Jonathan E Friedman

University of Pretoria, Πρετόρια/Πόλη του Ακρωτηρίου, Gauteng, South Africa

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Publications (3)8.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: DP-155 is a lipid prodrug of indomethacin that comprises the latter conjugated to lecithin at position sn-2 via a 5-carbon length linker. It is cleaved by phospholipase A2 (PLA)(2) to a greater extent than similar compounds with linkers of 2, 3, and 4 carbons. Indomethacin is the principal metabolite of DP-155 in rat serum and, after DP-155 oral administration, the half-life of the metabolite was 22 and 93 h in serum and brain, respectively, compared to 10 and 24 h following indomethacin administration. The brain to serum ratio was 3.5 times higher for DP-155 than for indomethacin. In vitro studies demonstrated that DP-155 is a selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor. After it is cleaved, its indomethacin derivative nonselectively inhibits both COX-1 and -2. DP-155 showed a better toxicity profile probably due to the sustained, low serum levels and reduced maximal concentration of its indomethacin metabolite. DP-155 did not produce gastric toxicity at the highest acute dose tested (0.28 mmol/kg), while indomethacin caused gastric ulcers at a dose 33-fold lower. Furthermore, after repeated oral dosing, gastrointestinal and renal toxicity was lower (10- and 5-fold, respectively) and delayed with DP-155 compared to indomethacin. In addition to reduced toxicity, DP-155 had similar ameliorative effects to indomethacin in antipyretic and analgesia models. Moreover, DP-155 and indomethacin were equally efficacious in reducing levels of amyloid ss (Ass)42 in transgenic Alzheimer's disease mouse (Tg2576) brains as well as reducing Ass42 intracellular uptake, neurodegeneration, and inflammation in an in vitro AD model. The relatively high brain levels of indomethacin after DP-155 administration explain the equal efficacy of DP-155 despite its low systemic blood concentrations. Compared to indomethacin, the favored safety profile and equal efficacy of DP-155 establish the compound as a potential candidate for chronic use to treat AD-related pathology and for analgesia.
    CNS Drug Reviews 02/2007; 13(2):260-77. · 4.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Indomethacin has been suggested for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but its use is limited by gastrointestinal and renal toxicity. To overcome this limitation, D-Pharm Ltd. (Rehovot, Israel) developed DP-155 (mixture of 1-steroyl and 1-palmitoyl-2-{6-[1-(p-chlorobenzoyl)-5-methoxy-2-methyl-3-indolyl acetamido] hexanoyl}-Sn-glycero-3-phosophatidyl [corrected] choline), a lecithin derivative of indomethacin. Safety was tested by daily oral administration of DP-155 or indomethacin to rats in a dose range of 0.007 to 0.28 mmol/kg. The prevalence of gastrointestinal ulceration was significantly lower (10-fold) for DP-155 than for indomethacin, and the ulcerations were delayed. Signs of renal toxicity, namely reduced urine output and increased urine N-acetyl glycosaminidase to creatinine ratio, were 5-fold lower for DP-155. Indomethacin, but not an equimolar dose of DP-155, reduced urine bicyclo-prostaglandin E(2). An equimolar oral dose of DP-155 or indomethacin, administered every 4 h for 3 days, was equally efficacious in reducing the levels of Abeta42 in the brains of Tg2576 mice. Indomethacin was the principal metabolite of DP-155 in the serum. After DP-155 oral administration, indomethacin's half-life in the serum and the brain was 22 and 93 h, respectively, compared with 10 and 24 h following indomethacin oral administration. The brain to serum ratio was 3.5 times higher for DP-155 than indomethacin. This finding explains the efficacy of DP-155 in reducing Abeta42 brain levels, despite the low systemic blood concentrations of indomethacin derived from DP-155. In conclusion, compared with indomethacin, DP-155 has significantly lower toxicity in the gut and kidney while maintaining similar efficacy to indomethacin in lowering Abeta42 in the brains of Tg2576 mice. This superior safety profile highlights DP-155's potential as an improved indomethacin-based therapy for AD.
    Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 10/2006; 318(3):1248-56. · 3.89 Impact Factor
  • Article: DP-VPA
    G. Rosenberg, J. E. Friedman, I. Shapiro, A. Kozak
    Drugs of The Future - DRUG FUTURE. 01/2005; 30(12).