistent with NGC 205 being on its first interaction with M 31. Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, accepted for publication in A&A letters
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 06/2009; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims. We introduce our imaging survey of possible young massive globular clusters in M31 performed with the Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). We obtained shallow (to B ~ 25) photometry of individual stars in 20 candidate clusters. We present here details of the data reduction pipeline that is being applied to all the survey data and describe its application to the brightest among our targets, van den Bergh 0 (VdB0), taken as a test case. Methods. Point spread function fitting photometry of individual stars was obtained for all the WFPC2 images of VdB0 and the completeness of the final samples was estimated using an extensive set of artificial stars experiments. The reddening, the age and the metallicity of the cluster were estimated by comparing the observed color magnitude diagram (CMD) with theoretical isochrones. Structural parameters were obtained from model-fitting to the intensity profiles measured within circular apertures on the WFPC2 images. Results. Under the most conservative assumptions, the stellar mass of VdB0 is M> 2.4 x 10^4 M_☉ , but our best estimates lie in the range ≃4-9 x 10^4 M_☉. The CMD of VdB0 is best reproduced by models having solar metallicity and age ≃25 Myr. Ages less than ≃12 Myr and greater than ≃60 Myr are clearly ruled out by the available data. The cluster has a remarkable number of red super giants (≳18) and a CMD very similar to Large Magellanic Cloud clusters usually classified as young globulars such as NGC 1850, for example. Conclusions. VdB0 is significantly brighter (≳1 mag) than Galactic open clusters of similar age. Its present-day mass and half-light radius ((r_h = 7.4 pc) are more typical of faint globular clusters than of open clusters. However, given its position within the disk of M31, it is expected to be destroyed by dynamical effects, in particular by encounters with giant molecular clouds, within the next ~4 Gyr.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 02/2009; · 5.08 Impact Factor