Mona Momeni

Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Bruxelles, Brussels Capital Region, Belgium

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Publications (20)29.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: One drawback of the arterial switch operation for treating transposition of the great arteries is the occurrence of coronary lesions, found during follow-up in about 5% of (a)symptomatic children. The established corrective procedures include coronary artery proximal patch arterioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). To avoid aortic manipulations and extracorporeal circulation, off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) has become increasingly used in the adult population. We report a case of OPCAB revascularization in a symptomatic 2-year-old child.
    The Annals of thoracic surgery. 10/2014; 98(4):1454-1456.
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The improved management of Fontan patients has resulted in good outcome. As such, these patients may necessitate care for non-cardiac surgery. We sought to determine the long-term outcome of our Fontan series palliated with the most recent surgical techniques. Our second objective was to report the incidence and the perioperative course after non-cardiac procedures. We reviewed the records of all patients with either a lateral tunnel or an extracardiac conduit Fontan between 1996 and 2008. Follow-up was recorded until June, 2013, including records regarding non-cardiac interventions. Results: Overall, 58 patients were included. Of them, one patient underwent a takedown of his Fontan, and five patients died in the immediate postoperative course. The cumulative survival of the remaining 52 patients was 81%. There was no significant difference in survival between right and left ventricle morphologies (p=0.56), nor between both types of Fontan (p=0.9). Chronic arrhythmias (25%), fatigue/dyspnoea (40%), thrombotic complications (19%), and embolic events (10%) were among the most recurrent comorbidities. In total, 45 non-cardiac interventions were performed on 26 patients, with three bleeding complications and one death. Conclusions: This study shows excellent long-term survival after both lateral tunnel and extracardiac conduit Fontan. The incidence of cardiovascular morbidity remains high, however. We also report a high number of non-cardiac interventions. Thorough understanding of the Fontan physiology is mandatory when non-cardiac anaesthesiologists are in charge of these patients.
    Cardiology in the Young 09/2014; · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 11/2013; · 1.06 Impact Factor
  • Francis Veyckemans, Mona Momeni
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    ABSTRACT: There is a strong pressure to widen the indications of ambulatory anaesthesia in children. Making a decision concerning a child with a history of cardiac disease is often difficult. The aim of this review is to give practical recommendations to help the anaesthesiologist recognize potentially dangerous situations in children with a history of cardiac disease. The anaesthetic care of a child with a history of heart disease presenting for an ambulatory procedure includes three steps: understanding the pathophysiology of the child's current haemodynamic status, checking whether he/she is actually eligible for outpatient anaesthesia and planning the safest anaesthetic plan, accordingly. The concept of congenital heart disease nowadays includes not only congenital heart defects but also congenital dysrythmias such as congenital long QT and Brugada syndromes, and acquired lesions such as sequellae of Kawasaki disease. Children with a partially corrected or palliated cardiac defect tolerate poorly hypovolaemia, systemic hypotension and hypoxaemia. They should thus not undergo on an ambulatory basis procedures during or after which such problems can occur. Moreover, postoperative analgesia should be carefully planned with the parents. A child whose cardiac disease has been corrected, who is developing well, has no exercise restriction and undergoes regular cardiologic follow-up does not present more risks than any normal American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status 1-2 child. Any other situation requires close communication with the child's paediatric cardiologist to evaluate the risks of both anaesthesia and outpatient care, and make an individualized decision accordingly.
    Current opinion in anaesthesiology 10/2013;
  • Medical Hypotheses 09/2012; · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: Studies have emphasized the importance of normal fibrinogen concentrations in surgical patients. The primary hypothesis of this study was that fibrinogen levels significantly decrease in on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery versus off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery. The second objective was to show that ROTEM (TEM International, GmbH, Munich, Germany) rapidly detects these abnormalities compared with standard tests. DESIGN: A prospective, nonrandomized study. SETTING: A university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two and 62 patients in the CABG and OPCAB groups, respectively, undergoing first-time bypass surgery were included. INTERVENTIONS: CABG versus OPCAB surgery. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Routine coagulation tests and ROTEM values were measured before anesthesia (T0), after the first dose of heparin (T1), after protamine (T2), upon intensive care unit arrival (T3), and 4 hours postoperatively (T4). The outcome measures were followed until 4 hours postoperatively. Fibrinogen concentrations were significantly lower in the CABG versus the OPCAB group at T2 (170 ± 44 v 243 ± 73 mg/dL, p < 0.001) and T3 (179 ± 42 v 232 ± 68 mg/dL, p < 0.001). This was confirmed by significantly lower FIBTEM maximal clot firmness values at T2 (9 ± 4 v 14 ± 5 mm, p < 0.001) and T3 (9 ± 4 v 13 ± 6 mm, p < 0.001). In the CABG group, patients received significantly more transfusions of all blood products except fresh frozen plasma. CONCLUSIONS: Fibrinogen concentration significantly decreases after cardiopulmonary bypass. ROTEM helps in its fast detection.
    Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 09/2012; · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: During the last 2 decades, we have applied a repair-oriented surgical approach to patients with active mitral valve endocarditis. We retrospectively analyzed the long-term outcomes with this repair-oriented approach. Between 1991 and 2010, 137 patients underwent operation for active mitral valve endocarditis; of these, 109 patients (80%) had mitral valve repair and represent the study cohort. Repair techniques without patch extension (no-patch techniques) include triangular or quadrangular resection (n = 49), sliding plasty (n = 24), neochordae (n = 18), chordal transfer (n = 12), and others (n = 5). Repair techniques using patch extension (patch techniques) included pericardium (n = 42), tricuspid autograft (n = 8), flip-over technique (n = 7), and partial mitral valve homograft (n = 5). Patches were used in 67 patients (61%). Ring annuloplasty was performed in 60 patients, and a pericardial band was used in 13 patients. Clinical and echocardiographic follow-up were performed. Median follow-up was 48 months. Hospital mortality was 16%. At 8 years, overall survival was 62% ± 10% with no differences between patients with or without patch repair (P = .5). Freedom from mitral valve repair failure was 81% ± 14% in patients with patch repair and 90% ± 10% in patients without patch repair (P = .09). The rate of thromboembolic or bleeding event was 1% per patient-year, and the rate of endocarditis recurrence was 0.3% per patient-year. Univariable predictors of mortality were age more than 70 years (P < .0001), perivalvular abscess (P = .002), diabetes mellitus (P = .0002), and renal failure (P = .04). Predictors of repair failure were renal failure (P = .035) and perivalvular abscess (P = .033). In active mitral valve endocarditis, a repair-oriented surgical approach achieves a reparability rate of 80% with acceptable morbidity and good long-term results. The use of patch techniques offers a durability rate that approximates the rate obtained with the no-patch techniques.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 02/2012; 143(4 Suppl):S91-5. · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • Pediatric Anesthesia 02/2012; 22(2):179-81; author reply 181. · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Preliminary data showed an increase in endogenous erythropoietin (EPO) concentrations after acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Numerous studies have shown the organ protective properties of EPO. The aim of this study was to investigate the cardioprotective effects of these increased EPO concentrations that resulted from ANH during cardiac surgery. A prospective, randomized, blind study. A university hospital. A total of 93 patients undergoing isolated CABG surgery with or without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Subjects with CPB were randomized into the control (C) or ANH group. Those in the off-pump coronary artery bypass group underwent no treatment. In the ANH group, a precalculated amount of blood was withdrawn and replaced by colloids after the induction of anesthesia. Hemodynamic parameters were recorded intra- and postoperatively. Troponin concentrations were measured as a routine parameter postoperatively. Upon intensive care unit arrival, the EPO levels were higher in the ANH group than in the C group. There was no significant difference between the troponin values of the C and the ANH groups at 4 hours postoperatively. In patients undergoing CABG surgery on CPB, an increase in endogenous EPO concentrations in the physiologic range has no cardioprotective effects.
    Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 10/2011; 26(2):251-7. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, the authors used a continuous infusion of either levosimendan or milrinone as inotropic support after corrective congenital cardiac surgery. The hemodynamic and biochemical parameters were compared. A prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical study. A university hospital. Forty-one patients between 0 and 5 years old requiring inotropic support for corrective congenital heart surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were enrolled in this trial. Thirty-six patients completed the study. Patients were randomized in a double-blind fashion to a continuous infusion of either levosimendan at 0.05 μg/kg/min or milrinone at 0.4 μg/kg/min started at the onset of CPB. Epinephrine was started at 0.02 μg/kg/min after aortic cross-clamp release in both groups. There was no significant difference between serum lactate levels of groups. The rate-pressure index (the product of heart rate and systolic blood pressure), which is an indicator of myocardial oxygen demand, was significantly lower at 24 hours and 48 hours postoperatively in the levosimendan group (p < 0.001) in comparison to the milrinone group. Although not significantly different, the troponin values in the levosimendan group were less at 1 hour (median [P(25)-P(75)]: 20.7 [15.3- 48.3] v 34.6 [23.8- 64.5] ng/mL and 4 hours postoperatively: 30.4 [17.3-59.9] v 33.3 [25.5-76.7] ng/mL). Levosimendan is at least as efficacious as milrinone after corrective congenital cardiac surgery in neonates and infants.
    Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 06/2011; 25(3):419-24. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies in healthy subjects have shown an increase in erythropoietin (EPO) production after administration of N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC). These authors hypothesized that NAC increases intracellular reduced glutathione, decreasing reactive oxygen species and enabling EPO production. We investigated if EPO production could be stimulated with a single dose of NAC, after 90 min of pure oxygen breathing. Thirty-eight healthy volunteers were randomized into either the control (C) group or the NAC group, which received 600 mg NAC PO dissolved in a glass of orange juice, 60 min before breathing 15 L/min of 100% normobaric oxygen. Orange juice was administered to both groups. Blood samples for EPO measurement were taken at T0, before the orange juice administration, and T1, T2, T3 and T4, respectively, 8, 24, 32 and 48 h after the orange juice. The EPO concentrations of the NAC group decreased significantly at T1, followed by a significant increase compared to baseline, which was obvious until T4. The EPO concentrations of the C group did not show any significant variations. In this study, a significant increase of EPO production was observed after a short-term hyperoxic stimulus only when preceded with the administration of a single dose of NAC.
    Arbeitsphysiologie 03/2011; 111(11):2681-6. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pre- and postconditioning describe mechanisms whereby short ischemic periods protect an organ against a longer period of ischemia. Interestingly, short ischemic periods of a limb, in itself harmless, may increase the ischemia tolerance of remote organs, e.g. the heart (remote conditioning, RC). Although several studies have shown reduced biomarker release by RC, a reduction of complications and improvement of patient outcome still has to be demonstrated. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common complications after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), affecting 27-46% of patients. It is associated with increased mortality, adverse cardiovascular events, and prolonged in-hospital stay. We hypothesize that remote ischemic pre- and/or post-conditioning reduce the incidence of AF following CABG, and improve patient outcome. This study is a randomized, controlled, patient and investigator blinded multicenter trial. Elective CABG patients are randomized to one of the following four groups: 1) control, 2) remote ischemic preconditioning, 3) remote ischemic postconditioning, or 4) remote ischemic pre- and postconditioning. Remote conditioning is applied at the arm by 3 cycles of 5 minutes of ischemia and reperfusion. Primary endpoint is the incidence AF in the first 72 hours after surgery, detected using a Holter-monitor. Secondary endpoints include length-of-stay on the intensive care unit and in-hospital, and the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events at 30 days, 3 months and 1 year.Based on an expected incidence in the control group of 27%, 195 patients per group are needed to detect with 80% power a reduction by 45% following either pre- or postconditioning, while allowing for a 10% dropout and at an alpha of 0.05. With the combined intervention expected to be stronger, we need 75 patients in this group to detect a reduction in incidence of AF of 60%. The RICO-trial (the effect of Remote Ischemic Conditioning on atrial fibrillation and Outcome) is a randomized controlled multicenter trial, designed to investigate whether remote ischemic pre- and/or post-conditioning of the arm reduce the incidence of AF following CABG surgery. ClinicalTrials.gov under NCT01107184.
    BMC Anesthesiology 01/2011; 11:11. · 1.19 Impact Factor
  • Thrombosis and Haemostasis 02/2010; 103(4):866-7. · 5.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Risk factors for developing Persistent peri-incisional Chest Pain (PCP) after sternotomy are multiple. We examined whether hypoesthesia, hyperalgesia or dysesthesia, evoked in the postoperative period might be associated with PCP after sternotomy. One hundred patients undergoing a sternotomy were evaluated on day 5. Peri-incisional sensory testing was performed using von Frey filament. Presence and severity of PCP were assessed at 2 and 6 months. PCP was present in 29% and 15% of patients respectively at 2 and 6 months. Hyperalgesia on day 5 was present in 43% of patients with PCP at 6 months compared to 15% without PCP. Hypoesthesia was present in 57% of patients with PCP at 6 months compared to 22% without PCP. There was no significant difference in the incidence of dysesthesia. On day 5, hyperalgesia was correlated with a risk to develop PCP at 6 months. Among sensory abnormalities, the presence of hyperalgesia is associated with PCP at 6 months postoperatively.
    Acta anaesthesiologica Belgica 01/2010; 61(2):55-62.
  • European Journal of Anaesthesiology - EUR J ANAESTH. 01/2010; 27.
  • Mona Momeni, Fernande Lois, Luc Jacquet
    Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 11/2008; 22(5):746-7. · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Like adults, children taking beta-blockers are at risk for serious hemodynamic instability in case of anaphylaxis. We report a case of severe bradycardia associated with anaphylactic shock after aprotinin in a beta-blocked child, which was resistant to intravenous epinephrine and vascular filling but was treated successfully with isoproterenol.
    Pediatric Anesthesia 10/2007; 17(9):897-9. · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cystatin C has recently been proposed as an alternative marker of glomerular filtration rate. The study compares cystatin C and creatinine concentrations during cardiopulmonary bypass and the first 72 hours postoperatively in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft. Forty-nine patients with normal preoperative renal and cardiac function were scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft. Blood was sampled for creatinine and cystatin C measurements at 7 time points till 72 hours postoperatively. Glomerular filtration rate was estimated from calculated clearance using the Cockroft and Gault formula for creatinine and Larsson equation for cystatin C. The baseline values of both markers were within the normal range. Their concentrations were comparable during the whole study period. This was also the case for the calculated creatinine and cystatin C clearance. In patients with normal preoperative renal function undergoing coronary artery bypass graft, measured creatinine concentration remains a cheap and easy way of estimating renal function.
    Acta anaesthesiologica Belgica 02/2007; 58(2):107-12.
  • European Journal of Anaesthesiology - EUR J ANAESTH. 01/2007; 24.
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    ABSTRACT: Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) is a delivery system with which patients self-administer predetermined doses of analgesic medication to relieve their pain. Since its introduction in the early 1980s, the daily management of postoperative pain has been extensively optimised. The use of PCA in hospitals has been increasing because of its proven advantages over conventional intramuscular injections. These include improved pain relief, greater patient satisfaction, less sedation and fewer postoperative complications. All PCA modes contain the following variables: initial loading dose, demand dose, lockout interval, background infusion rate and 1-hour or 4-hour limits. Morphine is the most studied and most commonly used intravenous drug for PCA. In spite of the fact that it is the 'first choice' for PCA, other opioids have been successfully used for this option. The most observed adverse effects of opioid-based PCA are nausea and vomiting, pruritus, respiratory depression, sedation, confusion and urinary retention. Although intravenous PCA is the most studied route of PCA, alternative routes have extensively been described in the literature. PCA by means of peridural catheters and peripheral nerve catheters are the most studied. Recently, transdermal PCA has been described. The use of peripheral or neuraxial nerve blocks is recommended to avoid the so called opioid tolerance observed with the intravenous administration of opioids. Numerous studies have shown the superiority of epidural PCA to intravenous PCA. The beneficial postoperative effects of epidural analgesia are more apparent for high-risk patients or those undergoing higher risk procedures. PCA with peripheral nerve catheters results in increased postoperative analgesia and satisfaction for surgery on upper and lower extremities. Serious complications occur rarely with these catheters. With the introduction of an Acute Pain Service, management of postoperative pain can be improved. This will also help to minimise adverse effects related to PCA and to avoid lethal mishaps.
    Drugs 02/2006; 66(18):2321-37. · 4.13 Impact Factor