[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) is expressed in hematopoietic progenitor cells. An internal tandem duplication (ITD) of FLT3 (FLT3/ITD) is the most frequent mutation in human adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). FLT3/ITD contributes to the constitutive activation of FLT3 itself and its downstream signal components, mitogen-activated protein kinase and signal transducers and activators of transcription 5 (STAT5), and enables interleukin (IL)-3-dependent cell lines to grow autonomously. In the present study, we showed the specific association of FLT3/ITD with Lyn, which led to the phosphorylation of Lyn in vivo. We also demonstrated that FLT3/ITD receptors displayed a higher affinity to bind to Lyn than wild-type FLT3 receptors in vitro and that this affinity was relative to the intensity of tyrosil phosphorylation of the receptor. Both treatment with small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting Lyn and the Src family kinase inhibitor PP2 suppressed the IL-3-independent growth of FLT3/ITD-expressing 32D cells (FLT3/ITD-32D), reducing the constitutive phosphorylation of Lyn and STAT5. PP2 treatment of mice transplanted with FLT3/ITD-32D cells blocked the onset of tumors and decreased the size of established tumors. These results demonstrate that Lyn is an important component of the signal transduction pathway specific to FLT3/ITD and can be a therapeutic target in the treatment of AML with FLT3/ITD.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The transcription factor GATA-1 plays a significant role in erythroid differentiation and association with CBP stimulates its activity by acetylation. It is possible that histone deacetylases (HDACs) repress the activity of GATA-1. In the present study, we investigated whether class I and class II HDACs interact with GATA-1 to regulate its function and indeed, GATA-1 is directly associated with HDAC3, HDAC4 and HDAC5. The expression profiling and our previous observation that GATA-2 interacts with members of the HDAC family prompted us to investigate further the biological relevance of the interaction between GATA-1 and HDAC5. Coexpression of HDAC5 suppressed the transcriptional potential of GATA-1. Our results demonstrated that GATA-1 and HDAC5 colocalized to the nucleus of murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells. Furthermore, a portion of HDAC5 moved to the cytoplasm concomitant with MEL cell erythroid differentiation, which was induced by treatment with N,N'-hexamethylenebisacetamide. These observations support the suggestion that control of the HDAC5 nucleocytoplasmic distribution might be associated with MEL cell differentiation, possibly through regulated GATA-1 transactivation.