[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to show changes in salivary cortisol and chromogranin A/protein concentrations as stress markers during pregnancy and to clarify the effect of chronic stress on stress markers.
Salivary samples were collected from 69 pregnant women during pregnancy. Salivary cortisol levels and chromogranin A/protein titers were determined. We surveyed the women's chronic stress using the Zung self-rating depression scale and General Health Questionnaire-28.
Cortisol levels in the saliva of pregnant women showed biphasic change during pregnancy. Chromogranin A/protein levels in the saliva of pregnant women increased in the second and the early third trimesters and decreased to the puerperal period. Salivary cortisol concentrations of the chronic high stress group were significantly lower compared with those of the normal group. Salivary chromogranin A/protein concentrations of the chronic high stress group were also significantly lower than those of the normal group.
The titration of salivary cortisol concentrations and chromogranin A/protein levels is a useful tool to determine maternal stress levels. The elevation of cortisol and chromogranin A/protein in the saliva was suppressed in the chronic high stress group during pregnancy.
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research 04/2011; 37(8):1004-9. DOI:10.1111/j.1447-0756.2010.01473.x · 0.84 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: we aimed to investigate the expression of the tumor-associated RCAS1 protein in maternal blood of uncomplicated pregnancies.
maternal blood was obtained from women with uncomplicated pregnancies (N = 43) at 11-13, 20-22, 32-34, 37-38 weeks of gestation, and immediately after delivery. Serum RCAS1 concentration was studied by ELISA, and plasma mRNA was subjected to real-time (RT)-PCR.
serum RCAS1 protein concentration was significantly up-regulated at 11-13 and 20-22 weeks than that at 32-34 weeks and after delivery. RCAS1 mRNA level was significantly increased at 11-13 weeks than that at 37-38 weeks. A significant positive correlation was defined between RCAS1 serum concentration at 11-13 weeks and gestational age at delivery and that between plasma RCAS1 mRNA levels at 37-38 weeks and umbilical cord blood base excess. A significant negative correlation was found between RCAS1 serum concentration at 37-38 weeks and umbilical cord blood pH at delivery.
RCAS1 protein might have importance in the development of uncomplicated pregnancies and for the prediction of pregnancy outcome.
American Journal Of Reproductive Immunology 09/2010; 64(3):218-24. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0897.2010.00859.x · 3.32 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our aim was to investigate the expression of S100B protein in the amnion and to assess the amniotic fluid concentration in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia. Samples were obtained from women who developed pre-eclampsia (n = 7), pre-eclampsia with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) (n = 4), normotensive IUGR (n = 7) and gestational hypertension (n = 4) during pregnancy and healthy controls who delivered at term (n = 35). To determine the difference in the expression of S100B in the amnion, we performed immunohistochemistry, western blot analysis and RT-PCR. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we assessed the S100B concentration in amniotic fluid. The S100B mRNA expression in the amnion of pre-eclamptic patients and patients with pre-eclampsia with IUGR was significantly higher than that in the control. The amniotic fluid S100B protein concentration of the pre-eclampsia and normotensive IUGR cases was significantly higher than that of the control. This study shows that amnion could be a source responsible for the increased concentration of S100B in amniotic fluid. In pre-eclampsia, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated by oxidative stress. Some pathological conditions that develop during pregnancy and are related to hypoxic stress can affect the elevation of S100B concentration in the amnion.
Molecular Human Reproduction 01/2007; 12(12):755-61. DOI:10.1093/molehr/gal083 · 3.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hypothermia is a potential therapy for cerebral hypoxic ischemic injury of not only adults but also neonates. However, the side effects of hypothermia in the developing brain, where a massive amount of neurogenesis occurs, remain unclear. We investigated the proliferation of neural progenitor cells by systemic application of the thymidine analog 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) in neonatal rats in a severe hypothermic environment. The rat pups were divided into two groups, a hypothermia group (30 degrees C: n=10) and a normothermia group (37 degrees C: n=10). After the pups were placed for 21 h in each environment, 100 mg/kg/day of BrdU was injected intraperitoneally to label dividing cells, and then the pups were sacrificed at 24 h. We examined the number of BrdU-labeled cells in the subventricular zone of the periventricle and the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus. In the hypothermic environment, BrdU-labeled cells significantly decreased in number in the dentate gyrus, but not in the periventricular region. Thus, the severe hypothermic environment induced a decrease of neurogenesis in the neonatal rat. These observations are noteworthy regarding clinical hypothermia therapy following cerebral hypoxic ischemic injury during the perinatal period.
Brain Research 10/2006; 1111(1):36-40. DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2006.06.112 · 2.83 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of maternal ingestion of an ordinary dose of coffee on maternal stress and placental and fetal blood circulation during the third trimester of pregnancy.
We performed a Doppler blood flow analysis for 10 women in the third trimester of pregnancy before and after they drank a cup of coffee. Salivary samples were collected from the 10 pregnant women and 14 nonpregnant controls just before coffee intake and 30 min later. Salivary cortisol levels and chromogranin A titers were determined.
Coffee intake had no effect on maternal or fetal blood flow. Among the pregnant women, Salivary cortisol levels were significantly reduced after coffee intake but salivary chromogranin A concentration was not significantly different before and after coffee intake.
The reduced salivary cortisol levels suggest that coffee intake decreases maternal stress during pregnancy.
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 02/2006; 92(1):19-22. DOI:10.1016/j.ijgo.2005.09.011 · 1.56 Impact Factor