Alfimeprase is a recombinant, direct-acting fibrinolytic zinc metalloprotease. Alfimeprase has direct proteolytic activity primarily against the fibrin(ogen) Aalpha chain. Alfimeprase is covalently bound and neutralised by serum alpha(2)-macroglobulin, a prevalent mammalian protease inhibitor. Preclinical pharmacology studies have shown that fibrinolysis with alfimeprase is up to sixfold more rapid than with select plasminogen activators, such as tissue-type plasminogen activator and urokinase. Alfimeprase directly delivered to a site of thrombosis has the potential to be a fast and effective fibrinolytic, which does not generate the systemic lytic state seen with plasminogen activators that is associated with major bleeding, including intracerebral haemorrhage. Phase I and II studies in individuals with arterial or venous thrombotic events indicate that alfimeprase is active and generally well tolerated.
Expert opinion on biological therapy 01/2007; 6(12):1361-9. DOI:10.1517/147125220.127.116.111 · 3.65 Impact Factor