Edward Saulicz

Akademia Wychowania Fiycznego im. Jergo Kukuczki w Katowicach, Catowice, Silesian Voivodeship, Poland

Are you Edward Saulicz?

Claim your profile

Publications (38)13.42 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To date, the reliability of ultrasound imaging (USI) measures of the later abdominal muscles in children and adolescents during active straight leg raise (ASLR) test has not been confirmed.
    PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation. 07/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The primary aim of this study was to determine the reliability of abdominal sonographic measurements in adolescents. The secondary aim was to determine whether age, sex, or body position had an impact on the reliability of abdominal muscle sonographic measurements in adolescents.
    Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 06/2014; 33(6):1049-56. · 1.40 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0), which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and is otherwise in compliance with the license. Abstract Background Many empirical data provides evidence that the correct, long combat sports training stimulates biological,
    05/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Deutsche Zeitschrift für sportmeDiZiN 133 ORIGINALIA LeIstuNGsspORt uNd BeweGLIchkeIt Die funktionelle Leistungsfähigkeit des menschlichen Bewegungsapparates ist ein wichtiger Faktor für das körperliche Wohlbefinden, das laut der WHO unab-dingbar zum Gesundheitsbegriff dazugehört. Untersucht wurden 171 freiwillige männliche Probanden im Alter von 30 bis 60 Jahren, dabei wurden das aktuelle und zurückliegende physische Aktivitätsniveau erhoben sowie motorische Tests zur Überprüfung der Rumpfbeweglichkeit in drei Ebenen durchgeführt. Insge-samt konnte der Einfluss regelmäßiger körperlicher Aktivität auf die motorische Leistungsfähigkeit, einschließlich der Beweglichkeit, festgestellt werden. Zudem kann man schlussfolgern, dass sportliche Betätigung in der Jugend im Allgemei-nen einen höheren Grad der Beweglichkeit in späteren Lebensjahren zufolge hat, auch unter Berücksichtigung eines aktuellen Mangels an physischer Aktivität, was wiederum auf einen möglichen "Übertragungseffekt" hinweist. Schlüsselwörter: Beweglichkeit, körperliche Aktivität, Übertragungseffekt The functional efficiency of the physical motor system constitutes one of the basic factors creating welfare which according to WHO is synonymous to health. 171 men aged 30-60 were tested. The current and past levels of physical activity were determined in the research. Measurements of the range of the torso' s three-plane mobility. An impact of a systematic physical activity on the level of the functional efficiency of the physical motor system, including suppleness, was established. The results of the research allowed the authors to conclude that doing sports pro-fessionally in youth brings about a generally higher level of flexibility in adulthood, even with a lack of physical activity, which seems to indicate the existence of the "translocation effect". einfluss von Leistungssport auf die Beweglichkeit in späteren Lebensjahren The Influence of Professional Sport on Flexibility in Adulthood
    05/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background. The excessive lateral pressure syndrome is a common complication following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is. It may lead to premature wear of the articular surfaces of the femur and patella. The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of physiotherapy in the treatment of excessive lateral pressure syndrome after ACL reconstruction. Material and methods. A total of 18 patients (4 women, 14 men) after arthroscopic ACL reconstruction were enrolled (age: 16 -54 years). The patients were randomly divided into two groups: experimental (Group E, 9 people), who attended therapy, and control (group C, 9 people). The distance between the lateral edge of the patella and the lateral condyle of femur was measured with an ultrasound scanner in both extremities. The experimental group patients attended 12 treatment sessions of the.Neurac method. A single session lasted 45 minutes. Results. The baseline examination of both groups showed statistically significant excessive lateral pressure in the operated extremity in relation to the non-operated one in every angular position. At the same time, the quadriceps femoris of the operated extremity was found to be significantly weaker than its counterpart. On completion of the rehabilitation, statistically significant differences in quadriceps strength were recorded in the experimental group compared to the baseline examination while there were no significant differences in the control group. An intergroup comparison did not reveal any significant differences in quadriceps strength. There were also no significant differences in the severity of lateral pressure syndrome before and after the therapy in either group. Conclusions. 1. Rehabilitation improved quadriceps femoris, strength; it did not, however, decrease excessive lateral pressure syndrome. 2. The rehabilitation programme is not sufficient in conservative treatment of excessive lateral pressure syndrome.
    Ortopedia, traumatologia, rehabilitacja. 03/2014; 16(1):47-55.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background To date, the reliability of ultrasound imaging (USI) measures of the later abdominal muscles in children and adolescents during active straight leg raise (ASLR) test has not been confirmed. Objective To assess the intra-rater reliability of USI measures of the thickness and percentage thickness change of the external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO) and transversus abdominis (TrA) on both sides of the body during the ASLR test in healthy adolescents. Design Single-group repeated-measures intra-rater reliability study. Setting School. Participants Thirty nine adolescents between the ages of 13 and 16 years. Methods Three repeated USI measurements were recorded in the supine resting position and during the ASLR test on 2 sessions, 6 to 8 days apart. In supine position, measurements were collected at the end of normal expiration. In the case of ASLR, measurements were collected when the person undergoing examination touched the transverse delimiter with the distal part of their lower leg, i.e., to a 30 degree flexion of the hip. Main outcome measurements USI of abdominal muscle thickness. Results By using the mean of 3 measures, in the supine, resting position, intra-examiner reliability point estimates (ICC3.3)ranged from 0.95 to 0.97 for EO, IO and TrA. During the ASLR test, the ICC result of thickness measurements of all muscles was also above 0.90. In terms of percentage change of muscle thickness, the highest ICC3.3 result obtained for the TrA was 0.81 to 0.85, for EO ranged from 0.72 to 0.89, and the result for the IO was between 0.65 and 0.79. Conclusion USI measurements of the thickness of the EO, IO and TrA muscles at rest and during the ASLR test in healthy adolescents between 13 and 16 years of age are reliable. Because of an increase in the precision of measurements, we recommend using the mean of three consecutive measurements of the EO, IO and TrA muscles in adolescents to ensure a good reliability level. Based on three consecutive measurements, good reliability for the percentage change in the TrA thickness was achieved.
    PM&R. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neurological literature indicates the existence of children with low postural tone without association with central nervous system damage. This fact induces to think about mechanisms, which allow these children to maintain upright posture. There is a suspicion that compensatory mechanism included in this process, enables to achieve upright posture, but at expense of body posture quality. Observations of children's developmental stages caused determination of some postural tone area, which comprise both children with normotonia and with low postural tone without characteristics of central nervous system (CNS) damage. Set of specific qualities allows determination of two types of low postural tone: spastoidal and atetoidal type. Spastoidal type is characterized by deep trunk muscles (local) low postural tone compensated by excessive tension of superficial muscles (global). Atetoidal type includes children with low postural tone in both deep and superficial muscles. At inefficient active subsystem, verticalization proceeds at excessive use of passive subsystem qualities, that is meniscus, ligament, bone shape, and muscles passive features. From neurodevelopmental point of view compensatory mechanisms can be used in children with low postural tone in order to achieve upright posture, but at expense of body posture quality.
    Developmental period medicine. 01/2014; 18(3):374-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lateral abdominal wall muscles in children and adolescents have not been characterised to date. In the present report, we examined the reliability of the ultrasound measurement and thickness of the oblique external muscle (OE), oblique internal muscle (OI) and transverse abdominal muscle (TrA) at rest and during abdominal drawing-in manoeuvre (ADIM) on both sides of the body in healthy adolescents. We also determined possible differences between boys and girls and defined any factors—such as body mass, height and BMI—that may affect the thickness of the abdominal muscles. B-mode ultrasound was used to assess OE, OI and TrA on both sides of the body in the supine position. Ultrasound measurements at rest and during ADIM were reliable in this age group (ICC3,3>0.92). OI was always the thickest and TrA the thinnest muscle on both sides of the body. In this group, an identical pattern of the contribution of the individual muscles to the structure of the lateral abdominal wall (OI>OE>TrA) was observed. At rest and during ADIM, no statistically significant side-to-side differences were demonstrated in either gender. The body mass constitutes between 30% and <50% of the thickness differences in all muscles under examination at rest and during ADIM. The structure of lateral abdominal wall in adolescents is similar to that of adults. During ADIM, the abdominal muscles in adolescents react similarly to those in adults. This study provided extensive information regarding the structure of the lateral abdominal wall in healthy adolescents.
    Manual Therapy. 01/2014;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lower postural tone is not always associated with central nervous system structural damage. There is such kind of tone that stays within the broadly defined normal range, but is characterized by distinct decrease of tone of the deep muscles responsible for stabilization. External syndromes are features of active or passive compensation observed in the postural and motor patterns. Active compensation of the lower muscle tone is associated with excessive use of the superficial muscles for stabilization that leads to limitation of motion in the joints and to functional shortening of some muscles. Active compensation mechanisms in the lower part of the body cause decreased anterior pelvic tilt, functional shortening of the hamstring muscles and pes cavus (spastoidal type). Passive compensation is initiated in case of decreased tone of both deep and superficial muscles. Stabilization is kept with considerable participation of the spatial shape of bones, ligaments, meniscus and passive properties of the muscles. Tendency to hypermobility of the periarthritis elements is observed, which is manifested by increase of the physiological range of motion in the joints. As a result in the lower part of the body postural faults develop, which are characterized by increased lumbar lordosis, anterior pelvic tilt, valgus knee and feet (atetoidal type). Observations indicate that lower tone of the muscles responsible for stabilization triggers off the sequence of compensatory mechanisms that ultimately lead to specific postural faults.
    Developmental period medicine. 01/2014; 18(3):386-93.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aneta Warmuz-Wancisiewicz. Naukovyj Casopis Naciažnoho Pedahohicnoho Universytetu imeni M.O. Drahomanova 2013; T.1, Vypusk 7 (33), s.333-340 Serija 15: Naukovo-pedagogićni problemy fizyćnoi kultury. Fizyćna kultura i sport. Summary Inadequate level of physical activity in relations to biological needs (hypokinesia) is a problem of developed societies. Effectiveness of interventional programmes is conditioned by physical activity barrier diagnosis. 3447 subjects (2246 female and 1201 male) were examined using psychometric methods – SEWL physical activity and KCS kinesiophobia questionnaire, taking into consideration variability related to age. Higher level of kinesiophobia and lower level of physical activity was observed in female subjects. Gender-related dimorphism was also noted among variabilities of coefficients examined, including age. Regardless of gender, psychological domain of kinesiophobia has greater impact on physical activity than the biological one. Streszczenie Niewystarczający – w stosunku do biologicznych potrzeb poziom aktywności fizycznej (hipokinezja) jest problemem społeczeństw rozwiniętych. Skuteczność programów interwencyjnych warunkowana jest diagnozą barier aktywności fizycznej. Zbadano 3447 osób (2246 kobiet i 1201 mężczyzn) technikami psychometrycznymi – kwestionariuszami aktywności fizycznej SEWL i kinezjofobii KCS, uwzględniając zmienność związaną z wiekiem. Stwierdzono wyższy poziom kinezjofobii i niższy poziom aktywności fizycznej u kobiet niż u mężczyzn.
    09/2013;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0), which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and is otherwise in compliance with the license. Abstract Background & Study Aim: The increasing life span and sedentary lifestyle of the general population impose higher demands on functional
  • Rafael Gnat, Edward Saulicz, Barbara Miądowicz
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate intra- and inter-rater reliability of the ultrasound measurement of transversus abdominis (TrA) thickness and thickness change (difference between thickness at rest and during contraction) in asymptomatic, trained subjects. To define the number of repeated measurements that provide acceptable level of reliability. To investigate variability of the measurements over time of 5 days and the reliability of duplicate analysis of images. A single-group repeated-measures design was used to assess reliability. Healthy volunteers (n = 10) were subjected to 1-week training in voluntary activation of TrA. Real-time ultrasound imaging and subsequent measurement of the TrA thickness at rest and during voluntary contraction were repeated on Monday, Wednesday and Friday of the next week. Using a single repeated measurement, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) for TrA thickness were: 0.86-0.95 (intra-rater), 0.86-0.92 (inter-rater); and for TrA thickness change: 0.34-0.56 (intra-rater), 0.47-0.61 (inter-rater). Using the mean of three repeated measurements respective values were: 0.97, 0.96-0.98; and 0.81-0.84, 0.80-0.90. No significant differences were found between mean values of TrA thickness as well as thickness change obtained on three consecutive measurement days. Duplicate analysis of the images was highly reliable with ICCs of 0.89-0.99. Two repeated measurements for TrA thickness and at least three measurements for TrA thickness change are needed to achieve acceptable levels of intra- and inter-rater reliability. In healthy trained volunteers TrA thickness and thickness change are relatively stable parameters over a 5-day period. Duplicate analysis of the same images by two blinded observers is reliable.
    European Spine Journal 02/2012; 21(8):1508-15. · 2.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: abstract introduction: Hypokinesis, being one of the major causes of diseases, constitutes a big problem for modern developed societies. The solution to it will become achievable after diagnosing the major causes of passivity. It has been assumed that physical passivity is caused by kinesiophobia, understood as character disposition. objective: The aim of the study is to establish the level and potential dimorphic differences of barriers to physical activity. subject group and methodology: 996 people (708 female, 288 male) were examined using psychometric techniques. A Polish version of Kinesiophobia Causes Scale (KCS) questionnaire was used supported by author’s demographics. Statistical analysis encompassed carrying out descriptive statistics and comparison of subjects on the basis of gender (U Mann Whitney test), age and place of residence (ANOVA). Also the relationship between BMI and domains and the general indicator of kinesiophobia was examined. results: Gender is the factor differentiating the level of kinesiophobia both in regard to its general level as well as biological and psychological spheres. conclusion: When creating both preventive and therapeutic programmes among various factors of kinesiophobia as well as gender differentiation should be taken into consideration. Key words: kinesiophobia, hypokinesia, barriers to physical activity
    Przegląd Medyczny Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego i Narodowego Instytutu Leków w Warszawie. 01/2012; 3(ISSN 2082-369X):277-287.
  • Source
    Andrzej Knapik, Edward Saulicz, Rafał Gnat
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Technical development of human civilisation brings about a decrease of adaptation potential of an individual, which is directly linked to deficient motor activity. Only precise identification of factors leading to hypokinesia would make prophylactic and therapeutic actions possible. In this article, authors would like to introduce a new, original tool aiming at diagnosing limitations of motor activity in adults. They propose a synthetic diagnosis of hypokinesia in two domains: biological and psycho-social, which is based on the contemporary model of health.
    Journal of Human Kinetics 06/2011; 28:25-31. · 0.46 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spinal pain syndromes are among the most frequent causes of ill health. Long-lasting sustained overload results in a critical decrease in the distance between neighbouring vertebrae and radiation of pain. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of cervical traction and the TENS method on the strength of painless grip and maximum strength of the arm flexors. The study included 45 patients with overload-induced cervical pain, ranging in age from 21 to 66 years. The patients underwent a therapy based on the Saunders traction device and the TENS method. The traction force was regulated so that the patient would feel noticeable but painless traction. The TENS procedure was performed using the conventional method. The patients were divided into three groups. The Saunders traction device was used in the first group, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and traction were applied in the second group, while the patients in the third group were received TENS only. Each patient underwent 10 treatment sessions with intervals between sessions not exceeding three days. The results showed the greatest improvement in the strength of painless hand grip. Maximum strength increased only on the left side in the group which received only the traction treatment. The use of the Saunders cervical traction device produced an increase in painless hand grip strength in patients with cervical spine pain. Both treatments had a limited effect on maximum hand grip strength.
    Ortopedia, traumatologia, rehabilitacja. 02/2011; 13(1):37-44.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: According to many authors, the access to public health service is obstructed for the intellectually handicapped people. To meet this argument Special Olympics created a program Healthy Sportsmen. This program relates to intellectually handicapped people all over the world and its aim is to diagnose selected clinical illnesses and create data bank of this social group. Additionally, it provides an opportunity for the 'young physicians' to improve their knowledge and skills in the area of practice with the handicapped. The aim of the study was to answer the question: what is the parents' evaluation of the quality of the selected health services provided to children with different degree of intellectual handicap on the example of two voivodeships of southern Poland. 108 parents of intellectually disabled children took part in the study (51 women and 57 men): 71 respondents (66%) from the Silesian voivodeship and 37 (34%) from the Lesser Poland voivodeship. The study included the author's questionnaire in which 15 questions, concerning the opinions about selected medical services, were asked. In the opinion of parents' of the intellectually handicapped the access to dental services was evaluated at the lowest level. The attitude of the society towards the people with mental handicap, support and help offers from the Health Service units and the accessibility of the secondary health care were evaluated at similarly low level. The services provided by the primary care physicians and physiotherapists were evaluated at the highest level. There is a constant need to improve the methods of practice with the intellectually handicapped patients.
    Wiadomości lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland: 1960) 01/2011; 64(3):159-63.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: J ORTHOP TRAUMA SURG REL RES 6 (26) 2011 Original article/Artykuł oryginalny Summary Background. Today's demographic trends -a permanent increase in the percentage of elderly people, tend to search for all determinants of health in the elderly. The aim of the study was to analyse the influence of physical activity on a self-assessment health in older women. Materials and methods. 186 women aged 55-75 were tested with the application of sociome-tric methods. The following questionnaires were applied: self-assessment of activity levels (SEWL) and self-assessment of health (SF-36 Results. Relationship was found between the activity and the physical and mental health component as well as a decrease of activity and self-assessment of health with age. Conclusions. Physical activity is a potent factor influencing positive to health self-assessment in all its aspects. Age gradually reduces motor activity of women: the limit of 60 years old -for the professional activity, and 70 years old -for the overall activity. Key words: physical activity, self-assessment of health Streszczenie Wstêp. Wspó³czesne tendencje demograficzne – sta³y wzrost odsetka osób w starszym wieku, sk³aniaj¹ do poszukiwañ wszelkich determinantów zdrowia osób starszych. Przedmiotem badañ by³o okreoelenie wp³ywu aktywnooeci fizycznej na samoocenê zdrowia starszych kobiet. Materia³ i metody. Zbadano 186 kobiet w wieku 55-75 lat metodami socjometrycznymi: poziom aktywnooeci okreoelono przy u¿yciu kwestionariusza SEWL, poziom jakooeci ¿ycia powi¹zanej ze zdrowiem przy u¿yciu kwestionariusza SF-36. Wyniki. Znaleziono korelacje istotne statystycznie (p?0,05) miêdzy poziomami aktywnooeci a samoocen¹ zdrowia. Odnotowano spadek wraz z wiekiem zarówno poziomu aktywnooeci, jak i samooceny zdrowia. Wnioski. Aktywnooeae ruchowa jest silnie dzia³aj¹cym czynnikiem, korzystnie wp³ywaj¹cym na samoocenê zdrowia we wszystkich jej aspektach. Wiek stopniowo ogranicza aktywnooeae ruchow¹ kobiet: granica 60 lat – dla aktywnooeci zawodowej, a 70 lat – dla ogólnej aktywnooeci.
    01/2011;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Are Butler's neuromobilizations combined with proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation and traditional post-stroke therapy more effective in reducing affected upper extremity sensory deficits in late-stage stroke subjects than proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation combined with traditional therapy or traditional therapy alone? Pretest-posttest three-group randomized clinical experimental design. A total of 96 late-stage stroke subjects were randomly assigned to three groups. The therapeutic programme in the control group was based on traditional post-stroke methods. The second group (experimental 1) received in addition individual therapy based on the proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation method. The third group (experimental 2) received a combination: traditional therapeutic programme plus individual proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercises plus neuromobilization of the affected upper extremity. All groups received 18 training sessions lasting about 45 minutes each. Assessment of the two-point discriminatory sense (distance between the tips of the compass when the subject indicated two-point sensation), stereognosia (identification up to 10 objects by touch) and thermaesthesia (using hot and cold cylinders on dermatomes C6-C8) were performed. Analysis of change scores showed that two-point discriminatory sense for experimental group 2 was significantly better than that in the two other groups (P<0.001). Similar results were registered for thermaesthesia (experimental 2 versus experimental 1 P<0.01; experimental 2 versus control P<0.001). For stereognosia the only significant difference was found between experimental group 2 and the control group (P<0.05). In our subjects, application of Butler's neuromobilizations combined with proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation showed greater effectiveness in reducing sensory deficits than proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation or traditional therapy alone.
    Clinical Rehabilitation 09/2010; 24(9):810-21. · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • T. Wolny, E. Saulicz, R. Gnat, M. Kokosz
    Physikalische Medizin Rehabilitationsmedizin Kurortmedizin - PHYSIK MED REHABIL KURORTMEDI. 01/2010; 20(03):164-169.
  • Source
    01/2010;