Da-lie Liu

Southern Medical University, Shengcheng, Guangdong, China

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Publications (11)2.12 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this article was to explore the effect of paraorbital soft-tissue expansion before orbital osteotomies and medial translocation by combined intracranial-extracranial approach. Tissue expansion was implanted in the zygomatic and temporal region 3 weeks before traditional operation in 2 cases of severe orbital hypertelorism. The measurements of interorbital and intercanthal distance were studied preoperatively and postoperatively by three-dimensional computed tomography. The interorbital distance of the 2 patients decreased from 4.4 and 3.2 cm to 2.0 and 1.4 cm, respectively. The intercanthal distance decreased from 6.7 and 4.8 cm to 5.0 and 3.8 cm, respectively. The paraorbital soft-tissue-expansion technique may be an effective technique for the stability of the corrected orbital framework and the prevention of reoccurrence in severe cases of orbital hypertelorism.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 01/2011; 22(1):217-9. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of Botulinum toxin type A (Botox) injection into the masseter muscle on mandibular development in rats. 12 28-day-old Wistar rats were divided into two groups as Botox group (n= 6) and control group (n = 6) which received anesthesia only. In Botox group, Botox was injected into the right masseter muscle, while only sterile saline into the left muscle. When the rats were 75-day-old, CT scan and 3D reconstruction were performed for cephalometry. The masseter muscles at both sides were weighed. Histologic study of masseter muscle and mandible was also performed. The weight of right masseter muscle was (0.4575 +/- 0.0940) g in Botox group, and (0.8899 +/- 0.1030) g in control group (< 0.05). The mandibular height II and III was (10.8 +/- 0.8) mm and (9.5 +/- 0.6) mm in Botox group and (12.5 +/- 0.6) mm and (10.7 +/- 0.4) mm in control group, respectively (P < 0.05). The intergonial distance was (11.6 +/- 0.6) mm and (12.4 +/- 0. 6) mm in Botox and control group, respectively (P > 0.05). When the rats receive Botox injection into the masseter muscle at young age, the grown-up rats have a decreased mandibular height, but the mandibular length and intergonial distance are not affected.
    Zhonghua zheng xing wai ke za zhi = Zhonghua zhengxing waike zazhi = Chinese journal of plastic surgery 07/2010; 26(4):280-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate septal cartilage compressive changes as a result of bilateral extended spreader grafts (ESGs), which are commonly used in rhinoplasty. The buckling, rupturing, or necrosis of the recipient site leads to nasal tip structural deformity. These pathologic changes associated with bilateral ESGs warrant the clinician's attention and in-depth basic and clinical research. The basic experimental study involves New Zealand rabbits, randomly assigned to groups A, B, C, and D, with group A as a reference. The right auricular cartilage was harvested and transplanted into a corresponding anatomic location of the left ear. The compressive effect was studied by gross observation and microscopic examination with hematoxylin-eosin staining after 3 months. In a clinical experiment, revision rhinoplasty surgical procedures were performed in 10 human patients 6 months to 1 year after placement of bilateral ESGs. The compressive changes of septal cartilages between the ESGs were observed intraoperatively. In group A of the rabbits, no pathologic change was noted, but 2 cases of attenuation were observed in group B (33.3%), 6 cases of central fracture (100%) with 1 case of perforation (16.7%) in group C, and 6 cases of different degrees of defects in group D (100%). Clinical intraoperative observations revealed 1 case of defects and necrosis (10%), 4 cases of attenuations and cracks (40%), and 5 cases of attenuations (50%). Septal cartilage compressive necrosis leading to structural damage by bilateral septal ESGs is a clinically significant complication of rhinoplasty. Owing to its affect on the viability of the original septal cartilages, we believe the unilateral ESG with columellar strut is preferred, especially in Asian patients.
    Archives of facial plastic surgery: official publication for the American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Inc. and the International Federation of Facial Plastic Surgery Societies 01/2010; 12(4):257-62. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Qiang Yuan, Da-Lie Liu, Xiao-Jun Wang
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    ABSTRACT: To discuss the treatment and prevention of the complications resulted from intraoral mandibular angle reduction. From July 2002 to August 2008, 672 cases underwent intraoral mandibular angle reduction. The 59 cases with postoperative complications were treated and followed up. No severe complication happened. In 18 cases with asymmetry, 13 cases improved through soft tissue adjustment, 5 cases were reoperated with good results. Intraoperative precise osteotomy was needed to prevent asymmetry. 3 cases with infection healed with drainage and anti-inflammatory treatment. Intraoperative aseptic manipulation and adequate drainage were necessary to prevent infection. 20 cases with labial numbness recovered 3 - 6 weeks later. 5 cases with temporary facial nerve injury recovered 2 - 3 months later. 12 cases with bleeding and hematoma were treated by dressing with pressure and drainage and healed 3 weeks later. Skin necrosis resulted from tight dressing occurred in one case, which were treated with skin graft. Intraoperative protection of nerve and vessels, as well as the dressing were very important. Most of the complications can be treated and recovered well. Preoperative design, precise manipulation and postoperative reliable dressing are the key points to prevent complications.
    Zhonghua zheng xing wai ke za zhi = Zhonghua zhengxing waike zazhi = Chinese journal of plastic surgery 05/2009; 25(3):197-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the effect of intense pulsed light (IPL) on transforming growth factor-beta1 mRNA (TGF-beta1 mRNA) expression in rat skin and explore the molecular mechanisms of photorejuvenation. Fifteen SD rats were exposed to IPL in 3 dermal regions with triple pulses (duration of 4, 5, and 6 ms) at the energy density of 34 J/cm2 and pulse delay of 20 or 25 ms. On days 1, 3, 5, 7, 15, and 30 after the treatment, skin specimens from the treated and non-treated areas were obtained to detect TGF-beta1 mRNA expression with in situ hybridization. In the UPL-exposed skin areas, TGF-beta1 mRNA expression was detected in the epidermal keratinocytes and dermal cells 1 day after the exposure, reaching the highest expression level on day 7 followed by gradual decrement since day 15, and till day 30, only weak expression was found in the dermal cells. In the non-exposed regions, the cells remained negative for TGF-beta1 mRNA. IPL can enhance TGF-beta1 mRNA expression in the skin, suggesting that TGF-beta1 plays an important role in dermal remodeling in photorejuvenation.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 02/2009; 29(1):92-3, 96.
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    ABSTRACT: To introduce a method to reduce the volume of medial gastrocnemius for calf reduction. Tibial nerve and nerve branches were dissected and explored at popliteal region for morphometry in 20 cadaver-legs. The length, width and the origination position of the nerve to the medial gastrocnemius were measured and recorded. During surgery, the nerve to the medial gastrocnemius muscle were explored and cut off. The circumference and the shape of the leg were measured and recorded. The nerve innervating the medial gastrocnemius originates from the tibial nerve which lies in the fat tissue of popliteal space. In 8 cases (40%) there is only 1 branch to the medial gastrocnemius, and in 4 cases (30%) there are 2 branches. In other 4 cases (30%) the medial sural cutaneous nerve originate from the nerve to the medial gastrocnemius. The nerve to the medial gastrocnemius muscle branch off at (- 6.6 +/- 13.7) mm; the width is (2.3 +/- 0.4) mm; the length is (42 +/- 12) mm. Neurectomy of the nerve to the medial gastrocnemius was performed in 16 cases. After operation, the circumference of the leg was reduced (3.5 +/- 1.1) cm averagely and the curve of the medial line of the calf was reduced. There is no obvious swelling in these cases and the patients were able to walk immediately after operation. The function of the leg was not obviously influenced. Neurectomy of the nerve to the medial gastrocnemius muscle was a safe and effective method for calf reduction.
    Zhonghua zheng xing wai ke za zhi = Zhonghua zhengxing waike zazhi = Chinese journal of plastic surgery 04/2007; 23(2):125-7.
  • Lei Shan, Da-lie Liu, Qiang Yuan
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    ABSTRACT: To study the technical refinements of intraoral reduction malarplasty to prevent postoperative drooping of the cheek. Twenty-four patients with prominent zygomatic complex underwent reduction malarplasty from January 2005 to January 2006. In all these cases, the osteotomized malar complex was repositioned superioposteriorly, and the perioral muscles and periosteum were redraped accordingly and fixed on deep temporal fascia. Symmetry between the left and right complexer were achieved, with a decreased midfacial width of 10.22-/+1.97 mm. During postoperative follow-up of 4 to 6 months, all the patients had satisfactory operative results, and reported no postoperative drooping of cheek. This method of superioposterior reduction of the perioral muscles and periosteum is simple and effective, but the long-term result needs to be observed.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 03/2007; 27(3):310-1.
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    ABSTRACT: To establish a rabbit model of orbital hypertelorism for plastic and reconstructive surgery and evaluate the surgical effects. Orbital osteotomies and medial translocation was performed in 16 New Zealand rabbits (4 to 6 months old) by combined intracranial-extracranial approach. The interorbital distance (IOD) and bone healing between the orbits were evaluated with gross measurement. X-ray and histological examinations were performed immediately and 12 weeks after the operation. The average IOD of the rabbits was 0.74 cm after completion of the operation, but increased to 0.96 cm 12 weeks after the operation, showing significant relapse of orbital hypertelorism (P<0.01). The IOD can be decreased successfully in this rabbit model.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 10/2006; 26(10):1476-7, 1480.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate a new method of genioplasty for treatment of a prominent mandibular angle with mandibular malformation. According to the different types of the mandible, the prominent mandibular angle was grinded with the masseter muscle kept intact. Autologous micromorselized bone of the grinded mandibular angle was collected and implanted into the chin for augmentation mentoplasty, and the chin was fixed with gypsum after operation. Fifteen patients receiving the surgery were followed up for 6 -12 months, and satisfactory effects were achieved in 12 patients. One patient requested modification of the shape of the chin 10 days after the operation, and another two sustained chin distortion due to external forces and underwent subsequent shape adjustment of the chin. The procedure described avoids graft rejection and causes less complications for genioplasty with easy moulding and satisfactory outcome.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 08/2006; 26(7):1063-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To find a new method for edge detection and modeling in frontal facial contour image. Searching circle-based edge detection algorithm was developed on the basis of Sobel edge detector. Apriori knowledge of the facial contour and searching limitations as the minimum curvature radius, concave-convex property, and maximum edge disconnected distance were used to detect the edge of frontal facial contour. The frontal facial contour model was established with least squares curve fitting methods, and the relationship between the model rank and model precision was analyzed. The edge detected by the new method was consistent with the actual edge of the facial contour and the irrelevant edge was well eliminated. Variation of the 2,4,10 time models from the actual image were compared, which identified the 10 time model as the best one. The effectiveness and practicability of this new method for edge detection and modeling has been tested, which provides a theoretic basis for designing facial contouring image system.
    Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University 06/2006; 26(5):667-9.
  • Ming-li Wang, Da-lie Liu, Qiang Yuan
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    ABSTRACT: To observe the effect of intense pulsed light (IPL) on heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) expression in skin and elucidate the biological mechanisms of photorejuvenation. The skin of 15 SD rats was exposed to IPL in 3 regions at the energy density of 34 J/cm(2) in triple pulses with the duration of 4, 5 and 6 ms, respectively, and pulse delays of 20 and 25 ms. On days 1, 3, 5, 7, 15 and 30 after treatment, specimens of the treated and untreated skin were taken, respectively, for determination of HSP70 expression by immunohistochemistry. In treated regions, positive immunohistochemical staining was observed on day 1 in the epidermal keratinocytes, sebaceous gland cells and endothelial cells. The staining reached the highest intensity on day 7, gradually weakened on day 15, and disappeared on day 30. In the untreated areas, the cells were negative for immunohistochemical staining. Skin HSP70 expression can be enhanced by IPL, suggesting the role of HSP70 in photorejuvenation.
    Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA 02/2005; 25(1):109-10.