Wen-Bin Bao

Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu Sheng, China

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Publications (15)12.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli (E. coli) that produces adhesin F18 is the main pathogen responsible for porcine post-weaning diarrhea and edema disease. The receptor for E. coli F18 has not been described in pigs, however the alpha (1,2)-fucosyltransferase (FUT1) gene on chromosome 6 has been proposed as a candidate. The objective of this study, therefore, was to investigate the relationship between FUT1 gene expression and E. coli F18 receptor in Sutai pigs of different ages (8-, 18-, 30- and 35-day-old). FUT1 gene expression was detected in 11 pig tissues with the highest level in lung, and expressed consistently at the four time points. In most tissues, FUT1 gene expression levels decreased from days 8 to 18, then continually increased on days 30 and 35, with expression around weaning time higher than that on day 8. Gene ontology and pathway analysis showed that FUT1 was involved in 32 biological processes, mainly those integral to the membrane, or involved in glycosylation, as well as regulation of binding, interestingly participating in three pathways related to glycosphingolipid biosynthesis. From this analysis and the high linkage disequilibrium between the FUT1 gene and the E. coli F18 receptor locus, we can speculate that higher expression of the FUT1 gene in small intestine is beneficial to the formation of receptors to the E. coli F18 strain and is related to the sensitivity to the pathogen.
    Gene 01/2012; 497(2):336-9. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of SLA-DQA was assayed by Real-time PCR to analyze the differential expression between ETEC F18-resistant and -sensitive post-weaning piglets, and then to compare the expression levels of SLA-DQA in 11 different tissues from 8-, 18-, 30- and 35-day-old ETEC F18-resistant piglets, which aimed at discussing the role of SLA-DQA in resistance to ETEC F18. The results showed that SLA-DQA is broadly expressed in 11 tissues with the highest expression level in lymph nodes, and a relatively higher expression level in lung, spleen, jejunum, and duodenum. In tissues of lymph node, lung, spleen, jejunum, and duodenum, the mRNA expression of SLA-DQA in resistant individuals was significantly higher than that in sensitive ones (P<0.05). In most tissues, the expression of SLA-DQA increased from 8 to 18 and 30 days (weaning day), and increased persistently to 35 days of post-weaning. Expression levels of SLA-DQA on 35 days in most tissues were significant higher than that on 8, 18 and 30 days (P<0.05). The results demonstrated that the resistance to ETEC F18 in post-weaning piglets is related to up-regulation of mRNA expression of SLA-DQA to a certain extent. The analysis suggested that SLA-DQA may be not the direct immune factor that resisted the Escherichia coli F18, but perhaps enhanced humoral immunity and cell immunity to reduce the transmembrane signal transduction of ETEC F18 bacterial LPS and then led to the resistance to ETEC F18 in piglets.
    Gene 12/2011; 494(1):140-4. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the established resource populations of Sutai pig, the expression of BPI gene was assayed by Real-time PCR to detect the tissue expression and analyze the differential expression between Escherichia coli F18-resistant and sensitive piglets. This study aimed at providing a theoretical foundation for further research on the role BPI gene in host immunity and resistance to E. coli F18. The results showed that the expression of BPI gene was extremely low or undetectable in tissues including heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, stomach, muscle, thymus, and lymph nodes, which was in a stark contrast to the significantly high levels in duodenum and jejunum. In the tissues of both jejunum and duodenum, the mRNA expression of BPI gene in resistant individuals was significant higher than that in the sensitive individuals (Pamp;0.05). The results suggested that BPI gene was likely to be related to the intestinal infection caused by E. coli F18. It is possible that the increased expression of BPI gene in intestinal is in connection with the resistance to E. coli F18.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 11/2011; 33(11):1225-30.
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    Journal of Genetics 08/2011; 90(2):315-8. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alpha (1,2) fucosyltransferase (FUT1) gene has been identified as a candidate gene for controlling the expression of the receptor for ETEC F18. The genetic variations in the position of M307 nucleotide in open reading frame of FUT1 have been proposed as a marker for selecting ETEC F18 resistant pigs. The polymorphisms of M307 in FUT1 of breeding base group for ETEC F18 resistance of Sutai pigs (Duroc × Meishan) was detected and their correlations to some immune indexes, growth and development ability, carcass traits and meat quality were also analyzed, which aimed to investigate feasibility of further breeding for diseases resistance based on M307 of FUT1 for Sutai pigs. After digested by Hin6 I, M307 of FUT1 gene could be divided into three kinds of genotypes, AA, AG, and GG. The frequencies were 0.235, 0.609, and 0.156, respectively. The results indicated that Sutai pigs with the AA genotype in M307 of FUT1 gene not only have relatively strong general disease resistance ability in piglets, but also have higher growth and development ability and stable carcass traits and meat quality. It is entirely feasible to raise the new strains of Sutai pigs resistant to Escherichia coli F18 based on genetic marker of the M307 position in FUT1gene.
    Molecular Biology Reports 07/2011; 39(4):4223-8. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    Molecular Biology Reports 07/2011; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli F18 (ECF18) is a common porcine enteric pathogen. The pathogenicity of ECF18 bacteria depends on the existence of ECF18 receptor in the brush border membranes of piglet's small intestinal mucosa. Alpha (1) fucosyltransferase gene (FUT1) has been identified as the candidate gene controlling the adhesion to ECF18 receptor. The genetic variations in the position of M307 nucleotide in open reading frame of FUT1 have been proposed as a marker for selecting resistant pigs. The piglets were divided into three groups, AA, AG and GG, according to the genotypes present at M307 of FUT1. Small intestinal epithelium cells of piglets with AA, AG and GG genotypes were selected to test the adhesion capability of the wild type E.coli expressing F18ab fimbriae, the recombinant E. coli expressing F18ac fimbriae or the recombinant E. coli secreting and surface-displaying the FedF subunit of F18ab fimbriae, respectively. Here, we examined the distribution and expression of porcine FUT1 mRNA in different tissues in Sutai pigs using real-time PCR. The results showed that piglets with AA genotype show resistance, whereas piglets with GG or AG genotypes are sensitive to the pathogenic E. coli F18 in Sutai piglets. FUT1 was expressed in all the tissues that were examined, and the gene's expression was highest in the lungs. There was no significant difference in expression level among the three genotypes in the liver, lung, stomach and duodenum, where the gene expression was relatively high. The present analysis suggested that mutation at M307 in FUT1 gene determines susceptibility of small intestinal epithelium to E. coli F18 adhesion in Sutai piglet and the expression of FUT1 gene may be regulated by other factors or the mutation was likely to be in linkage disequilibrium with some cis-regulatory variants.
    Molecular Biology Reports 06/2011; 39(3):3131-6. · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Using the PCR-SSCP method, the genetic variation in exon 1 of the TLR4 gene was detected among 893 animals, including Asian wild boars, 3 imported commercial and 10 Chinese indigenous swine breeds. This was conducted to analyze the polymorphisms of exon 1 of TLR4 gene in native and foreign pig breeds and aimed at providing a theoretical foundation for further research on the role that TLR4 gene played in immune and defense system. New alleles were isolated for exon 1 of the swine TLR4 gene for the first time, There were 6 genotypes and 3 alleles, in which the Duroc appeared AA, BB, CC, AB, AC and BC genotypes; Sutai pig, which has Duroc pig origin, were detected to be BB, CC, and BC genotypes; Yorkshire and Landrace were detected to be CC and BC genotypes. Wild boar and all 10 Chinese native pig breeds appeared highly conserved in exon 1 of TLR4 gene, with only CC genotype. Among the 3 homozygous genotypes, the CC genotype matches the sequence in GenBank, while a G93C synonymous mutation and a G194A nonsense mutation were found in the BB and AA genotypes, respectively. The correlation between these two mutation points of TLR4 gene with resistance to stress and disease is worthy of further study.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 02/2011; 33(2):163-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Based on the paired full-sib individuals selected from the established resource populations of Sutai pig that were characterized as resistant or sensitive to ETEC F18, Agilent double labeled cDNA microarray was used to identify the gene expression profiles in duodenum on purpose of investigating the genes related to Escherichia coli F18 receptor, which may cause edema disease and post-weaning diarrhea in piglets, as well as exploring the molecular mechanism about the differences involved in two different lineages. The results showed that thirteen differently expressed genes were found in one matched group including sensitive ones with GG genotype comparing with resistant ones with AA genotype at a two-fold filter, where there were 6 up-regulated genes and 7 down-regulated genes. In the other matched group composed of sensitive ones with AG genotype, 4 up-regulated genes and 2 down-regulated genes, 6 in total were screened out. GO analy-sis revealed that the differently expressed genes participated in many biological processes, such as immune response, ex-tracellular region, bacterial binding, response to external stimulus and so on. Meanwhile, these genes were mainly related to the Glycan Biosynthesis and Metabolism and Immune System pathways. Actually, the roles that they may play in edema disease and post-weaning diarrhea need further study and verification.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 01/2011; 33(1):60-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli F18 (ETEC F18) is the main pathogen that causes edema disease and post-weaning diarrhea in piglets, and a1-fucosytransferase (FUT1) gene has been identified as a receptor gene encoding the receptor for ETEC F18 bacteria. In this study, the method of PCR-RFLP was used to investigate the among 21 breeds including one wild boar breed and 20 western commercial and Chinese native pig breeds (populations). The results showed that none of the individuals in all 21 breeds possessed the resistant AA genotype, the genetic polymorphisms of the FUT1 locus were only detected in two western pig breeds (Duroc and Yorkshire), Lingao pig and hybrid pig breeds, while the wild boar and all the other Chinese pig breeds only possessed the susceptible GG genotype. The results indicated that Chinese native pig breeds, unlike western pig breeds, lack the genetic background on the resistance to ETEC F18 bacteria. This may be owe to their different origination, as the resistance gene to ETEC F18 might be originated from European wild boar. It was also inferred that edema disease and post-weaning diarrhea caused by ETEC F18 had close relationship with the growth speed of pigs.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 10/2007; 29(9):1071-6.
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    ABSTRACT: By the PCR-RFLP method, the polymorphisms of exon 14 of Mx1 gene were detected in 7 native and foreign pig breeds. Taken together with the analysis of restriction enzyme Hin6 I digestion, there were 6 genotypes and 3 alleles. And, all individuals of Duroc exhibited the AA genotype but the Sutai pigs exhibited all three kinds of genotypes. The BB genotype was detected only in Meishan pigs and their derivate Sutai pigs. Among all pig breeds, the allele B only appeared in Chinese indigenous pig breeds and developed pig breed in this study, and the allele A was dominant allele in all pig breeds except for Songliao black pig. The results of Chi Square test showed that there were abundant polymorphisms in all pig breeds. The gene frequency of Meishan pig and Songliao black pig showed greatly significant difference to other pig breeds (P<0.01), Sutai pig showed greatly significant difference (P<0.01) to other pig breeds except for Pietrain; and Huai pig showed greatly significant differences (P<0.01) with Pietrain and other indigenous Chinese pig breeds, but no difference with Duroc and Yorkshire (P>0.05). Three new mutation points in three genotypes were identified by sequencing comparison analysis of PCR products, two of which resulted in Thr-->Ala and Glu-->Arg respectively, the last one was a silence mutation, the Glu-->Arg mutation point and this silence mutation point only appeared in the individuals with the BB genotype.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 07/2007; 29(6):693-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Genetic diversity of red jungle fowl in China (Gallus gallus spadiceus) and red jungle fowl in Thailand (Gallus gallus gallus) was evaluated with 29 microstaellite loci, the genetic variability within subspecies and genetic differentiation between subspecies were estimated. The results showed that the 168 alleles were amplified with the number of alleles per locus from 2 to 13. The average expected heterozygosity and polymorphism information content (PIC) of all loci were 0.5780 and 0.53, respectively. The mean numbers of effective alleles of red jungle fowl in China and red jungle fowl in Thailand were 5.55 and 6.38. The heterozygosity and the genetic diversity of the two subspecies were high. Genetic differentiation index (FST) of these populations was 0.194 (P<0.01). Reynolds' genetic distance and gene flow between the two populations were 0.157 and 1.040, respectively. Based on these results, genetic structure and significant genetic differentiation of red jungle fowl in China were different from red jungle fowl in Thailand. The results of this study did not support to identify these red jungle fowl subspecies as the same subspecies, but supported the theory that Chinese domestic fowls have independent origin.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 06/2007; 29(5):587-92.
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    ABSTRACT: The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of growth hormone gene was investigated in various breeds of duck, including Beijing ducks, Xihu mallards, Jinding ducks, Shan Partridge ducks, Jingjiang ducks and Shaoxing ducks. The primers for intron 2 and 3 in GH gene were designed based on the database of duck genomic sequence and the SNPs were detected by PCR-SSCP method. Eight SNPs were found among individuals within a breed, which were 2593(C-T), 2770(G-A), 2813(T-A), 2829(C-A), 2894(C-T), 2896(T-C), and 3100(C-G) in intron 2 and 3270(A-G) in intron 3. The analytic results showed that the frequencies of genotypes in different breeds were significantly different. Based on these SNPs, Beijing ducks and Shaoxing ducks represented their own unique conservativeness, indicating that these SNPs may have relationship with some productive traits of duck.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 05/2007; 29(4):438-42.
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigates single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the adenylosuccinate lyase(ADSL) gene in variety chicken breeds, including Recessive White chickens, Silkies chickens, Baier chickens, Tibetan chickens and two red jungle fowls. Primers for exon 2 in ADSL gene were designed based on the chicken genomic sequence and a SNP(C/T at 3484) was detected by PCR-SSCP and DNA sequencing. Three genotypes within all breeds were found and least square analysis showed that TT genotype birds had a significant higher inosine monophosphate acid (IMP) content than TC (P < 0.01) and CC (P < 0.05) genotype birds, TC genotype birds had a little higher IMP content than CC genotype birds, but the difference was not significant. We proposed this SNP site correlated with IMP content in chickens. A neighbour-joining dendrogram was constructed based on the Nei's genentic distance. The genetic relationship between Chinese red jungle fowl and Tibetan chickens was the nearest, whereas Baier chickens were more closer to Silkies chickens. The Chinese red jungle fowls were relatively closer to the domestic fowls, whereas Thailand red jungle fowls were relatively diverging to the Chinese native breeds. These results supported the theory concerning the independent origins of Chinese native fowl breeds.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 04/2007; 29(3):343-8.
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    ABSTRACT: The applicability of chicken microsatellite primers to peafowl population was analyzed in the present paper, and the results showed 14 of 29 pairs of microsatellite primers from chicken could amplify peafowl DNA and produce specific allele patterns. A mean of 1.71 alleles was found for each locus. Seven pairs were highly polymorphic, and MCW0080 and MCW0098 were ideal markers for peafowl. Genetic diversity analysis within and between the green peafowl and the blue peafowl populations demonstrated that the expected heterozygosity of two peafowl populations were 0.2482 and 0.2744, respectively. The inbreeding index (FST), Reynolds' genetic distance and gene flow between the two populations were 0.078, 0.0603 and 3.896 respectively. These results indicate that the heterozygosity and the genetic diversity of these two peafowl populations were very low, and suggest a tendency towards intermixing.
    Hereditas (Beijing) 11/2006; 28(10):1242-6.