ABSTRACT: Enzymatic removal of p-alkylphenols from aqueous solutions was investigated through the two-step approach, the quinone conversion of p-alkylphenols with mushroom tyrosinase (EC 188.8.131.52) and the subsequent adsorption of quinone derivatives enzymatically generated on chitosan beads at pH 7.0 and 45 degrees C as the optimum conditions. This technique is quite effective for removal of various p-alkylphenols from an aqueous solution. The % removal values of 97-100% were obtained for p-n-alkylphenols with carbon chain lengths of 5 to 9. In addition, removal of other p-alkylphenols was enhanced by increasing either the tyrosinase concentration or the amount of added chitosan beads, and their % removal values reached >93 except for 4-tert-pentylphenol. This technique was also applicable to remove 4-n-octylphenol (4NOP) and 4-n-nonylphenol (4NNP) as suspected endocrine disrupting chemicals. The reaction of quinone derivatives enzymatically generated with the chitosan's amino groups was confirmed by the appearance of peaks for UV-visible spectrum measurements of the chitosan films incubated in the p-alkylphenol and tyrosinase mixture solutions. In addition, 4-tert-pentylphenol underwent tyrosinase-catalyzed oxidation in the presence of hydrogen peroxide.
Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 11/2006; 70(10):2467-75. · 1.28 Impact Factor