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ABSTRACT: The gene encoding a Deinococcus radiodurans R1 bifunctional aminoacylase/carboxypeptidase (DR_ACY/CP) was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and cloned into pQE-30 to generate pQE-DRAC. The cloned gene consists of an open reading frame of 1197 bp encoding a protein with a molecular mass of 42,729 Da. The predicted amino acid sequence shows high homology with those of Geobacillus kaustophilus aminoacylase, Geobacillus stearothermophilus aminoacylase, Pyrococcus horikoshii carboxypeptidase/aminoacylase and Thermoanaerobacter tengcongensis aminoacylase/carboxypeptidase. The expressed enzyme was purified from the crude extract of IPTG-induced Escherichia coli M15 (pQE-DRAC) to homogeneity by nickel-chelate chromatography. The molecular mass of the purified enzyme was determined to be 43kDa by SDS-PAGE. Maximal aminoacylase activity with N-acetyl-methionine as the substrate occurred at pH 8.0 and 40 degrees C in the sodium phosphate buffer. The aminoacylase activity was strongly inhibited by metal-chelating agents, and was largely restored by divalent cations, such as Co(2+), Mn(2+) and Ni(2+). The purified enzyme had broad specificity toward N-acetylated L-amino acids as well as N-CBZ-peptides. Carboxypeptidase activity of DR_ACY/CP to N-CBZ-Gly-Ala exhibited K(m) and k(cat) values of 4.3mM and 28s(-1), respectively. The enzyme also had activity toward the cell wall-related substrates, D-Ala-Gly, D-Ala-Gly-Gly and L-Orn-L-Ala.
Journal of Biotechnology 03/2007; 128(2):322-34. DOI:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2006.10.011