Zhi-Hui Bai

Beijing Forestry University, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (11)7.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: An Escherichia coli arsRp::luc-based biosensor was constructed to measure the bioavailability of arsenic (As) in soil. In previous induction experiments, it produced a linear response (R (2) = 0.96, P < 0.01) to As from 0.05 to 5 μmol/L after a 2-h incubation. Then, both chemical sequential extraction, Community Bureau of Reference recommended sequential extraction procedures (BCR-SEPs) and E. coli biosensor, were employed to assess the impact of different long-term fertilization regimes containing N, NP, NPK, M (manure), and NPK + M treatments on the bioavailability of arsenic (As) in soil. Per the BCR-SEPs analysis, the application of M and M + NPK led to a significant (P < 0.01) increase of exchangeable As (2-7 times and 2-5 times, respectively) and reducible As (1.5-2.5 times and 1.5-2.3 times, respectively) compared with the no fertilization treated soil (CK). In addition, direct contact assay of E. coli biosensor with soil particles also supported that bioavailable As in manure-fertilized (M and M + NPK) soil was significantly higher (P < 0.01) than that in CK soil (7 and 9 times, respectively). Organic carbon may be the major factor governing the increase of bioavailable As. More significantly, E. coli biosensor-determined As was only 18.46-85.17 % of exchangeable As and 20.68-90.1 % of reducible As based on BCR-SEPs. In conclusion, NKP fertilization was recommended as a more suitable regime in As-polluted soil especially with high As concentration, and this E. coli arsRp::luc-based biosensor was a more realistic approach in assessing the bioavailability of As in soil since it would not overrate the risk of As to the environment.
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 04/2014; · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An Escherichia coli cadAp::luc-based whole-cell sensor was constructed to measure cadmium (Cd) bioavailability and assess the immobilizing efficiency of phosphate and silicate on Cd. In previous induction experiments, a linear response (R(2) = 0.97, P < 0.01) from 0.1 to 5 μmol L(-1) of Cd was detected by this sensor after a 2 h incubation. The sensor was then used to estimate Cd bioavailability in soils spiked with different amounts of dipotassium phosphate (DKP, K2HPO4) or sodium silicate (SS, Na2SiO3·9H2O). The total Cd in soil-water extracts (TSWE) was determined with ICP-MS, and the bioavailable Cd in soil-water extracts (BSWE) and bioavailable Cd in soil-water suspensions (BSWS) were measured by the E. coli cadAp::luc-based whole-cell sensor. Final results showed that spiked SS (Si : Cd = 2 : 1, mol mol(-1)) reduced the different forms of Cd (TSWE, BSWE and BSWS) from 56.47 mg kg(-1), 42.11 mg kg(-1), and 206.72 mg kg(-1) to 16.63 mg kg(-1), 15.90 mg kg(-1), and 67.57 mg kg(-1), respectively. In other words, SS had 25.68%, 19.5%, and 9.54% better immobilizing efficiency, respectively, compared with DKP. All the results supported SS was more efficient than DKP at immobilizing Cd in soil, and higher soil pH and higher solubility of the immobilizing agents may have been the major factor affecting immobilizing efficiency. In addition, the total and bioavailable Cd in soil-water extracts was only 16.13-35.41% of the sensor contact assay-determined Cd (BSWS), which indicated that the whole-cell sensor-based contact assay was more practical in assessing the risk of Cd in soil after immobilization since it would not overrate the immobilizing capacity of the agents.
    Environmental science. Processes & impacts. 02/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The anoxic-anaerobic-oxic (A2O) process is widely used in wastewater treatment plant, however, sludge bulking and foaming are the most frequent operational problems in this process. Activated sludge bulking is caused by the overgrowth of some types of filamentous bacteria, especially Microthrix parvicella. In the study, 17 strains of filamentous bacteria were isolated from the bulking sludge of A2O process using Gause's medium. The 16S rRNA genes of the 17 isolates were sequenced to analyze their diversity. The results showed all of the 17 isolates were Streptomyces. Further analysis of these strains by the repetitive sequence based on polymerase chain reaction (rep-PCR) technology showed that there was a high diversity in these isolated Streptomyces. The physiological properties of them were different from Microthrix parvicella. The settleability of activated sludge was improved when some of the isolates were inoculated.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 07/2013; 34(7):2912-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Nitritation is an important part of the biological nitrogen removal process, and the performance of the process was determined by the microbial community structure. To explore the microbial adaptability to different sewage, the microbial diversity and the amount of bacteria were investigated in a high ammonia wastewater treatment process and a sewage treatment process using the clone library of bacterial 16S rDNA, the phospholipid fatty acid method (PLFA) and the quantitative PCR. The clone library results showed that there was a significantly difference in bacterial community structure of these two processes, although the dominant bacteria belong to the Proteobacteria and Bacteroidete, there were more clusters in the sewage treatment process. The PLFAs results showed that the microbial diversity index and the evenness index of the high ammonium wastewater treatment process were significantly low. The quantitative PCR results showed that amounts of ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) in the high ammonium wastewater treatment process were higher than these in sewage treatment process. The copy number of AOB was higher than the copy number of NOB in the high ammonia wastewater treatment process by three orders magnitude. The copy number of AOB was higher than the copy number of NOB in sewage treatment process by two orders of magnitude.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 04/2013; 34(4):1448-56.
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    ABSTRACT: Microbial communities of different depths (30, 60, 100, 150, 200cm) from the unexploited oilfield, gas field and control area were studied by PCR-DGGE and sequencing methods. The objectives of this study were to understand the microbial distribution in the regions of unexploited oil and gas fields, and to investigate the potential microbial indicators of oil and gas resources. The results showed that the Dice coefficients between different depths were very low (26-69.9). The microbial communities in the soil of 150 cm and 200 cm depth had greater richness (S > or = 19), diversity (H > or = 2.69) and evenness (E > or = 0. 90). The results of sequencing demonstrated that the bands from oilfield were mainly grouped into alpha-Proteobacteria, gamma-Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria with the predominance of gamma-Proteobacteria (75%). Most of the bands were related to oil-associated and hydrocarbon degrading bacteria, such as Methylophaga and Alcanivorax. While the gas field had alpha, beta, gamma, delta-Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes, and gamma-Proteobacteria accounted for only 24%. More strains showed relativity to methanotrophs, such as Methylocystaceae. Thus, 150 cm and 200 cm were more suitable as the oil-gas exploration sampling depth. Methylocystaceae may act as potential indicators for gas resources, Methylophaga and Alcanivorax for oil.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 01/2012; 33(1):305-13.
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    ABSTRACT: Total protein of the yeast Issatchenkia orientalis was extracted and separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) before and after the dye Reactive Brilliant Red K-2BP was degraded by this yeast, respectively. Different protein extraction methods, different volumes of sample loaded and different staining techniques were tested and compared for the 2-DE. Among three different protein extraction methods, the final protein concentrations of 3.4 mg/mL, 1.8 mg/mL and 5.6 mg/mL were obtained by single ultrasonication, ultrasonication-TCA/acetone,and ultrasonication-ammonium sulfate precipitation, respectively. The best electrophoresis pattern could be gotten by loading 150 microg protein samples from the method of ultrasonication-ammonium sulfate precipitation, using IPG strips of pH 4-7 for the first dimensional electrophoresis and staining with silver nitrate. This electrophoresis pattern had high resolution and good repetition. It was detected to have 730 +/- 30 protein points by preliminary image analysis. This research results provided a technical support for screening dye-degrading enzymes from the yeast of I. orientalis.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 02/2011; 32(2):548-53.
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    ABSTRACT: The indigenous microbial communities within the plant phyllosphere are highly diverse and include many different species of bacteria, filamentous fungi, yeasts and algae which play important ecological roles. This study was the first attempt to assess the impact of abamectin treatments on microbial communities of broccoli phyllosphere using two culture-independent techniques of phospholipid fatty acid analysis (PLFA) and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP). Results showed that low concentration of abamectin treatments did not affect the microbial biomass and microbial community structure of broccoli phyllosphere significantly. However, high concentration of abamectin treatments significantly change the microbial community structure including a decrease of total and bacterial biomass, and a decrease in the ratio of Gram-positive bacteria to Gram-negative bacteria, but did not change the fungal biomass. Moreover, PLFA suggested that the number of unsaturated and cyclopropane phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs: 16: 1omega9t, 18: 1omega7, cy17:0 and cy19:0) increased with high concentration abamectin treatment, while the saturated PLFAs i15:0, a15:0, i16:0 and a17:0 decreased. The appearance terminal restriction fragments (T-RFs: 58, 96, 236 and 420 bp) indicated that some bacteria might play a significant role in abamectin degradation in broccoli phylosphere, while the disappeared T-RFs (51, 89, 99, 338, 66, 223 and 482 bp) implied some other bacteria might potentially serve as microbial indicator of abamectin exposure.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 06/2009; 30(5):1292-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Rhodobacter sphaeroides possesses an extensive range of energy acquiring mechanisms including photosynthesis, lithotrophy, aerobic and anaerobic respiration. It can produce 5-aminolevulinic acid, CoQ10, carotenoids, hydrogen, etc. by fermentation. A Rhodobacter sphaeroides strain was isolated, designated as EBL0706, from soil. The degradation of dichlorvos (DDVP) by the Rhodobacter sphaeroides was investigated. 98% of DDVP could be degraded in water solution in 12 h when 5 x 10(8) CFU/mL Rhodobacter sphaeroides was added to 400 mg/L DDVP solution under pH 6.9-7.5 and 20-50 degrees C. This strain could also degrade the DDVP residues on Chinese cabbage leaves effectively.
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 05/2009; 30(4):1199-204.
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    ABSTRACT: Waste ore samples (pH 3.0) were collected at an acid mine drainage (AMD) site in Anhui, China. The present acidophilic microbial community in the waste ore was studied with 16S rRNA gene clone library and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Eighteen different clones were identified and affiliated with Actinobacteria, low G + C Gram-positives, Thermomicrobia, Acidobacteria, Proteobacteria, candidate division TM7, and Planctomycetes. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed a diversity of acidophiles in the samples that were mostly novel. It is unexpected that the moderately thermophilic acidophiles were abundant in the acidic ecosystem and may play a great role in the generation of AMD. The result of DGGE was consistent with that of clone library analysis. These findings help in the better understanding of the generation mechanism of AMD and in developing a more efficient method to control AMD.
    Journal of Environmental Sciences 02/2007; 19(4):444-50. · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A sediment sample was collected at an acid mine drainage site in Anhui. The acidophiles composition and community structure in the sediment was studied with 16S rDNA clone library and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). The results indicated that the acidophiles in the sediment were novel compared with the data in GenBank. The acidophiles affiliated with Acidobacteria, beta/gamma-Proteobacteria, delta-Proteobacteria, Nitrospira, Candidate Division TM7, low G + C Gram-positive. delta-Proteobacteria were major group in this acidic ecosystem. The research of aicdophiles community in sediment can help us develop high efficient method to treat acid mine drainage (AMD).
    Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue / [bian ji, Zhongguo ke xue yuan huan jing ke xue wei yuan hui "Huan jing ke xue" bian ji wei yuan hui.] 12/2006; 27(11):2255-60.
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    ABSTRACT: A protein of 75,000 Daltons with levoglucosan kinase activity was purified from Aspergillus niger. After in-gel digestion by trypsin, a 14-mer peptide was sequenced and analyzed by LC-ESI-MS/MS. Using a primer derived from the 14-mer peptide in combination with Oligo-(dT)18, a cDNA fragment was obtained by RT-PCR. A search of the GenBank database indicated that the protein had not been identified before. A similar protein named hypothetical protein FG07802.1 (EAA77996.1) was found to exist in Gibberella zeae by Blastx search. Using a primer derived from the protein, a cDNA fragment of second RT-PCR was cloned into plasmid pAJ401, which was transformed to Saccharomyces cerevisiae H158 and expressed. Two positive levoglucosan assimilating recombinants were selected. The lgk gene was screened and identified.
    FEMS Microbiology Letters 11/2005; 251(2):313-9. · 2.05 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

12 Citations
7.51 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • Beijing Forestry University
      Peping, Beijing, China
  • 2009–2012
    • Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology
      • Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences
      Beijing, Beijing Shi, China