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ABSTRACT: Aromaticity and neutral homoaromaticity have been evaluated in methanoannulenes systems, 1,4-methanoannulene (1), 1,5-methanoannulene (2), and 1,6-methanoannulene (3). C-C bond lengths indicate that 1 presents higher bond alternation than 2 and 3. The relative energies were determined at the B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) level, and they pointed out that 3 is the most stable isomer. Strain energies, evaluated employing homodesmotic reactions, show the same order as the relative energies. Through a decomposition of strain energies, it could be concluded that the rings absorb more tension than the bridges. The changes in aromaticity were evaluated by magnetic susceptibilities, chiM, HOMA, NICS, and resonance energies, RE. HOMA, RE, and chiM indicate that 2 and 3 are strongly, and 1 is fairly, aromatic. NICS does not provide reliable results, due to interference of ring and bridge atoms. NBO analysis presents some interactions that suggest the existence of neutral homoaromaticity. GPA indices (evaluated at the B3LYP/6-31G* level) point out that homoaromaticity plays a relevant role only in 3. Moreover, this work is the first in the current literature that studies 1,4-methanoannulene (1).
The Journal of Organic Chemistry 02/2007; 72(1):76-85. · 4.56 Impact Factor