Ute Kaim

University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Publications (7)14.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to follow the course of a subclinical Lawsonia (L.) intracellularis infection in a group of 60 pigs on a commercial farm from weaning to slaughter. From 6 to 16 and at 26 weeks of age, rectal faecal samples and blood samples were collected weekly from every pig for examination by PCR and blocking ELISA, respectively. At corresponding times starting at 8 weeks of age, pigs were randomly selected for necropsy (n=51). Intestinal tissues were examined histopathologically and by immunohistochemistry (IHC) for L. intracellularis antigen. Infection with L. intracellularis showed a mainly subclinical course. Shedding of L. intracellularis was detected by PCR in three pigs as early as 6 weeks of age and persisted up until 14 weeks of age. In most pigs shedding of L. intracellularis was seen only for 1-2 weeks followed by a rapid serum antibody response. More than 50% of pigs had seroconverted by week 10. At slaughter, 30.8% of investigated animals were still found to be seropositive by ELISA. Of the 60 study animals 39 were found positive by faeces PCR (65.0%), 49 animals were found positive by serology (81.7%), and 35 pigs (68.6%) had positive results by IHC at necropsy. All but one pig were found to be L. intracellularis infected by at least one of the three methods (98.3%). In conclusion, this is the first field study revealing the presence of prominent histological lesions characteristic for L. intracellularis infection and associated positive pathogen specific PCR and immunohistological results even in subclinically infected pigs. Although intestinal alterations disappeared after 3-4 weeks, L. intracellularis was detected by IHC for a longer time, especially in intestinal lymph nodes.
    Veterinary Microbiology 12/2010; 146(3-4):361-5. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A 26-year-old female African elephant (Loxodonta africana) with a history of purulent pododermatitis, recurrent abdominal pain, and severe weight loss died spontaneously after a period of deteriorating disease. The main pathological finding was a severe bilateral pyogranulomatous, partially necrotizing pneumonia with numerous intralesional fungal hyphae. At microbiological examination Aspergillus spp. were isolated. The present case indicates that mycotic pneumonia should to be considered as a differential diagnosis of pulmonary disorders in elephants.
    DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift 05/2009; 116(4):148-51. · 0.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Swinepox virus infection results in an acute, mild or subclinical course and is characterised by typical poxvirus skin lesions in affected pigs. Additionally, sporadic vertical swinepox virus transmission leads to congenital generalised infection and subsequent abortion or stillbirth. The present report describes the occurrence of epidermal efflorescences in two piglets after intrauterine natural suipoxvirus infection. No clinical abnormalities of the gilt and littermates as well as in other pigs from this herd were present. One of the affected piglets was stillborn and submitted for necropsy, the other animal was alive at birth, but died 3 days later. Histologically, a proliferative to ulcerative dermatitis with epithelial ballooning degeneration and characteristic intracytoplasmatic inclusion bodies was observed. The pathomorphological and histopathological suspected diagnosis of a poxvirus infection was confirmed by electron microscopy. Furthermore, the agent was identified as suipoxvirus by polymerase chain reaction. As demonstrated here, obvious skin lesions in suipoxvirus infection leads to a suspected diagnosis in newborn piglets on macroscopic examination. However, further post mortem examinations, including electron microscopy as well as molecular techniques are essential for the identification of the aetiology and the exclusion of differential diagnoses. Because the disease only affected two pigs there was only a small economic loss. A valid diagnostic plays an important role in advising farmers and for herd health monitoring.
    DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift 05/2008; 115(4):162-6. · 0.41 Impact Factor
  • Archives of Virology 02/2008; 153(5):951-6. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Streptococcus suis serotype 2 is a porcine and human pathogen with adhesive and invasive properties. In other streptococci, large surface-associated proteins (>100 kDa) of the MSCRAMM family (microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules) are key players in interactions with host tissue. In this study, we identified a novel opacity factor of S. suis (OFS) with structural homology to members of the MSCRAMM family. The N-terminal region of OFS is homologous to the respective regions of fibronectin-binding protein A (FnBA) of Streptococcus dysgalactiae and the serum opacity factor (SOF) of Streptococcus pyogenes. Similar to these two proteins, the N-terminal domain of OFS opacified horse serum. Serum opacification activity was detectable in sodium dodecyl sulfate extracts of wild-type S. suis but not in extracts of isogenic ofs knockout mutants. Heterologous expression of OFS in Lactococcus lactis demonstrated that a high level of expression of OFS is sufficient to provide surface-associated serum opacification activity. Furthermore, serum opacification could be inhibited by an antiserum against recombinant OFS. The C-terminal repetitive sequence elements of OFS differed significantly from the respective repeat regions of FnBA and SOF as well as from the consensus sequence of the fibronectin-binding repeats of MSCRAMMs. Accordingly, fibronectin binding was not detectable in recombinant OFS. To investigate the putative function of OFS in the pathogenesis of invasive S. suis diseases, piglets were experimentally infected with an isogenic mutant strain in which the ofs gene had been knocked out by an in-frame deletion. The mutant was severely attenuated in virulence but not in colonization, demonstrating that OFS represents a novel virulence determinant of S. suis.
    Infection and Immunity 11/2006; 74(11):6154-62. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Canine cutaneous histiocytoma is a benign epidermal neoplasm of Langerhans cell origin, which usually displays spontaneous regression. Based on the degree of lymphocytic infiltration, 30 histiocytomas were classified into four groups representing different stages of tumour regression. To elucidate further the mechanisms of the antitumour immune response CD3+, CD21+, CD4+, CD8+ and myeloid/histiocyte antigen+ inflammatory cells were differentiated by immunohistochemistry and quantified. In addition, the number of apoptotic cells was detected using the TdT-mediated biotin-dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL) method. Furthermore, the expression of interleukin- (IL-2), IL-12(p40), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), IL-10 and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) as well as inducible nitric oxid synthase (iNOS) mRNA was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Phenotyping of inflammatory cells revealed a significantly increased infiltration of all lymphocyte subsets and myeloid/histiocytic cells with the onset of tumour regression. The latter was significantly correlated to up-regulation of IL-2, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma and iNOS mRNA expression. Expression of remaining cytokines and percentage of apoptotic cells showed no group-specific changes. The results indicate an initial infiltration of CD4+ T cells followed by increased expression of Th1 cytokines and recruitment of antitumour effector cells as the principal mechanism for tumour regression. Canine cutaneous histiocytoma is a unique example for an effective immune response in a naturally occurring neoplasm derived from epidermal Langerhans cells and might represent a valuable animal model to investigate tumour immunity.
    Immunology 09/2006; 118(4):472-82. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Canine distemper is caused by the canine distemper virus (CDV), a RNA virus belonging to the genus Morbillivirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. The genus Morbillivirus includes measles virus, Rinderpest virus and peste-des-petits-ruminants virus. The host spectrum of CDV, which includes numerous families of Carnivores, has been changed in the last years and distemper-like diseases have been observed in numerous other species. These include epidemics in large felids, marine mammals and javelinas. Different viruses have been isolated from pinnipeds including a seal-specific isolate, termed phocine distemper virus 1, PDV-1, and a CDV strain, named PDV-2. Retrospective analysis of previous epidemics among marine mammals in various regions of the world provide evidence for the occurrence of so far unrecognized morbillivirus epidemics. In some including the mass mortalities of Baikal and Caspian seals and of large felids in the Serengeti, terrestrial carnivores including dogs and wolves have been suspected as a vector for the infectious agent. However, in other epidemics among marine mammals the source of infection remains unknown including both seal epidemics in northwestern Europe in 1988 and 2002. It remains to be determined whether a morbillivirus from other marine mammals or terrestrial carnivores caused the infection in this unprotected seal populations.
    DTW. Deutsche tierärztliche Wochenschrift 05/2003; 110(4):137-42. · 0.41 Impact Factor