ABSTRACT: Parasites morphologically consistent with Anisakis simplex sensu lato collected from the coast of Japan and Western North Pacific Ocean were examined by PCR-RFLP of the ITS region (ITS1, 5.8 subunit rRNA gene and ITS2) and mtDNA cox1. The RFLP patterns of rDNA generated by HinfI and HhaI showed that 100% of the larvae collected from Hokkaido and 94% of adults collected from Western North Pacific Ocean were identified as A. simplex sensu stricto. On the other hand, 97% of the larvae collected from Fukuoka prefecture were identified as A. pegreffii. A hybrid genotype was found in adults in Western North Pacific Ocean and larva in Fukuoka prefecture. These findings revealed that A. simplexs. str. is primarily distributed in the North Pacific Ocean and A. pegreffii is primarily distributed in the southern Sea of Japan. RFLP analysis of mtDNA cox1 showed different patterns between A. simplex s. str. and A. pegreffii after digestion with HinfI. This polymorphism obtained by RFLP analysis of mtDNA cox1 proved the usefulness as new genetic markers to distinguish two sibling species.
Parasitology International 01/2007; 55(4):267-71. · 2.13 Impact Factor