Publications (2)5.04 Total impact
Article: Antimigratory and antimetastatic effect of heparin-derived 4-18 unit oligosaccharides in a preclinical human melanoma metastasis model.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Heparin and its derivatives have been shown to inhibit angiogenesis and metastasis formation. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of heparin fragments containing 4 to 22 monomers on human melanoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro as well as on the in vivo metastatic potential in a SCID mouse model. Only oligosaccharide dp18 had significant inhibitory effect on cell proliferation. In contrast, cell migration was inhibited by all oligosaccharides studied except dp8 and dp22. Anti-CD44v3 antibody stimulated cell migration and invasion, and this effect could be attenuated by oligosaccharides dp4 and dp18. These fragments also inhibited the catalytic activity of myosin light chain phosphatase as well. Moreover, oligosaccharides dp4 and dp18 reduced the number of lung colonies formed in SCID mice intravenously injected with human melanoma cells, while dp22 proved to be ineffective in this respect. These studies revealed that fragments of heparin have an antimigratory and antimetastatic potential. These fragments lack the haemostatic effect of heparin, suggesting that they are potential specific antimetastatic agents in anticancer therapy.Thrombosis and Haemostasis 12/2009; 102(6):1265-73. · 5.04 Impact Factor
Article: [Human recombinant erythropoietin-alpha increases the efficacy of irradiation in preclinical model].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: According to recent data erythropoietin receptor (EPOR) is expressed not only by bone marrow erythroid progenitors but by endothelial- and cancer cells and it was suggested that erythropoietin (EPO) may affect their functions as well. We have analyzed the effects of recombinant human erythropoietin-alpha (rHuEPOalpha) on radiation sensitivity of EPOR+ human epidermoid carcinoma (A431) xenograft model. In vivo rHuEPOalpha treatment was started after tumor cell inoculation into SCID mice. 5 Gy irradiation was performed on day 14, the effect of which was measured on day 22. Hemoglobin level, tumor-associated microvessels and HIF-1alpha expression of the xenograft were monitored during the experiment. rHuEPOalpha administration prevented the development of tumor-induced anemia of SCID mice and reduced the level of HIF-1alpha expression of the xenograft tumor without affecting tumor growth. We have found that rHuEPOalpha treatment significantly increased the efficacy of antitumor effect of irradiation which was partly mediated by complex effects on tumor-associated microvessels. In vitro rHuEPOalpha did not affect proliferation of A431 cells but enhanced the antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects of irradiation. We concluded that rHuEPOalpha administration positively modulated the antitumoral effects of irradiation at least by two pathways, decreasing systemic hypoxia resulting in decreased tumoral HIF-1alpha expression and enhancing direct effects on tumor-associated microvessels.Magyar Onkológia 02/2007; 51(1):53-61.