[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Synthetic arteriovenous grafts, an important option for hemodialysis vascular access, are prone to recurrent stenosis and thrombosis. Supplementation with fish oils has theoretical appeal for preventing these outcomes.
To determine the effect of fish oil on synthetic hemodialysis graft patency and cardiovascular events.
The Fish Oil Inhibition of Stenosis in Hemodialysis Grafts (FISH) study, a randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial conducted at 15 North American dialysis centers from November 2003 through December 2010 and enrolling 201 adults with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (50% women, 63% white, 53% with diabetes), with follow-up for 12 months after graft creation.
Participants were randomly allocated to receive fish oil capsules (four 1-g capsules/d) or matching placebo on day 7 after graft creation.
Proportion of participants experiencing graft thrombosis or radiological or surgical intervention during 12 months' follow-up.
The risk of the primary outcome did not differ between fish oil and placebo recipients (48/99 [48%] vs 60/97 [62%], respectively; relative risk, 0.78 [95% CI, 0.60 to 1.03; P = .06]). However, the rate of graft failure was lower in the fish oil group (3.43 vs 5.95 per 1000 access-days; incidence rate ratio [IRR], 0.58 [95% CI, 0.44 to 0.75; P < .001]). In the fish oil group, there were half as many thromboses (1.71 vs 3.41 per 1000 access-days; IRR, 0.50 [95% CI, 0.35 to 0.72; P < .001]); fewer corrective interventions (2.89 vs 4.92 per 1000 access-days; IRR, 0.59 [95% CI, 0.44 to 0.78; P < .001]); improved cardiovascular event-free survival (hazard ratio, 0.43 [95% CI, 0.19 to 0.96; P = .04]); and lower mean systolic blood pressure (-3.61 vs 4.49 mm Hg; difference, -8.10 [95% CI, -15.4 to -0.85]; P = .01).
Among patients with new hemodialysis grafts, daily fish oil ingestion did not decrease the proportion of grafts with loss of native patency within 12 months. Although fish oil improved some relevant secondary outcomes such as graft patency, rates of thrombosis, and interventions, other potential benefits on cardiovascular events require confirmation in future studies.
isrctn.org Identifier: ISRCTN15838383.
JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 05/2012; 307(17):1809-16. · 29.98 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Arteriovenous grafts (AVG) are the predominant form of permanent vascular access used among hemodialysis (HD) patients in North America but suffer from high intervention and complication rates associated with vascular stenosis. The fish oil inhibition of stenosis in hemodialysis grafts (FISH) study evaluates the efficacy of fish oil in improving HD graft patency.
This study is a multi-center, randomized, double blind placebo-controlled clinical trial of 232 chronic HD patients who require a new graft access. Participants are randomized to fish oil versus placebo post-operatively. The primary endpoint is the proportion of AVG with loss of native patency within 12 months of creation. Secondary endpoints are aimed to determine the effect of fish oil on factors that may promote stenosis and thrombosis. Cumulative patency rates, survival analysis, and analysis of inflammatory markers and adverse events will provide a better understanding of the potential effect of fish oil on a patient's vascular access and cardiovascular system. The FISH study is registered at current controlled trials (www.controlled-trials.com) ISRCTN: 15838383.
Details of the study protocol are described including mechanisms of reducing bias through randomization and double blinding, sample size determination, evaluation of patient adherence, access monitoring, and the safety of using fish oil. The main challenges of designing and implementing this study, including using a natural supplement as an intervention in modern medical practice and recruitment of graft recipients in the ;fistula first' environment are discussed.
This is the first large, multicenter, randomized controlled trial of a natural supplement in preventing HD graft stenosis and thrombosis.