Gastroenterology 03/2011; 140(5):e11-2. · 11.68 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Extrahepatic portal vein aneurysm (PVA) is very rare with only 17 previously reported cases. Methods of treatment include resection, thrombectomy, and portal venous decompression. We report herein the first case of large PVA with thrombosis which has been managed without surgical treatment over a long period. A PVA was detected in a 78-year-old woman by abdominal ultrasonography. Computed tomography revealed an aneurysm of 6 cm in a diameter in the porta hepatis. Portal venography showed obstruction of the portal vein and developed collateral vessels around the aneurysm. Since the patient had no symptoms of portal hypertension, we decided to carefully manage her clinical course without surgical treatment. At present, this patient is healthy and has developed no complications over the 5 years since leaving our hospital. This case suggests that surgical treatment is not required for PVA without portal hypertension.
World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. 01/2011;
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of positron emission tomography using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) in the surgical management of patients with pancreatic cancer, including the diagnosis, staging, and selection of patients for the subsequent surgical treatment.
This study involved 53 patients with proven primary pancreatic cancer. The sensitivity of diagnosing the primary cancer was examined for FDG-PET, CT, cytological examination of the bile or pancreatic juice, and the serum levels of carcinoembrionic antigens (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9). Next, the accuracy of staging was compared between FDG-PET and CT. Finally, FDG-PET was analyzed semiquantitatively using the standard uptake value (SUV). The impact of the SUV on patient management was evaluated by examining the correlations between the SUV and the histological findings of cancer.
The sensitivity of FDG-PET, CT, cytological examination of the bile or pancreatic juice, and the serum levels of CEA and CA19-9 were 92.5%, 88.7%, 46.4%, 37.7% and 69.8%, respectively. In staging, FDG-PET was superior to CT only in diagnosing distant disease (bone metastasis). For local staging, the sensitivity of CT was better than that of FDG-PET. The SUV did not correlate with the pTNM stage, grades, invasions to the vessels and nerve, or with the size of the tumor. However, there was a statistically significant difference (4.6 +/- 2.9 vs 7.8 +/- 4.5, P = 0.024) in the SUV between patients with respectable and unresectable disease.
FDG-PET is thus considered to be useful in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. However, regarding the staging of the disease, FDG-PET is not considered to be a sufficiently accurate diagnostic modality. Although the SUV does not correlate with the patho-histological prognostic factors, it may be useful in selecting patients who should undergo subsequent surgical treatment.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2008; 14(1):64-9. · 2.47 Impact Factor
The Lancet 11/2006; 368(9545):1466. · 38.28 Impact Factor