ABSTRACT: Docetaxel and cisplatin combination chemotherapy is established first-line chemotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We evaluated a weekly schedule of docetaxel and cisplatin for efficacy and tolerability in patients with chemotherapy-naive NSCLC.
Patients enrolled in this study had stage IIIB or IV NSCLC with measurable disease, no prior chemotherapy, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0-2. Treatment consisted of docetaxel 40 mg/m(2) and cisplatin 35 mg/m(2) given on D1 and D8 every 3 weeks. Patients were evaluated for response after every 2 cycles of treatment.
Thirty six patients were enrolled, and 35 underwent treatment. Of these, 29 were males and 7 females, median age was 61 years (range, 38-68). About 31 patients had ECOG PS 0-1 and 4 patients had ECOG PS 2. Fifty seven percentage (20/35) of patients had adenocarcinoma and 74.3% (26/35) had stage IV disease. A total of 153 cycles of chemotherapy were administered. Of the 35 patients treated, 17 (48.6%) achieved partial response, 11 (31.4%) showed stable disease, and 6 (17.1%) had progressive disease. Median duration of response was 5.3 months (95% CI: 4.2-6.2 months), and median time to disease progression was 4.6 months (95% CI: 2.9-6.3 months). Estimated overall survival at 1 year was 65.7%. The major hematologic toxicity was myelosuppression. Grade 3 or 4 anemia occurred in 6 cycles, and grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was observed in four cycles. Major non-hematologic toxicities were grade 3 nausea in three patients and grade 3 fatigue in two patients. Three patients developed pneumonia and one patient had infectious colitis. There were no treatment-related deaths in this study.
Weekly schedule of docetaxel and cisplatin as first-line treatment for NSCLC had good efficacy and manageable toxicity.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 10/2010; 66(5):889-97. · 2.83 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The combination of gemcitabine and cisplatin is among the most active regimens for the treatment of NSCLC. However, the optimal dose and schedule for administration of the two drugs has not yet been determined. We investigated the activity and toxicity of a gemcitabine and split-dose cisplatin regimen in an outpatient setting for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
From June 2004 to May 2005 patients with stage IIIB or IV who had not had prior chemotherapy entered the study. Treatment consisted of gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 and cisplatin 35 mg/m2, both given intravenously on days 1 and 8 every 21 days.
Forty-five patients were entered this study. Patient characteristics were as follows: male/female, 34/11; median age (range), 62 (30-76) years; ECOG PS 0/1/2, 7/30/8; stage IIIB/IV, 18/27. A total of 168 cycles were delivered, with a median of 4 cycles (range, 1-6). All patients were evaluable for toxicity. Grade 3 and 4 toxicities according to the NCI toxicity criteria included neutropenia in 8 patients (18%), anemia in 4 (9%), thrombocytopenia in 7 (15%), and emesis in 1 (2%). Of 42 patients assessable for response, 23 patients showed a partial remission. On intent-to-treat basis, the overall response rate was 51% (95% CI, 37-65%). Median time to progression was 6.0 months (range, 1.2-12.0 months) and median overall survival was 13.1 months (range, 1.4-17 months).
This regimen with gemcitabine and split-dose cisplatin using a 21-day schedule appears to be active and very well-tolerated in an outpatients setting for patients with advanced NSCLC.
Lung Cancer 11/2006; 54(1):57-62. · 3.43 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Between 1999 and 2004, 11 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) underwent non-myeloablative stem cell transplantation (NST) with conditioning using fludarabine-based regimens in two institutions of Korea. Among 11 patients, only one patient showed partial response (response rate: 9%), three showed stable disease, and six progressive disease. Three patients developed acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and among them, one developed grade III acute GVHD which caused early death at day 60 after transplantation, and this patient showed partial response at day 30. Six patients developed chronic GVHD, three limited, and three extensive GVHD, respectively. Survival after one yr was 18% in transplanted patients. Median overall survival for entire cohort was 4.3 months. Eight patients died from progressive disease and three (27%) from treatment-related mortality. Only one patient survived 51.2 months after NST with slowly progressive disease. This patient received donor lymphocyte infusion three times after NST and achieved complete donor chimerism. NST does not lead to durable response and prolonged overall survival in the majority of patients with RCC in our series.
Clinical Transplantation 21(3):337-43. · 1.67 Impact Factor