ABSTRACT: Anaemia is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with increased rates of mortality and diminished quality of life in patients with CKD. Although extended dosing with darbepoetin alfa, an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA), has been shown to be effective in maintaining haemoglobin (Hb) levels in CKD patients, little information is published on the use of darbepoetin alfa in the correction and maintenance of Hb levels in elderly CKD patients naive to ESA therapy.
This post hoc subanalysis of data from two clinical trials was conducted to investigate the efficacy and safety profile of de novo every-other-week (q2w) darbepoetin alfa in elderly patients with CKD-associated anaemia (not on dialysis), as compared with that of a younger (aged <65 years) patient cohort.
This analysis was based on data obtained from two open-label, single-arm, multicentre studies of similar design. Patients were aged >or=18 years and naive to previous ESA therapy. Darbepoetin alfa administration was initiated at 0.75 microg/kg and titrated according to individual patient requirements to achieve and maintain Hb levels between 11.0 and 13.0 g/dL. The proportion of patients who achieved the primary endpoint, Hb >or=11.0 g/dL (study 1), and an Hb level between 11.0 and 13.0 g/dL (study 2) at weeks 4, 8 and 12 weeks and at the end of the study were determined. The results of this subanalysis were stratified by age (<65, 65-74 and >or=75 years).
A total of 203 patients were enrolled in the two studies; 60% were female, 84 (41%) were aged <65 years, 57 (28%) were aged 65-74 years and 62 (31%) were aged >or=75 years. The proportion of patients who achieved Hb levels of >or=11.0 g/dL in study 1 and 11.0-13.0 g/dL in study 2 at week 20 were 93%, 96% and 92%, respectively, for the three age groups. Weight-adjusted q2w darbepoetin alfa doses were similar between the age groups and stable throughout the study period. The mean (standard deviation) Hb levels at week 21 were 12.0 (1.2), 12.7 (1.1) and 12.6 (1.0) g/dL in subjects aged <65, 65-74 and >or=75 years, respectively. The median (standard error) time to reach the primary endpoint was 5.0 (4.7), 5.0 (5.7) and 5.0 (5.7) weeks for subjects aged <65 years, 65-74 years and >or=75 years, respectively. The safety profiles of q2w darbepoetin alfa in both the older and younger age-groups were consistent with those expected for patients with CKD not receiving dialysis.
The results of this study suggest that ESA-naive subjects aged <65, 65-74 and >or=75 years of age with CKD (not receiving dialysis) who received q2w darbepoetin alfa were able to achieve and maintain Hb levels at 11.0-13.0 g/dL. The de novo q2w treatment regimen with darbepoetin alfa described in the present report may help optimize anaemia management in CKD-associated anaemia patients, including those in the older adult population.
Drugs & Aging 01/2009; 26(8):665-75. · 2.67 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The anemia of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased hospitalizations, increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and diminished quality of life in the elderly. Darbepoetin alfa is an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent that has been shown to be effective in treating anemia in patients with CKD (but not on dialysis) when administered using extended-dosing regimens.
The purpose of this post hoc analysis was to examine the efficacy and safety profile of once-monthly (QM) darbepoetin alfa in study patients stratified according to age (ie, <65, 65-74, and > or =75 years).
Patients with CKD but not on dialysis, receiving darbepoetin alfa every other week (Q2W), and with stable hemoglobin (Hb) levels between 11 and 13 g/dL, inclusive, were enrolled in this 33-week, multicenter, open-label, single-arm study. The study was carried out at 36 US centers and consisted of a 24-week QM darbepoetin alfa dose-titration period followed by an 8-week evaluation period. Hb levels were measured Q2W. Study results were stratified according to patient age (<65, 65-74, and > or =75 years).
A total of 152 patients (79 women, 73 men) were enrolled; 55 patients (36%) were <65 years of age, 46 (30%) were 65 to 74 years of age, and 51 (34%) were > or =75 years of age. In patients who received > or =1 dose of darbepoetin alfa, Hb levels > or =11 g/dL were maintained in 76%, 80%, and 71% of patients aged <65, 65 to 74, and > or =75 years, respectively. For patients who completed the study, the proportions who maintained Hb levels > or =11 g/dL were 83%, 88%, and 85%, respectively, for the 3 age groups. The safety profile of QM darbepoetin alfa in this study was consistent with that expected in patients with CKD not receiving dialysis.
Darbepoetin alfa administered QM maintained Hb levels > or =11 g/dL in patients with CKD (not on dialysis) aged <65, 65 to 74, and > or =75 years. This treatment regimen may help optimize anemia management for older community-dwelling and long-term care patients.
The American Journal of Geriatric Pharmacotherapy 06/2008; 6(2):49-60. · 2.67 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy of once-monthly darbepoetin alfa in maintaining hemoglobin (Hb) levels between 10 and 12 g/dL in older subjects receiving darbepoetin alfa every 2 weeks.
A secondary analysis of a 29-week multicenter, open-label, single-arm study with an initial 2-week screening/baseline period, followed by a 20-week once-monthly darbepoetin alfa dose titration period and an 8-week evaluation period.
Twenty treatment centers in the United States.
Subjects with CKD who were not receiving dialysis and whose hemoglobin levels were > or =10 g/dL with darbepoetin alfa every 2 weeks.
Darbepoetin alfa administered once monthly and titrated to maintain Hb level between 10 and 12 g/dL, inclusive.
The proportion of subjects maintaining a mean Hb concentration of 10 to 12 g/dL, inclusive, while receiving once-monthly darbepoetin alfa during the evaluation period (weeks 21 to 29); the mean change in Hb levels and darbepoetin alfa doses between baseline and the evaluation period; and the treatment relationship, frequency, severity, and outcomes of all adverse events. Analyses were stratified by age (<65, > or =65, and > or =75 years).
Seventy-nine percent of subjects aged > or =65 years and 80% of subjects aged > or =75 years maintained their Hb levels within the specified target range, compared with 80% of subjects aged <65 years who maintained their Hb levels within the specified target range. Hemoglobin levels and darbepoetin alfa doses did not change significantly from baseline to the evaluation period. Darbepoetin alfa administered once monthly was well tolerated in all age groups.
Darbepoetin alfa administered once monthly effectively maintained target Hb levels in older subjects with CKD (not receiving dialysis) who were maintained previously with an every 2 weeks darbepoetin alfa regimen.
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 03/2007; 8(2):83-90. · 4.64 Impact Factor