ABSTRACT: Significant chronic kidney disease (CKD) occurs following orthotopic liver transplant (OLT). Since CKD is associated with increased cardiovascular events, mortality, and hepatic allograft dysfunction, early recognition of CKD and implementation of changes may improve the long-term outcome. The purpose of this study was to determine the burden of renal disease following OLT.
We retrospectively reviewed our OLT recipients from 1997 until 2004. We calculated glomerular filtration rates (GFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study (MDRD) method. The GFRs were further subdivided into pre-MELD and post-MELD eras.
During the study period, we performed 407 OLTs. We censored data from living donor liver transplants (n = 14), combined liver-kidney transplants (n = 12), and from patients whom we did not have complete data for 6 months after transplant (n = 40). Mean MELD score at the time of transplant was 18 +/- 7 (mean +/- standard deviation). The mean GFR at 6 months following OLT was 63.7 +/- 30.2 mL/min per 1.73 m(2). Only 14% (n = 47) of our patients had normal renal function at 6 months, while 78% (n = 266) of our patients had mild to moderate risk for renal failure. Eight percent (n = 28) had stage 4 or 5 CKD. There were no differences between the pre-MELD and post-MELD GFRs.
The burden of renal disease is significant in our patient population at 6 months posttransplantation. It may be important to introduce CKD management as early as 6 months after transplant to impact the outcomes of OLT recipients.
Transplantation Proceedings 01/2007; 38(10):3663-5. · 1.00 Impact Factor