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Publications (4)10.56 Total impact

  • ArgoSpine News & Journal 04/2008; 18(1):64-65.
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    ABSTRACT: Catechin, a constituent of tea, possesses various bioactivities. In particular, the most abundant catechin in tea is epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), which has an anti-inflammatory effect. In the present study, the usability of EGCg for osteomyelitis treatment was examined. Osteomyelitis is a difficult disease to cure, partly due to bone lysis caused by infected osteoblasts. Since bone lysis is promoted by proinflammatory cytokines and the receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), osteoblasts were infected with Staphylococcus aureus and the effect of EGCg on the production of cytokines was examined. It was found that the production of interleukin 6 and RANKL was suppressed in the osteoblasts treated with EGCg, which indicated an inflammation suppression effect of EGCg in osteomyelitis treatment.
    Journal of Medical Microbiology 09/2007; 56(Pt 8):1042-6. · 2.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress and DNA oxidation play important roles in the induction of ischemic neuronal cell death. However, the subcellular source of oxidized DNA detected by 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) after ischemia has not been clarified although it is known to increase in the brain after ischemia. One-hour transient ischemia of the middle cerebral artery was induced in mice utilizing an intraluminal filament. The occurrence of superoxide anion as an ethidium (Et) signal, 8-OHdG, cytochrome c release and neuronal cell death were examined using immunohistological and biochemical techniques in sham-operated control (0h) and 1, 3, 6, 24, or 96h after reperfusion. Et signals were prominent in the cortical neurons of ipsilateral hemisphere 3h after reperfusion. Strong 8-OHdG immunoreactivity was observed 3-6h after reperfusion. Immunoassays after cell fractionation revealed a significant increase of 8-OHdG in mitochondria 6h after reperfusion. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the 8-OHdG immunoreactivity colocalized with a neuronal marker, microfilament 200 and a mitochondrial marker, cytochrome oxidase subunit I. Cytochrome c rose in cytoplasm at 6h and TUNEL-positive neurons noted 6-24h after ischemia. The present results suggest the possibility that the mitochondrial damage including mitochondrial DNA oxidation might be responsible for the induction of ischemic neuronal cell death.
    Neuroscience Research 09/2007; 58(4):349-55. · 2.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Severe global ischemia often results in severe damage to the central nervous system of survivors. Hind-limb paralysis is a common deficit caused by global ischemia. Until recently, most studies of global ischemia of the central nervous system have examined either the brain or spinal cord, but not both. Spinal cord damage specifically after global ischemia has not been studied in detail. Because the exact nature of the neuronal damage to the spinal cord and the differences in neuronal damage between the brain and spinal cord after global ischemia are poorly understood, we developed a new global ischemia model in the rat and specifically studied spinal cord damage after global ischemia. Further, we compared the different forms of neuronal damage between the brain and spinal cord after global ischemia. Randomized, controlled study using three different global ischemia models in the rat. University research laboratory. Male, adult Sprague-Dawley rats (300 g). Animals were divided into three experimental groups, group A (n = 6, survived for 7 days), 12 mins of hemorrhagic shock; group B (n = 6, survived for 7 days), 5 mins of cardiac arrest; or group C (n = 6, each for 6 hrs, 12 hrs, 1 day, 3 days, and 7 days), 7 mins of hemorrhagic shock and 5 mins of cardiac arrest. Motor deficit of the hind limbs was studied 6 hrs to 7 days after resuscitation. Also, nonoperated animals (n = 6) were used as the control. Histologic analysis (hematoxylin and eosin, Fluoro-Jade B, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase- mediated dUTP end-labeling [TUNEL], Kl├╝ver-Barrera) and ultrastructural analysis using electron microscopy were performed on samples from the CA1 region of the hippocampus and lumbar spinal cord. Demyelination of the white matter of the lumbar spinal cord was analyzed semiquantitatively using Scion Image software. No paraplegic animals were observed in either group A or B. All group C animals showed severe hind-limb paralysis. Severe neuronal damage was found in the CA1 region of the hippocampus in all groups, and the state of delayed neuronal cell death was similar among the three groups. Neuronal damage in the lumbar spinal cord was detected only in group C animals, mainly in the dorsal horn and intermediate gray matter. Demyelination was prominent in the ventral and ventrolateral white matter in group C. A significant difference was observed between control and group C rats with Scion Image software. Ultrastructural analysis revealed extensive necrotic cell death in the intermediate gray matter in the lumbar spinal cord in group C rats. The combination in the global ischemia model (i.e., hemorrhagic shock followed by cardiac arrest) caused severe neuronal damage in the central nervous system. Thereby, hind-limb paralysis after global ischemia might result from spinal cord damage. These results suggest that therapeutic strategies for preventing spinal cord injury are necessary when treating patients with severe global ischemia.
    Critical Care Medicine 12/2006; 34(11):2820-6. · 6.15 Impact Factor