Naim Issa

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Scottsdale, AZ, United States

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Publications (6)24.72 Total impact

  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is common in patients on dialysis where it is associated with reduced survival. The possible association between PH and kidney transplant recipient survival has not been previously evaluated. In this retrospective study, we screened for PH pretransplant in 215 transplant candidates using cardiac echocardiography and measurements of right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP). Sixty-eight percent of patients had normal RVSP (<35 mm Hg), 47 (22%) had mild to moderately elevated RVSP (36-50), and 22 (10%) had markedly elevated RVSP more than 50 suggestive of severe PH. Time on dialysis was the strongest correlate of an elevated RVSP (r=0.253, P<0.001) and this relationship was independent of other variables. Elevated RVSP was observed in 25%, 25%, 38%, and 58% of patients not on dialysis, on dialysis for less than 1 year, more than 1 to 2 years, or more than 2 years, respectively. An RVSP more than 50 was associated with significantly reduced posttransplant survival (hazard ratio =3.75 [1.17-11.97], P=0.016). This relationship seemed to be independent of other variables including older age, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, low serum albumin, and delayed graft function. These analyses suggest for the first time that pretransplant PH correlates with patient survival after kidney transplantation.
    Transplantation 12/2008; 86(10):1384-8. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Transplant glomerulopathy (TG) is a histopathologic entity of kidney allografts related to anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies. The goal of this study was to determine the relationships among antibody characteristics (level and specificity), risk for TG, and graft survival. The presence and characteristics of anti-HLA antibody were assessed by single antigen beads assays in stored pretransplant sera from 598 kidney recipients with negative T-cell crossmatch. Transplant glomerulopathy was diagnosed by surveillance and clinical biopsies. Thirty-nine percent of patients presented with anti-HLA antibodies pretransplant. Transplant glomerulopathy was diagnosed in 73 patients (12%) during 54+/-19 months of follow-up. The risk of TG increased with higher anti-HLA-II antibody levels (HR=1.890, 95% CI 1.42-2.52; P<0.0001), donor specificity of the antibodies (3.524 [1.67-7.44]; P=0.001), and in patients with history of antibody-mediated rejection (4.985 [2.77-8.97]; P<0.0001, multivariate Cox). Graft survival during the follow-up period was 95% without TG and 62% with TG (P<0.0001). The presence of C4d in peritubular capillaries was an independent risk factor for graft failure after TG diagnosis. Thus, 25% of TG/C4d and 80% of TG/C4d+ grafts failed (P<0.0001). Of interest, higher anti-HLA-II levels were related to the presence of C4d (3.216 [1.376-7.517]; P=0.007). In T-cell negative crossmatch patients, higher anti-HLA-II antibody levels are related to the increase in the risk of developing TG. Higher antibody levels are also related to the presence of C4d in peritubular capillaries in TG biopsies. Furthermore, the presence of C4d in TG is related to the reduced graft survival.
    Transplantation 10/2008; 86(5):681-5. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Accurate determination of kidney function is critical in the evaluation of living kidney donors and higher donor glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is associated with better allograft outcomes. However, among transplant centers donor kidney function evaluation varies widely. The performance of creatinine clearance (CrCl), Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), the re-expressed MDRD equations with standardized creatinine, and the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) formula as compared with (125)I-iothalamate GFR (iGFR) was analyzed in 423 donors. All methods of GFR measurement were then evaluated for their association with graft function at 1 year. The MDRD and re-expressed MDRD equations underestimated iGFR whereas CG showed minimal bias (median difference=-11.0, -16.3, and -0.5 mL/min/1.73 m(2), respectively). CrCl overestimated iGFR (10 mL/min/1.73 m(2)). The MDRD, re-expressed MDRD, and CG formulas were more accurate (88%, 86%, and 88% of estimates within 30% of iGFR, respectively) than CrCl (80% within 30% of iGFR). Interestingly, low bias and high accuracy were achieved by averaging the MDRD estimation with the CrCl result; both methods available to the clinician in most transplant centers. We also showed that predonation GFR as measured by isotopic renal clearance or any of the creatinine-based estimation formulas may be associated with allograft function at 1 year, whereas the widely used CrCl was not. Variable performance was seen among different GFR estimations, with CrCl being the poorest. Recent recommendations to use the MDRD equation with standardized serum creatinine did not improve its performance. However, recognizing the limited availability of GFR laboratories, these methods are still clinically useful if used with caution and understanding their limitations.
    Transplantation 07/2008; 86(2):223-30. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) is a newly recognized systemic disorder characterized by widespread tissue fibrosis in patients with impaired renal function. Recent reports suggest that NSF is associated with exposure to gadolinium-based contrast agents used in magnetic resonance imaging. NSF can be very debilitating and can lead to serious complications and death. Health care providers should exercise caution when considering the use of gadolinium-based imaging studies in patients with renal dysfunction.
    Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine 03/2008; 75(2):95-7, 103-4, 106 passim. · 3.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Living donor renal allograft survival is superior to that achieved from deceased donors, although graft outcome is suboptimal in some of these patients. In an effort to identify the subset of patients at high risk for poor outcomes we studied donor risk factors in 248 living kidney donor-recipient pairs. Unadjusted donor (125)I-iothalamate GFR (iGFR), donor age more than 45 years, donor total cholesterol level less than 200 mg/dL, and donor systolic blood pressure (SBP) less than 120 mm Hg were correlated with allograft estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and incidence of acute rejection (AR), delayed graft function and/or graft loss at 2 years posttransplantation. Donor iGFR less than 110 mL/min (slope=-7.40, P<0.01), donors more than 45 years (slope=-8.76, P<0.01), donor total cholesterol levels more than 200 mg/dL (slope=-10.03, P<0.01), and SBP more than 120 mm Hg (slope=-5.60, P=0.03) were associated with lower eGFR. By multivariable linear regression analysis these variables remained independently associated with lower eGFR, and poorer outcomes. The increasing number of donor factors (age, iGFR, cholesterol, and blood pressure) was directly associated with worse posttransplant eGFR (P<0.01). In conclusion, our data suggest that routine assessment of living donor parameters could supplement the consideration of recipient characteristics in predicting posttransplant risk of graft injury/dysfunction.
    Transplantation 03/2007; 83(5):593-9. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surveillance of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is crucial in the management of kidney transplant recipients. With special emphasis on serum creatinine (SCr) calibration assay, we assessed the performance of estimation equations as compared to iothalamate GFR (iGFR) in 209 patients using the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD), Nankivell and Cockcroft-Gault methods. Fifty-five percent of patients were treated with a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) and all were taken trimethroprim-sulfametoxazole at the time of SCr measurement. The mean iGFR was 44 +/- 26 mL/min/1.73 m2. The MDRD equation showed a median difference of 0.9 mL/min/1.73 m2 with 53% of estimated GFR within 20% of iGFR. Median differences were 7.5 and 7.0 mL/min/1.73 m2 for Nankivell and Cockcroft-Gault formulas, respectively. The accuracy of the Nankivell and Cockcroft-Gault formulas was such that only 38% and 37% of estimations, respectively, fell within 20% of iGFR. The performance of all equations was not uniform throughout the whole range of GFR, with some deterioration at the extremes of GFR levels. In addition, good performance of the MDRD equation was seen in subjects taking CNI. In conclusion, the overall performance of the MDRD equation was superior to the Nankivell and Cockcroft-Gault formulas in renal transplant recipients including subjects treated with CNI.
    American Journal of Transplantation 02/2006; 6(1):100-8. · 6.19 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

208 Citations
347 Views
24.72 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008
    • Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
      • Division of Nephrology and Hypertension
      Scottsdale, AZ, United States
    • Mayo Clinic - Rochester
      • Department of Hospital Internal Medicine
      Rochester, Minnesota, United States