Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: Association between angiographic coronary stenosis morphology and acute coronary syndrome manifestation in patients with ischemic heart disease.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) often show complex morphology of coronary stenosis at angiography. In the present study we evaluated the association between different clinical forms of manifestation of acute coronary syndrome and the angiographic morphological patterns of coronary stenosis. A total of 112 patients with angiographically verified single vessel coronary artery disease were divided into two groups: a control group of 44 patients with simple coronary stenosis at angiography and a study group of 66 patients with complex coronary stenosis. Angiographic analysis was performed using a modified Ambrose classification. The two groups were compared according to the manifestation and distribution of the acute coronary syndrome based on Braunwald classification. There were no statistically significant differences between the mean values of stenosis severity in the group with simple stenosis (79.8% +/- 10.7%) and the group with complex stenosis (82.7% +/- 8.2%) (P > 0.05). The incidence of current acute coronary syndrome - unstable angina or myocardial infarction - was higher in the group with complex stenosis (30.00% +/- 8.37% vs. 52.00% +/- 7.07%, P < 0.05). Patients with previous ACS were prevailing in the group with simple stenosis (70.00% +/- 8.37% vs. 48.00% +/- 7.07%, P < 0.05). Complex coronary stenosis is associated with higher prevalence of acute coronary syndrome in acute clinical stage while simple coronary stenosis is associated with higher prevalence of previous acute coronary syndrome. A possible metamorphosis of coronary stenoses is taken into consideration.Folia medica 01/2007; 49(1-2):16-21.
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies focusing on the changes of heart rate, systolic blood pressure and dyspnea caused by the six-minute (6MWT) and shuttle walking distance tests (ISWT) have produced conflicting data. The present study aims at comparing the cardiovascular and dyspnea responses to 6MWT and ISWT in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Twenty patients with clinically stable COPD (age, 56 +/- 9 yrs; BMI, 27.8 +/- 7.7 kg.m(-2); FEV1%pred, 42 +/- 19%; mean +/- Sx) performed three 6MWTs and two ISWTs using standardised protocols. The distances walked in the third 6MWT and second ISWT were 458 +/- 105 and 365 +/- 116 m, respectively. There was a significant correlation between the distances covered in the two tests (r = 0.87; p < 0.001). The 6MWT and ISWT showed similar correlation coefficients with the Baseline Dyspnea Index (r = 0.86; p < 0.001 and r = 0.76; p < 0.001), the Clinical Symptom Scale (r= -0.72; p < 0.001 and r= -0.55; p = 0.011), FEV1 L (r = 0.36; NS and r = 0.30; NS), PImax (r = 0.59; p < 0.008 and r = 0.60; p = 0.001) and the mean pulmonary artery pressure, Doppler echocardiography (r= -0.51; p < 0.029 and r = -0.51; p = 0.032). Although the response to ISWT tended to be greater, we found no statistically significant differences between the two tests in the changes of heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and dyspnea (Borg) (deltaHR, 17.9 +/- 13.4 vs 23.8 +/- 15.4; deltaSBP, 7.7 +/- 14.6 vs 13.0 +/- 17.0 and deltaBorg, 1.7 +/- 1.1 vs 2.2 +/- 0.9; NS). CONCLUSION: The cardiovascular and dyspnea response caused by ISWT is greater (but statistically not significant) than that generated by 6MWT. The more limited the functional capacity of COPD patients the more similar the response generated by 6MWT and ISWT.Folia medica 01/2003; 45(3):26-33.