ABSTRACT: The development of antibiotic resistance is a danger to the health of the population, especially for children,due to low antimicrobial arsenal available to them.
We performed a retrospective observational study referred to the prescriptions of systemic antibiotic in the paediatric population of Castilla y León in the years 2001 to 2010.
The total use of antibiotics outside hospitals is around to 20.7 DID (defined daily dose per 1,000 inhabitants per day). There are two different phases: the first from 2001 to 2007 where there is an increase of consumption, with a peak of 25 DID in 2003, following a phase of decline, with a minimum of 18 DID in 2010. Broad-spectrum penicillins are the most used. We also observe changes in prescription trends. It has a clear seasonal prescription profile related to acute respiratory infections (ARI) of winter, stands in February. The use of antibiotics varies substantially between different Health Areas.
We observed a decrease in antibiotic prescription to children in the last three years. Changes in the prescription profile for amoxicillin and at the expense of greater spectrum antibacterial antibiotics indicate a better match to therapeutic guidelines in recent years. The variability found in different Health Areas suggests the need for improvement in the rational use of antibiotic, at least to some.
Revista espanola de quimioterapia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Quimioterapia 06/2012; 25(2):139-46. · 0.81 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine if there were differences in the antibiotic consumption among the pediatric population of the eleven Primary Health Care centers in the Community of Castilla Leon during the years 2001-2005 and to analyze the possible causes. Data of non-hospital antibiotic consumption in the pediatric population provided the amount of antibiotics billed in the Health Service of the area of Castilla and Leon (central region of Spain). The data was analyzed according to the Anatomic Therapeutic Chemical Classification System (ATC) and expressed as defined daily doses per 1000 inhabitants per day (DID). There were statistically significant differences in the use of antibiotics, varying 8.3 DID between the area with the highest rate (24.86 DID in Leon) and the area with the lowest rate (16.56 DID in Soria). The temporal fluctuations were great and varied especially in Segovia. The pattern of prescribing also varied. The use of penicillin in combination with beta-lacatamase inhibitors varied by a factor of almost three times between Burgos and Segovia. Segovia showed the best management in antibiotic prescriptions with data showing low consumption based on prescribing recommendations. Data from Soria showed low consumption but patterns of misuse in regard to protocols and prescribing. There was wide quantitative and qualitative variability of antibiotic use among the primary health care centers in the region of Castilla and Leon. More detailed studies by age groups, welfare pressure and indication are needed to better understand the determinants of antibiotic use in children.
Revista espanola de quimioterapia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Quimioterapia 01/2007; 19(4):342-8. · 0.81 Impact Factor
Revista Española de Quimioterapia, ISSN 0214-3429, Vol. 19, Nº. 4, 2006, pags. 342-348.