Publications (2)10.48 Total impact
Article: Myocarditis in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients presenting acute clinical deterioration.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We sought to determine whether myocarditis can be a major cause of acute electrical instability or clinical deterioration in HCM patients. A total of 119 HCM patients (69 M/50F, mean age 41 +/- 8), 42 with acute clinical deterioration and 77 clinically stable, underwent cardiac catheterization with left ventricular endomyocardial biopsy and gene analysis of major sarcomeric proteins. Endomyocardial tissue was processed for histology, immunohistochemistry, and polymerase chain reaction for the most common cardiotropic viruses. Controls were surgical samples from 50 patients with mitral stenosis. All 119 patients showed histological findings suggestive of HCM. In addition, CD45RO+ lymphocytes (> or =14/mm(2)) with focal necrosis of the adjacent severely hypertrophied and often disorganized myocytes, consistent with an overlapping active myocarditis, were observed in 28 of 42 unstable and none of 77 stable HCM patients. A viral genome was detected in 14 of 28 patients with myocarditis and in none of HCM patients without and in none of controls. No correlation between sarcomeric protein gene mutations and HCM clinical profile was observed. Myocarditis, often viral, represents a common cause of acute clinical deterioration in HCM. Its recognition can potentially affect disease prognosis and treatment.European Heart Journal 03/2007; 28(6):733-40. · 10.48 Impact Factor
Article: Marked elevation of myocardial trace elements in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy compared with secondary cardiac dysfunction[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVESWe sought to investigate the possible pathogenetic role of myocardial trace elements (TE) in patients with various forms of cardiac failure.BACKGROUNDBoth myocardial TE accumulation and deficiency have been associated with the development of heart failure indistinguishable from an idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.METHODSMyocardial and muscular content of 32 TE has been assessed in biopsy samples of 13 patients (pts) with clinical, hemodynamic and histologic diagnosis of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM), all without past or current exposure to TE. One muscular and one left ventricular (LV) endomyocardial specimen from each patient, drawn with metal contamination-free technique, were analyzed by neutron activation analysis and compared with 1) similar surgical samples from patients with valvular (12 pts) and ischemic (13 pts) heart disease comparable for age and degree of LV dysfunction; 2) papillary and skeletal muscle surgical biopsies from 10 pts with mitral stenosis and normal LV function, and 3) LV endomyocardial biopsies from four normal subjects.RESULTSA large increase (>10,000 times for mercury and antimony) of TE concentration has been observed in myocardial but not in muscular samples in all pts with IDCM. Patients with secondary cardiac dysfunction had mild increase (≤5 times) of myocardial TE and normal muscular TE. In particular, in pts with IDCM mean mercury concentration was 22,000 times (178,400 ng/g vs. 8 ng/g), antimony 12,000 times (19,260 ng/g vs. 1.5 ng/g), gold 11 times (26 ng/g vs. 2.3 ng/g), chromium 13 times (2,300 ng/g vs. 177 ng/g) and cobalt 4 times (86,5 ng/g vs. 20 ng/g) higher than in control subjects.CONCLUSIONSA large, significant increase of myocardial TE is present in IDCM but not in secondary cardiac dysfunction. The increased concentration of TE in pts with IDCM may adversely affect mitochondrial activity and myocardial metabolism and worsen cellular function.Journal of the American College of Cardiology.