Young-Jun Lim

Dankook University, Yŏng-dong, North Chungcheong, South Korea

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Publications (36)45.48 Total impact

  • Ki-Seong Kim, Jung-Suk Han, Young-Jun Lim
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the settling of abutments into implants and the removal torque values (RTVs) before and after cyclic loading. Materials and Methods: Five different implant-abutment connections were tested: Ext = external butt joint + two-piece abutment; Int-H2 = internal hexagon + two-piece abutment; Int-H1 = internal hexagon + one-piece abutment; Int-O2 = internal octagon + two-piece abutment; and Int-O1 = internal octagon + one-piece abutment. Ten abutments from each group were secured to their corresponding implants (total n = 50). All samples were tested in a universal testing machine with a vertical load of 250 N for 100,000 cycles of 14 Hz. The amount of settling of the abutment into the implant was calculated from the change in the total length of the implant-abutment sample before and after loading, as measured with an electronic digital micrometer. The RTV after cyclic loading was compared to the initial RTV with a digital torque gauge. Statistical analysis was performed at a 5% significance level. Results: A multiple-comparison test showed specific significant differences in settling values in each group after 250 N cyclic loading (Int-H1, Ext < Int-H2 < Int-O2 < Int-O1). There were statistically significant decreases in RTVs after loading compared to the initial RTVs in the Int-H2 and Int-O2 groups. No statistically significant differences were found in the Ext, Int-H1, and Int-O1 groups. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrated that the settling amount and RTV (loss of preload) after cyclic loading were specific to the abutment type and related to the design characteristics of the implant-abutment connection.
    The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants 09/2014; 29(5):1079-1084. · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accuracy of three techniques for correction of cast implant bars. Thirty cast implant bars were fabricated on a metal master model. All cast implant bars were sectioned at 5 mm from the left gold cylinder using a disk of 0.3 mm thickness, and then each group of ten specimens was corrected by gas-air torch soldering, laser welding, and additional casting technique. Three dimensional evaluation including horizontal, vertical, and twisting measurements was based on measurement and comparison of (1) gap distances of the right abutment replica-gold cylinder interface at buccal, distal, lingual side, (2) changes of bar length, and (3) axis angle changes of the right gold cylinders at the step of the post-correction measurements on the three groups with a contact and non-contact coordinate measuring machine. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and paired t-test were performed at the significance level of 5%. Gap distances of the cast implant bars after correction procedure showed no statistically significant difference among groups. Changes in bar length between pre-casting and post-correction measurement were statistically significance among groups. Axis angle changes of the right gold cylinders were not statistically significance among groups. There was no statistical significance among three techniques in horizontal, vertical and axial errors. But, gas-air torch soldering technique showed the most consistent and accurate trend in the correction of implant bar error. However, Laser welding technique, showed a large mean and standard deviation in vertical and twisting measurement and might be technique-sensitive method.
    The journal of advanced prosthodontics 02/2014; 6(1):39-45.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this report is to present and discuss the clinical procedure of an implant-supported removable partial denture for a partially edentulous patient who exhibited a severely resorbed ridge and a collapsed vertical stop. The 67-year-old partially edentulous patient presented with a lack of vertical stop and an advanced transverse arch discrepancy. For the maxilla, an implant-supported removable partial denture was fabricated on bilateral distal implant abutments. The mandibular arch was restored with an implant-supported fixed partial denture, since it was expected to function more properly than a removable partial denture. This clinical report demonstrates a successful treatment approach to restore oral function and appearance for the patient.
    Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany: 1985) 01/2014; · 0.64 Impact Factor
  • Joon-Seok Lee, Young-Jun Lim
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this clinical report were to present and discuss the clinical procedure and the treatment considerations of prosthetic rehabilitation after myofascial flap surgery. A 78-year-old edentulous woman with a squamous cell carcinoma underwent hemimaxillectomy. A temporalis myofascial flap surgery combined with implant-supported prosthesis is one successful approach to the restoration of oral function after hemimaxillectomy. Although the bulky and mobile nature of a temporalis myofascial flap prevented the retention of a tissue-borne denture, an appropriate impression technique and the fabrication of implant-supported prosthesis using an implant attachment system enhanced the overall satisfaction by the patient.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 01/2014; · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, the demand for esthetic improvement by a treatment neither time consuming nor invasive is increasing. The patient wanted the maxillary anterior teeth appearance to be improved by prosthetic treatment, not other treatments such as orthodontic, periodontal, and endodontic treatments, despite the limit of esthetic improvement. In this case, among the recent variety of all ceramic systems for the aesthetic prosthetic restoration, we selected the zirconia-based system as a method of restoration in order to conceal the discoloration of teeth. The patient was satisfied with the esthetic results.
    Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science. 01/2013; 29(1).
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    ABSTRACT: It will be possible to predict the success and failure of the prosthodontic treatment and prevent clinical complications if the oral environment including prostheses and their supporting teeth and periodontium can be monitored in real time. The aim of this report is to introduce the concept of a smart prosthesis, which monitors specific factors in the oral cavity, and investigate its feasibility through a literature review of MEMS (Micro-electro-mechanical System) and Biosensing.
    Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science. 01/2013; 29(3).
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective. The aim of the present study was to analyze the changes in the gonial angle, ramus height, condyle height and cortical bone thickness in relation to gender and dental status in elderly patients. Materials and methods. The study population comprised 240 patients (age ranged from 60-69 years) who had digital panoramic radiographs taken for various purposes. One group consisted of 120 patients, 60 men and 60 women, who had all natural teeth present except for third molars. The second group consisted of the remaining 120 patients (60 men and 60 women) who were in a completely edentulous state (maxilla and mandible). The gonial angle, ramus height, condylar height and cortical bone thickness of the mandible were measured by computer software on their panoramic radiographs. Results. Women showed larger gonial angles than men, while men had greater cortical bone thickness and ramus height (p < 0.05). However, no significant difference in condylar height was found between both genders (p > 0.05). Edentulous subjects had a larger gonial angle than dentate subjects, while dentate subjects had greater cortical bone thickness on both sides and left side of condylar height (p < 0.05). The gonial angle had statistically negative correlations with cortical bone thickness and ramus height, regardless of gender. Conclusions. The outcomes of the present study indicate that the edentulous women undergo morphological changes of the mandible influenced by the dental status more than men.
    Acta odontologica Scandinavica 07/2012; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the ultraviolet-light-induced photocatalytic bactericidal effects of titanium surfaces on Streptococcus sanguinis in the presence of saliva-coating. Three different titanium disks were prepared: machined (MA), heat-treated (HT), and anodized surfaces (AO). Each disk was incubated with whole saliva or phosphate-buffered saline for 2 h. Antibacterial tests were performed by incubating a S. sanguinis suspension with each disk for 90 or 180 min under ultraviolet (UV) illumination. The viable counts of bacteria were enumerated from the cell suspension and the UV-light-induced photocatalytic bactericidal effects were determined by the bacterial survival rate. Without saliva-coating, AO disks exhibited significantly decreased bacterial survival rates compared to MA disks. The bacterial survival rates of the HT disks were intermediate between MA and AO in the absence of saliva-coating. However, saliva-coating significantly increased bacterial survival rates in all surface types. There was no significant difference in bacterial survival rates among the three surface types after saliva-coating. This study suggests that Ti-based antibacterial implant materials using TiO2 photocatalyst may have a limitation for intraoral use.
    Applied Surface Science 07/2012; 258(18):6841–6845. · 2.54 Impact Factor
  • Joon-Seok Lee, Young-Jun Lim
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    ABSTRACT: Lower survival rates were observed for the implant placed in the anterior maxilla. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of different implant lengths on the stress distribution around osseointegrated implants under a static loading condition in the anterior maxilla using a three-dimensional finite element analysis. The diameter of 4.0 mm external type implants of different lengths (8.5 mm, 10.0 mm, 11.5 mm, 13.0 mm, 15.0 mm) was used in this study. The anterior maxilla was assumed to be D3 bone quality. All the material was assumed to be homogenous, isotropic and linearly elastic. The implant-bone interface was constructed using a rigid element for simulating the osseointegrated condition. Then, 176 N of static force was applied on the middle of the palatoincisal line angle of the abutment at a 120°angle to the long axis of abutment. The von Mises stress value was measured with an interval of 0.25 mm along the bone-implant interface. Incremental increase in implant length causes a gradual reduction of maximum and average von Mises stress at the labial portion within the implant. In the bone, higher stress was concentrated within cortical bone area and more distributed at the labial cortex, while cancellous bone showed relatively low stress concentration and even distribution. An increase in implant length reduced stress gradients at the cortical peri-implant region. Implant length affects the mechanisms of load transmission to the osseointegrated implant. On the basis of this study the biomechanical stress-based performance of implants placed in the anterior maxilla improves when using longer implants.
    Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering 03/2012; · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the stress distribution around the bone-implant interface and the effect of the length of an immediately loaded implant in the anterior maxilla using a finite element model with simulated loading stresses. Four-mm-diameter external-hex implants with different lengths (8.5, 10.0, 11.5, 13.0, and 15.0 mm) were used in this study. The anterior maxilla was assumed to be D3 bone quality. All of the material was assumed to be homogenous, isotropic, and linearly elastic. Average bone deformation during implant placement was calculated through the simulation process, and using this, insertion stress was created. The bone-implant interface was constructed using a contact element to simulate a nonosseointegrated condition. Then, 176 N of static force was applied at the middle of the palatoincisal line angle of the abutment at a 120-degree angle to the long axis of the abutment. The von Mises stresses were measured at intervals of 0.25 mm along the bone-implant interface. Prior to loading, the stresses were evenly distributed around the implant and highly concentrated in the cortical area. When the load was applied, von Mises stresses were concentrated in the cortical bone of the implant neck area. More favorable stress distribution was seen with increasing implant length. However, when the implant length reached 15.0 mm, the stresses increased. In the maxilla, when immediate loading is applied after implant placement, 11.5- and 13.0-mm-long single implants showed more favorable stress patterns than the others analyzed. If implants longer than 15.0 mm are used in immediate loading, sufficient bone volume in the recipient site should be considered an important factor.
    The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants 03/2012; 27(2):295-302. · 1.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) polymer is of great interest as an alternative to titanium in orthopedics because of its biocompatibility and low elastic modulus. This study evaluated the fatigue limits of PEEK and the effects of the low elastic modulus PEEK in relation to existing dental implants. Compressive loading tests were performed with glass fiber-reinforced PEEK (GFR-PEEK), carbon fiber-reinforced PEEK (CFR-PEEK), and titanium rods. Among these tests, GFR-PEEK fatigue tests were performed according to ISO 14801. For the finite element analysis, three-dimensional models of dental implants and bone were constructed. The implants in the test groups were coated with a 0.5-mm thick and 5-mm long PEEK layer on the upper intrabony area. The strain energy densities (SED) were calculated, and the bone resorption was predicted. The fatigue limits of GFR-PEEK were 310 N and were higher than the static compressive strength of GFR-PEEK. The bone around PEEK-coated implants showed higher levels of SED than the bone in direct contact with the implants, and the wider diameter and stiffer implants showed lower levels of SED. The compressive strength of the GFR-PEEK and CFR-PEEK implants ranged within the bite force of the anterior and posterior dentitions, respectively, and the PEEK implants showed adequate fatigue limits for replacing the anterior teeth. Dental implants with PEEK coatings and PEEK implants may reduce stress shielding effects. Dental implant application of PEEK polymer-fatigue limit and stress shielding.
    Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B Applied Biomaterials 02/2012; 100(4):1044-52. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIM: The purposes of this study were (1) to investigate the bucco-lingual course of the mandibular canal in the bony structure and (2) to figure out the relationship between the position of mental foramen on panoramic radiographs and the horizontal course of the mandibular canal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A database of panoramic radiography and spiral computed tomography (CT) scans was searched and 100 subjects were selected based on the criteria. Mental foramina were classified into four groups according to its antero-posterior position. Three measurements were made on each slice of coronal CT scans at three different points: (1) apex of second premolar; (2) median point of two root apexes of first molar; and (3) median point of two root apexes of second molar. The bucco-lingual ratios were calculated to access the relative bucco-lingual position of the mandibular canal. RESULTS: The distribution of subjects according to the type of mental foramen was: (1) type 3, 67%; (2) type 2, 26%; (3) type 4, 5%; and (4) type 1, 2%. The overall horizontal course of the mandibular canal was relatively constant from the second molar to first molar, whereas much significant directional change was found on the remaining course. Between types 2 and 3, no statistically significant differences were found at the level of the second molar and first molar (P = 0.461 and 0.965, respectively). Only below the second premolar, significant differences were found (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings of our computed tomographic image analysis, the position of mental foramen on panoramic radiographs was affected by its horizontal course of inferior alveolar nerve. The significant horizontal direction change of the course was found after the canal passing below the mandibular first molar regardless of the antero-posterior position of mental foramen.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 01/2012; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In previous studies, methods for enhancing cellular response on the Hydroxyapatite coated implant surface were described. In this study, the changes of surface characteristics such as surface roughness, contact angle, surface energy and surface morphology were observed when Hydroxyapatite coated Ti discs were immersed in NaCl solution for various time. Hydroxyapatite coated Ti discs were immersed in 0.9% NaCl solution for 7, 14 and 21 days at . The control group comprises dry identical discs not immersed in a solution. (n=3) All discs were dried in air completely and the surface roughness was measured using confocal laser scanning microscopy(CLSM). Static contact angle was recorded by video contact angle analyzer after dropping distilled water on the surface. The surface energy was calculated from contact angles of the three liquids. Surface was observed using a field emission-scanning electron microscope(FE-SEM). As a result, the surface roughness of immersed Hydroxyapatite coated Ti discs increased significantly and the contact angle decreased comparing with control group discs. The surface energy of immersed discs increased except for discs immersed for 14 days.
    Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science. 01/2012; 28(4).
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    ABSTRACT: Denture adhesive is the material using for enhancing retention and function of the denture. For a long time, denture adhesive was regarded as a repulsive material for dentist. However, it seems that the needs for using this is increasing. This study was planned to recognize the denture adhesive about kinds, components, and action mechanisms through literature review, and also evaluate its clinical effects and implications.
    Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science. 01/2012; 28(2).
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the initial stability of different implants placed above the bone level in different types of bone. As described by Lekholm and Zarb, cortical layers of bovine bone specimens were trimmed to a thickness of 2 mm, 1 mm or totally removed to reproduce bone types II, III, and IV respectively. Three Implant system (Brånemark System® Mk III TiUnite™, Straumann Standard Implant SLA®, and Astra Tech Microthread™-OsseoSpeed™) were tested. Control group implants were placed in level with the bone, while test group implants were placed 1, 2, 3, and 4 mm above the bone level. Initial stability was evaluated by resonance frequency analysis. Data was statistically analyzed by one-way analysis of variance in confidence level of 95%. The effective implant length and the Implant Stability Quotient (ISQ) were compared using simple linear regression analysis. In the control group, there was a significant difference in the ISQ values of the 3 implants in bone types III and IV (P<.05). The ISQ values of each implant decreased with increased effective implant length in all types of bone. In type II bone, the decrease in ISQ value per 1-mm increase in effective implant length of the Brånemark and Astra implants was less than that of the Straumann implant. In bone types III and IV, this value in the Astra implant was less than that in the other 2 implants. The initial stability was much affected by the implant design in bone types III, IV and the implant design such as the short pitch interval was beneficial to the initial stability of implants placed above the bone level.
    The journal of advanced prosthodontics 12/2011; 3(4):190-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this clinical report was to present and discuss the clinical procedure and the treatment considerations of prosthetic rehabilitation for hemimaxillectomy patients. A 61-year-old man was successfully treated with all the remaining teeth reconstruction including replacing the implant-supported anterior fixed prosthesis and maxillary obturator. An appropriate obturator design, remaining teeth reconstruction, and establishment of a proper vertical dimension of occlusion are important for acceptable facial appearance and patient satisfaction.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 11/2011; 22(6):2359-61. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Periodic fluoride treatment may contribute to the ability of fresh orthodontic adhesives to provide long-term F(-) release. The effects of periodic fluoride treatment on the amount of F(-) release from fresh orthodontic adhesives was investigated. F(-) release was measured from a nonfluoride-releasing composite, a fluoride-releasing composite, a polyacid-modified composite (compomer), and two resin-modified glass-ionomer cements (RMGICs) at 1, 2, and 5 days after one of the following treatments: 225 ppm F(-) solution, 900 ppm F(-) solution, acidulated phosphate fluoride gel (APF), fluoridated dentifrice, and deionised water (control). F(-) release was measured in a 5-day cycle, which was repeated 9 consecutive times. The amount of F(-) release for each group was analysed using the repeated measures analysis of variance. Statistical significance was set at a level of α=0.05. Periodic fluoride treatment temporarily increased F(-) release in fresh fluoride-releasing orthodontic adhesives, but not in fresh nonfluoride-releasing composite. The order of effective fluoride-release was RMGICs>compomer>fluoride-releasing composite>nonfluoride-releasing composite. The application of APF or 900 ppm F(-) solution was the most effective way to maintain F(-) release from fresh orthodontic adhesives. However, the amount of F(-) release gradually decreased with increasing specimen age. Given the difficulty of routine use of APF at home, the results of this study show that a combination of RMGICs and high-dose fluoride mouth rinse is the most effective protocol to maintain F(-) release from fresh orthodontic adhesives. Most studies have investigated fluoride-uptake abilities using aged materials in which fluoride had been lost for at least 1 month. This study has found that periodic fluoride treatment altered the conventional F(-) release pattern of fresh fluoride-releasing materials and type of fluoride-containing medium plays a more critical role in fluoride recharging of the materials than fluoride concentration. This study will help clinicians to find the most effective fluoride treatment protocol of fresh materials.
    Journal of dentistry 08/2011; 39(11):788-94. · 3.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study tested the hypothesis that there would be differences in primary stability due to the presence of self cutting blades. We investigated the effect of a self-cutting blade implant design on the primary stability of tapered dental implants in a simulated low-density bone model. Implant fixtures with 2 different designs, one with self-cutting blades and the other without self-cutting blades, were fabricated in the same implant system. Insertion torque, resonance frequency analysis, reverse torque, and pull-out and push-in tests were evaluated in grade no. 10 solid rigid polyurethane foam. All 5 assessments of the group without self-cutting blades were significantly higher than those of the self-cutting group (P < .001). The implants without self-cutting blades create a lateral compression with increased contact surface area and consequently improve the primary stability in a simulated low-density bone model.
    Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontology 03/2011; 112(5):573-80. · 1.50 Impact Factor
  • Yung-Soo Kim, Young-Jun Lim
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this biomechanical study was to assess the influence of self-tapping blades in terms of primary implant stability between implants with self-tapping blades and implants without self-tapping blades using five different analytic methods, especially in medium-density bone. Two different types of dental implants (4 × 10 mm) were tested: self-tapping and non-self-tapping. The fixture design including thread profiles was exactly the same between the two groups; the only difference was the presence of cutting blades on one half of the apical portion of the implant body. Solid rigid polyurethane blocks with corresponding densities were selected to simulate medium-density bone. Five mechanical assessments (insertion torque, resonance frequency analysis [RFA], reverse torque, pull-out and push in test) were performed for primary stability. Implants without self-tapping blades showed significantly higher values (P<0.001) in four biomechanical assessments, except RFA (P=0.684). However, a statistically significant correlation could not be detected between insertion torque values with the four different outcome variables (P>0.05). The outcomes of the present study indicate that the implant body design without self-tapping blades has a good primary stability compared with that with self-tapping blades in medium-density bone. Considering the RFA, a distinct layer of cortical bone on marginal bone will yield implant stability quotient values similar to those in medium-bone density when implants have the same diameter.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 02/2011; 22(10):1179-84. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Titanium dioxide (TiO2), a photocatalyst, is known to decompose various organic compounds under ultraviolet (UV) illumination by generating various radicals, which is useful for killing bacteria. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the photocatalytic bactericidal effects of variously treated titanium surfaces on Streptococcus sanguinis SL1. Specimens were fabricated from grade 4 commercially pure titanium, 10 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness. Three different surfaces were prepared: anodized (AO) at 270 V, heat-treated (HT), and machined (MA). Surface analysis was performed using confocal laser scanning microscope, scanning electron microscopy, and thin-film x-ray diffractometry. The antibacterial activities were assessed by comparing adhesion and survival rates of S sanguinis on various surfaces under UV illumination. The AO surface was rougher than the HT and MA surfaces. The AO surface showed TiO2 peaks of anatase structure, while the HT surface showed TiO2 peaks of rutile structure in x-ray diffractometry. HT and AO surfaces showed significantly decreased bacterial adhesion under UV illumination (AO and HT > control, AO > MA). In addition, bacterial adhesion decreased more significantly with extended UV illumination time. With respect to survival rates of bacteria, AO and HT showed a significant reduction over time compared to MA. The photocatalytic bactericidal effect was maximal on the AO titanium, followed by HT and MA. The photo-induced bactericidal efficacy of TiO2 films is dependent on their surface characteristics.
    The International journal of oral & maxillofacial implants 01/2011; 26(1):39-44. · 1.91 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

102 Citations
45.48 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Dankook University
      • Department of Dentistry
      Yŏng-dong, North Chungcheong, South Korea
  • 2006–2011
    • Seoul National University
      • • Department of Dentistry
      • • College of Dentistry
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • Samsung Medical Center
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea