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Publications (5)5.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The internal mammary artery (IMA) is the standard recipient vessel for autologous breast reconstruction. To save the IMA for bypass surgery, to keep flap pedicles short, and to allow better flap positioning, the IMA perforators were used. Forty-six flaps for immediate breast reconstructions were performed in 39 patients. In the first 22 patients, the decision to use the perforators was clinically based. In the second group of 17 patients, all patients received a thoracic computed tomographic angiography (CTA) to determine the perforators. In 13 flaps (6 deep inferior epigastric artery perforator, 3 superficial inferior epigastric artery, and 4 transverse myocutaneous gracilis), the perforators were used as recipient vessels. Of these flaps, 5 were anastomosed to perforators before the CTA was applied and 8 after the CTA was established. The CTA revealed the IMA and the perforators in detail. In immediate reconstructions, the IMA perforators can be used as recipient vessels. They allow better flap positioning for superficial inferior epigastric artery and transverse myocutaneous gracilis flaps in particular; moreover, it decreases donor site and recipient site morbidity. After introducing the CTA, the perforators were used more frequently for anastomosis.
    Annals of plastic surgery 08/2012; · 1.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autologous breast reconstruction is predominantly performed using free transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous or deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps. However, some patients are not suitable candidates for flaps from the lower abdomen. The transverse skin island of the gracilis muscle presents an additional option, as it includes tissue from the posterior upper thigh/lower buttock and thus delivers the amount of tissue necessary for breast reconstruction. In 2007, the authors' unit performed 73 free flaps for breast reconstruction subsequent to carcinoma, implant-related capsular fibrosis, and breast asymmetry. The transverse myocutaneous gracilis flap was used 32 times. The ventral margin was the greater saphenous vein, and the posterior margin was the midline of the inferior gluteal fold. The skin island could be harvested to a width of up to 30 cm and a height of up to 10 cm. The donor site was closed primarily. Thirty-two flaps were performed in 20 patients. Mean follow-up was 6 months. Mean operating time was 220 minutes for unilateral and 325 minutes for bilateral cases. All flaps and donor sites healed uneventfully. An initially described "tight feeling" at the thigh ceased after 2 to 3 weeks. Persistent hypesthesia of the dorsal thigh was not noted. A major asymmetry of the thigh in unilateral transplantations was not apparent. After 6 months, all flaps were soft. The transverse myocutaneous gracilis flap is a safe, fast flap for reconstruction after benign and malignant breast disease. It combines a constant vascular pedicle with soft subcutaneous tissue that has breast-like characteristics.
    Plastic and reconstructive surgery 12/2008; 122(5):1326-33. · 2.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: While free TRAM or DIEP flaps are still the most common techniques for autologous breast reconstruction, there are also other flaps which are suitable for patients who are not candidates for a TRAM/DIEP flap. In addition to the S-GAP or I-GAP, the transverse myocutaneous gracilis (TMG) flap is an excellent alternative. The tissue utilised is taken from the medial thigh and inferior gluteal area. PATIENTS AND OPERATIONS: We have performed 37 TMG flap operations on 23 patients since 2007. The indications were breast cancer, asymmetry of the breasts and capsular fibrosis. The average age of our patients was 47 years. Incisions are similar to those of a transverse thigh lift. The flap is nourished by perforators from the gracilis and its proximal dominant pedicle. The landmark ventrally is the greater saphenous vein and midpoint of the inferior gluteal fold on the dorsal side. Its size can go up to 30 x 10 cm. Recipient vessels are the internal thoracic vessels. The donor site is closed primarily. All of our patients are immobilised for 2 days and were instructed to avoid sitting for 2 weeks. 12 patients were reconstructed after breast cancer, 8 patients had a capsular fibrosis and 3 patients had an asymmetry. The follow-up period was 8 months. Mean operating time for unilateral reconstruction is 220 minutes, for bilateral reconstruction 325 minutes. The weight of the flaps varied from 220 to 440 grams. It takes approximately 30 minutes to harvest the flap. There was no flap loss. Some of the patients described a tight feeling on the thighs for 3 weeks. They described a hypaesthesia on the dorsal thighs. There was one delayed wound healing caused by haematoma. In our department, the TMG has become the most preferred flap for breast reconstruction besides the TRAM/DIEP. Especially slim patients with small breasts or a history of surgery on the abdominal wall are ideal candidates. The tissue from the medial thigh is very similar to the breast tissue. The constant vascular anatomy makes it easy to harvest the flap. The resulting scar is well hidden in the patients' underwear.
    Handchirurgie · Mikrochirurgie · Plastische Chirurgie 09/2008; 40(4):262-6. · 0.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to evaluate social reintegration and patients' perception after breast reconstruction with the free TRAM/DIEP flap. Between 2004 and 2006, 100 patients with an average age of 48 years with breast cancer, capsular contracture and lymphangioma underwent single or second stage autologous tissue transfer. In 7 patients reconstruction was performed on both sides (altogether 107 flaps). The patients were seen for postoperative evaluation and were asked for their personal acceptance after reconstruction. Postoperatively, no instability of the abdominal wall was seen. 3 patients had a total flap loss, in 2 patients a partial loss was evident, 1 had a hematoma, 2 showed successfully treated thrombosis of the flap vein, and 2 patients suffered from wound healing problems at the flap and 4 patients at the abdomen. Aesthetic results concerning natural feeling and breast symmetry were graded as excellent and patients' satisfaction was high.
    Handchirurgie · Mikrochirurgie · Plastische Chirurgie 01/2007; 38(6):417-25. · 0.86 Impact Factor
  • O Frerichs, A Cervelli, S Schirmer, H Fansa