Simone D'Imporzano

Università di Pisa, Pisa, Tuscany, Italy

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Publications (7)18.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Giant esophageal and hypopharyngeal polyps are benign tumors rarely encountered in clinical practice. In most cases, they are completely asymptomatic; however, despite the rarity of these tumors, interest in giant esophageal polyps derives from their degree of growth (characterized by slow growth into the esophageal lumen) and their mobility. In fact, if regurgitation occurs, they can ascend into the oral cavity and be aspirated into the airways, with potentially lethal consequences. The removal of these giant polyps is recommended. An adequate preoperative evaluation to identify the correct origin of the stalk is mandatory for a successful endoscopic or surgical treatment. A 60-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for anemia. The patient underwent gastroscopy, contrast computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasound. At the conclusion of the procedure, during the extraction of the echoendoscope, the patient began retching and regurgitated the polyp, without experiencing respiratory distress. The patient underwent a left cervicotomy and polyp dissection via a pharyngotomy.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2013; 19(35):5936-5939. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pancreatic fistula (PF) occurs frequently after central pancreatectomy (CP), but it is not clear from which pancreatic stump it arises and, consequently, which interventions can reduce its incidence and severity. The information could be obtained if the two pancreatic remnants were segregated into different body compartments. In eight consecutive patients, the cut end of the distal pancreatic stump after CP was brought in the inframesocolic compartment through a small defect created in the transverse mesocolon. Pancreatojejunostomy was hence constructed in the intraperitoneal compartment, being divided by the retroperitoneal right-sided pancreatic stump by the transverse mesocolon itself. Five patients were operated on open, and three by robot-assisted laparoscopy. PF was defined according to the criteria proposed by the International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula. PF fistula developed in five out eight patients (three grade A and two grade B). Amylase concentration in the fluid obtained from surgical drains showed that the two pancreatic remnants were actually segregated into different body compartments and that four out of five PF originated from the right remnant. Mean hospital stay was 12.5 days. No patient was readmitted, developed peripancreatic fluid collections, required interventional radiology procedures, or underwent repeat surgery. In CP, interposing an anatomic barrier, such as the transverse mesocolon, between the two pancreatic remnants is a simple maneuver that, if on one hand, adds little to the complexity of the operation, on the other, provides insights into the origin of PF after CP.
    Langenbeck s Archives of Surgery 02/2012; 397(6):1013-21. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical complications are a major disincentive to pancreas transplantation, despite the undisputed benefits of restored insulin independence. The da Vinci surgical system, a computer-assisted electromechanical device, provides the unique opportunity to test whether laparoscopy can reduce the morbidity of pancreas transplantation. Pancreas transplantation was performed by robot-assisted laparoscopy in three patients. The first patient received a pancreas after kidney transplant, the second a simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation, and the third a pancreas transplant alone. Operations were carried out through an 11-mm optic port, two 8-mm operative ports, and a 7-cm midline incision. The latter was used to introduce the grafts, enable vascular cross-clamping, and create exocrine drainage into the jejunum. The two solitary pancreas transplants required an operating time of 3 and 5 hr, respectively; the simultaneous pancreas kidney transplantation took 8 hr. Mean warm ischemia time of the pancreas graft was 34 min. All pancreatic transplants functioned immediately, and all recipients became insulin independent. The kidney graft, revascularized after 35 min of warm ischemia, also functioned immediately. No patient had complications during or after surgery. At the longer follow-up of 10, 8, and 6 months, respectively, all recipients are alive with normal graft function. We have shown the feasibility of laparoscopic robot-assisted solitary pancreas and simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation. If the safety and feasibility of this procedure can be confirmed by larger series, laparoscopic robot-assisted pancreas transplantation could become a new option for diabetic patients needing beta-cell replacement.
    Transplantation 01/2012; 93(2):201-6. · 3.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A kidney from a 56-year-old mother was transplanted to her 37-year-old daughter laparoscopically using the daVinci HDSi surgical system. The kidney was introduced into the abdomen through a 7-cm suprapubic incision used also for the uretero-vescical anastomosis. Vascular anastomoses were carried out through a total of three additional ports. Surgery lasted 154 min, including 51 min of warm ischemia of the graft. Urine production started immediately after graft reperfusion. Renal function remains optimal at the longest follow-up of 3 months. The technique employed in this case is discussed in comparison with the only other two contemporary experiences, both from the USA. Furthermore, possible advantages and disadvantages of robotics in kidney transplantation are discussed extensively. We conclude that the daVinci surgical system allows the performance of kidney transplantation under optimal operative conditions. Further experience is needed, but it is likely that solid organ transplantation will not remain immune to robotics.
    Transplant International 02/2011; 24(2):213-8. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Duodenal graft complications (DGC) occur frequently after pancreas transplantation but rarely cause graft loss. Graft pancreatectomy, however, may be required when DGC compromise recipient's safety. We herein report on two patients with otherwise untreatable DGC in whom the entire pancreas was salvaged by means of total duodenectomy with enteric drainage of both pancreatic ducts. The first patient developed recurrent episodes of enteric bleeding, requiring hospitalization and blood transfusions, starting 21 months after transplantation. The disease causing hemorrhage could not be defined, despite extensive investigations, but the donor duodenum was eventually identified as the site of bleeding. The second patient was referred to us with a duodenal stump leak, 5 months after transplantation. Two previous surgeries had failed to seal the leak, despite opening a diverting stoma above the duodenal graft. Thirty-nine and 16 months after total duodenectomy with dual duct drainage, respectively, both patients are insulin-independent and free from abdominal complaints. Magnetic resonance pancreatography shows normal ducts both basal and after intravenous injection of secretin. The two cases presented herein show that when DGC jeopardize pancreas function or recipient safety, total duodenectomy with enteric duct drainage may become an option.
    American Journal of Transplantation 03/2010; 10(3):692-7. · 6.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Primary endo-GIA stapler malfunction occurred during robotic wedge resection of liver segments VII and VIII en-bloc with the right hepatic vein, in an obese woman diagnosed with single liver metastasis from a previous carcinoid tumour. Haemorrhage was soon controlled by clamping the vena cava below the injury using two wristed forceps angled at 90 degrees . With the two instruments locked in the holding position the ensuing operative strategy was discussed between surgeon and anaesthesia teams. Using the third robotic arm the caval injury was repaired laparoscopically with interrupted polypropylene sutures. The patient was transfused with two units of packed red blood cells, recovered uneventfully, and was discharged on post-operative day five. We conclude that even the most advanced technologies can fail and that surgeons should be fully aware of the consequences of these malfunctions and be prepared for repair. From this point of view, the da Vinci surgical system seems to have some advantages over classical laparoscopic methods including the ability to lock the wristed instruments in the holding position, the use of three arms by the same operating surgeon, and the extreme facilitation of intracorporeal suturing and knot-tying in deep and narrow spaces, extremely difficult if not impossible with conventional laparoscopic instruments.
    Minimally invasive therapy & allied technologies: MITAT: official journal of the Society for Minimally Invasive Therapy 02/2009; 18(5):306-10. · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite decreased postoperative mortality, pancreatic resections continue to be associated with high morbidity rates. Vascular complications and, in particular, erosive bleeding from the large retroperitoneal vasculature are particularly difficult to treat and account for a large percentage of the residual postoperative mortality of pancreatic resections. We herein analyze the pathogenesis, diagnosis, preventive measures and possible remedies of either hemorrhagic or occlusive complications of pancreatic resections through a review of the literature and of our institutional experience consisting of 818 pancreatectomies.
    JOP: Journal of the pancreas 02/2007; 8(1 Suppl):102-13.