ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and genotype distribution of single and multiple human papillomavirus (HPV) infections in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) in a Mexican population and to assess their associations with smoking and drinking habits and clinicopathologic characteristics.
A cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of patients diagnosed with HNSCCs. Tumor DNA was amplified using polymerase chain reaction with HPV consensus and multiplex primers. The associations among HPV status, survival, and clinical characteristics were analyzed.
Sixteen of the 43 HNSCCs were HPV positive. HPV16 was the most prevalent type, with single infections present in 5 cases, whereas another 5 cases were combined with HPV56 infection. There was a significant association between HPV infection and oropharyngeal cancers. HPV positivity was associated with overall survival at a nearly significant P level of 0.06.
Our data support the importance of HPV infection in oropharyngeal cancer, with a trend toward higher survival in HPV-positive cases.
Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology and oral radiology. 09/2012; 114(3):350-7.
ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and genotype distribution in Mexican women with similar lifestyles from two geographical regions who receive medical care from the Mexican Navy Health System, and to identify the associated sociodemographic and reproductive characteristics.
Cervical swabs from 671 women, beneficiaries of the Mexican Navy Health System, from two distinct southern coast regions of Mexico, were analyzed. Data were obtained regarding sociodemographic variables and sexual and reproductive history. For HPV detection and typing, PCR with general primers and direct sequencing were performed on extracted DNA. Association with clinical variables was evaluated.
Most patients had a normal cytology or low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. A high prevalence of HPV was found (43.6%), with a significant difference between the two regions studied from the southwest Pacific coast of Mexico (37.6% in Acapulco, Guerrero vs. 49.7% in Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán). Some differences were also found associated to HPV type distribution, particularly related to genotypes 18, 58, and 53. Factors influencing these differences could not be identified with the analysis of typical risk factors linked to the acquisition of an HPV infection.
Regional differences in HPV prevalence and distribution show an apparent geographic boundary between the studied populations that deserves further analysis, taking into account other factors such as those related to the sexual partners.
International journal of infectious diseases: IJID: official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases 10/2010; 14(12):e1082-7. · 2.17 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To investigate the presence of high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV) in esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCCs) in a non-selected Mexican population.
Cases with a pathological diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus were obtained from Department of Pathology files, at the National Cancer Institute in Mexico City during the period between 2000 and 2008. Slides from each case were reviewed and cases with sufficient neoplastic tissue were selected for molecular analysis. DNA was extracted from paraffin-embedded tissue samples for polymerase chain reaction analysis to detect HPV DNA sequences. Demographic and clinical data of each patient were retrieved from corresponding clinical records.
HPV was detected in 15 (25%) of ESCCs. HPV-16 was the most frequently observed genotype, followed by HPV-18; HPV-59 was also detected in one case. Unfortunately, HPV genotype could not be established in three cases due to lack of material for direct sequencing, although universal primers detected the presence of HPV generic sequences. No low-risk HPV genotypes were found nor was HPV-16/18 co-infection. HPV presence in ESCC was not significantly associated with gender, age, alcohol consumption, smoking, anatomic location, or histologic grade. All patients belonged to low and very low socioeconomic strata, and were diagnosed at advanced disease stage. Male patients were most commonly affected and the male:female ratio in HPV-positive ESCC increased two-fold in comparison with HPV-negative cases (6.5:1 vs 3.1:1).
High prevalence of high-risk HPV in ESCC in Mexico does not support the hypothesis that HPV-associated ESCC is more common in areas with higher ESCC incidence rates.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 08/2009; 15(25):3142-7. · 2.47 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Several intratype variants of HPV16 and 18 have been identified. These variants are associated with populations from different geographic regions, and show a differential distribution among the severity of the cervical lesion, most likely due to different pathogenic potential. The objective of this study was to investigate the variant distribution of HPV16 and 18 in a Mexican population and its association with the severity of the cervical lesion and the histological lineage of cervical cancer.
HPV types 16 and 18 detection was performed in 412 samples of preinvasive and invasive specimens from patients attending a Primary Health-Care Center, an Early Cervical Lesion Clinic, or a Cancer Center. Distribution of HPV variants was correlated with the cytological findings and tumor cell types using contingency tables. Statistical difference was tested with the Fisher's Exact Test or its Fisher-Freeman-Halton extension for RXC tables. Alpha value was set at the P < 0.05.
Among the 277 women included in this study without cancer, 63.5% (176 cases) had a normal cytology; from the remaining 101 women, 53.5% were LSIL (54 cases), and 46.5% HSIL (47 cases). From a total of 135 invasive carcinomas, 78.5% were squamous (106 cases); 6.6% adenocarcinoma (9 cases); 9.6% adenosquamous (ADSC) (13 cases); and 5.1% were undifferentiated carcinoma (7 cases). HPV16 E and AA-a were evenly distributed among preinvasive and invasive lesions. However, the isolate AA-c was exclusively found in cervical cancer. HPV18 Var-1(E) was almost exclusively found in invasive lesions, while the HPV18 Var-2(Af) predominated in normal or preinvasive lesions. In invasive cancer, this variant was found only in squamous tumors.
The differential distribution of HPV16 and 18 variants in cervical lesions we found further supports experimental data on the different pathogenic potential of HPV16 and 18 variants for cervical cancer development.
Gynecologic Oncology 09/2006; 102(2):230-5. · 3.89 Impact Factor