ABSTRACT: Acute renal failure that is associated with macroscopic hematuria (ARF-MH) is a widely known complication of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Although spontaneous recovery of renal function after cessation of MH has been described, no long-term outcome studies have been performed. The outcome of patients who had biopsy-proven IgAN and presented an ARF-MH episode in the period 1975 through 2005 was studied. Thirty-six episodes of ARF-MH that occurred in 32 patients were identified. A complete recovery of baseline renal function after cessation of MH was observed in 27 (group 1); in the remaining nine episodes (25%; group 2), estimated GFR (eGFR) did not reach the baseline value. Final eGFR was 89 +/- 28 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) in group 1 patients and 38 +/- 12 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) in group 2 patients (P = 0.0005). The duration of MH was significantly longer in group 2 patients: 33.7 +/- 25.3 versus 15.4 +/- 18.4 d (P = 0008). A high proportion of tubules that were filled by red blood cell casts and had signs of acute tubular necrosis were the most striking histologic abnormalities. In conclusion, a significant proportion (25%) of ARF-MH in IgAN did not recover the baseline renal function after the disappearance of MH. Duration of MH longer than 10 d, age >50 yr, decreased baseline eGFR, absence of previous episodes of MH, and the severity of tubular necrosis were significant risk factors for an incomplete recovery of renal function.
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 01/2007; 2(1):51-7. · 5.23 Impact Factor