Christopher D Rittey

Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (8)10.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In comparison to hypotonia, hypertonia is less commonly expressed in the neonatal period. The scientific literature on the causes of neonatal hypertonia is scant, with no suggested diagnostic algorithm easily available to clinicians. Aetiologies include conditions affecting the central nervous system and spine, and rare peripheral neuromuscular disorders leading to hypertonia. Aetiology onset may be antepartum, peripartum with either transient hypertonia or persistent hypertonia which may appear later, or from a postnatal event/disease. This review discusses neonatal hypertonia and a diagnostic approach to neonatal hypertonia is suggested.
    Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 12/2014; · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperventilation-induced high-amplitude rhythmic slow activity with altered awareness (HIHARS) is increasingly being identified in children and is thought to be an age-related non-epileptic electrographic phenomenon. We retrospectively investigated the clinical outcome in 15 children (six males, nine females) with HIHARS (mean age 7y, SD 1y 11mo; range 4y 6mo-11y). The presenting feature in 11 cases was blank spells - two of these children also had generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) - and in one individual the main concern was deteriorating school performance. Three children had symptoms suggestive of focal motor seizures. Of the nine children presenting solely with blank spells, further follow-up (mean duration 18mo, SD 21mo) revealed full resolution of symptoms in six, but three had persistent symptoms. In our study, the symptoms of children with HIHARS presenting with blank spells in isolation appeared to resolve spontaneously and did not evolve into convulsive seizures or other paroxysmal events considered to be clearly epileptic. Children (with HIHARS) who presented with clinical features suggestive of GTCS or focal motor seizures (with or without blank spells) and/or had epileptiform discharges on interictal electroencephalography were subsequently diagnosed with epilepsy.
    Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 06/2012; 54(11):1001-5. · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Bilateral striatal necrosis is usually associated with either endogenous or exogenous toxins, and with poor neurodevelopmental outcomes. We describe two patients with acute bilateral striatal clinical syndrome and magnetic resonance signal changes who made a complete clinical and radiologic recovery within 3 months. After an uneventful pregnancy, normal birth, and normal development, both boys presented at ages 3 and 5 years, respectively, after a viral illness with slurring of speech, bradykinesia, and an extrapyramidal movement disorder. On examination, both manifested bilateral cog wheel rigidity, with a broad-based gait and flexor plantar response. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging in both children indicated bilateral, symmetric, high signal changes in the lentiform nucleus, predominately in the putamen, with sparing of the globus pallidi bilaterally. The brain parenchyma was otherwise normal. Neurometabolic investigations produced normal results in both patients. The pathogenesis is uncertain, but could be immune-mediated. Both children, at 3-year and 1-year follow-ups, respectively, are doing well neurologically and academically. Our patients demonstrate that abnormal imaging findings during acute stages do not preclude good clinical and radiologic recovery.
    Pediatric Neurology 01/2012; 46(1):51-3. · 1.42 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - EUR J PAEDIATR NEUROL. 01/2011; 15.
  • European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - EUR J PAEDIATR NEUROL. 01/2009; 13.
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    ABSTRACT: Skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) arising from the sphenoidal paranasal air sinus infection without associated external otitis is rare. Initially SBO may have headache as the only symptom with cranial neuropathies occurring later. We report a 10-year-old immunocompetent girl with headache and chronic sinusitis, who developed a lateral medullary syndrome following streptococcal milleri sphenoidal osteomyelitis.
    European Journal of Paediatric Neurology 04/2007; 11(2):111-4. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Levetiracetam (LEV) is a novel antiepileptic drug (AED) that has recently obtained marketing authorisation for use in children. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy, tolerability and retention rate of LEV in children with refractory epilepsies. It is a retrospective multicentre observational study reporting the use of LEV in 200 children, aged 0.3-19 years (median 9-years-old) over a 4-year period. All of the patients included in the study had refractory epilepsy with a median age of onset of epilepsy of 3 years (range 0-13 years). The 38% had failed and withdrawn 3 or more AEDs previously and 24% were taking at least 2 other AEDs in addition to LEV. The 47% had focal, and 58% had symptomatic epilepsies. The LEV dose ranged from 8 to 100 mg/kg/day (mean 39 mg/kg). The study comprised 215 person years of LEV exposure. RESULTS: LEV was well tolerated with a retention rate of 49% at 1 year. No serious adverse events were reported with possibly related adverse events reported in only 24% of patients (mainly emotional or behavioural changes). At more than 2, 6 and 12 months, worthwhile improvement (>50% seizure reduction) was noted in 60, 40 and 32%, including seizure freedom in 14, 14 and 5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our results confirm the efficacy and tolerability of LEV in children with refractory epilepsies and demonstrate good response and retention rates at 12 months. It represents the largest cohort of paediatric patients published so far on LEV with a 1-year follow-up.
    Seizure 03/2007; 16(2):185-9. · 2.00 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - EUR J PAEDIATR NEUROL. 01/2007; 11:128-128.