Metsada Pasmanik-Chor

Tel Aviv University, Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel

Are you Metsada Pasmanik-Chor?

Claim your profile

Publications (72)363.13 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dysfunction of the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) results in degeneration of photoreceptors and vision loss and is correlated with common blinding disorders in humans. Although many protein-coding genes are known to be expressed in RPEs and important for their development and maintenance, virtually nothing is known about the in vivo roles of non-protein coding transcripts in RPEs. The expression patterns of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been analyzed in a variety of ocular tissues, and few were implicated to play role in RPE based on studies in cell lines. Herein, through RPE specific conditional mutagenesis of Dicer1 or DGCR8, the importance of miRNA for RPE differentiation was uncovered. Interestingly, miRNAs were found to be dispensable for maintaining the RPE fate and survival, and yet they are essential for acquisition of important RPE properties such as the expression of genes involved in the visual cycle pathway, pigmentation and cell adhesion. Importantly miRNAs of the RPE were found to be required for maturation of the adjacent photoreceptors, specifically for the morphogenesis of the outer segments. The profiles of miRNA and mRNA altered in the Dicer1 deficient RPE point to a key role of miR-204 in regulation of RPE differentiation program in vivo and uncovers the importance of additional novel RPE miRNAs. The study exposes the combined regulatory activity of miRNAs of the RPE, which is required for RPE differentiation and for the development of the adjacent neuroretina. © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
    Development 06/2015; DOI:10.1242/dev.121533 · 6.27 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Myelin is comprised of a compactly stacked massive surface area of protein-poor, thick membrane that insulates axons to allow fast signal propagation. Increasing levels of the myelin protein plasmolipin (PLLP) were correlated with post-natal myelination. However its function is unknown. Here, the intracellular localization and dynamics of PLLP was characterized in primary glial and cultured cells using fluorescent protein (FP) tagged PLLP and anti-PLLP antibodies. PLLP localized to and recycled between the plasma membrane (PM) and the Golgi apparatus. In the Golgi apparatus PLLP forms oligomers based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). PLLP oligomers blocked Golgi to PM transport of the secretory protein VSVG, but not a VSVG mutant with an elongated transmembrane domain. Laurdan staining analysis showed that this block is associated with PLLP-induced proliferation of liquid-ordered membranes. These findings show the capacity of PLLP to assemble potential myelin membrane precursor domains at the Golgi apparatus via its oligomerization and attraction of liquid ordered lipids. These data support a model whereby PLLP functions in myelin biogenesis by organization of myelin liquid ordered membranes in the Golgi apparatus. © 2015. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.
    Journal of Cell Science 05/2015; DOI:10.1242/jcs.166249 · 5.33 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Alopecia-Neurological defects-Endocrinopathy (ANE) syndrome is a rare inherited hair disorder, which was shown to result from decreased expression of the RNA binding motif protein 28 (RBM28). In the present study, we attempted to delineate the role of RBM28 in hair biology. First, we sought to obtain evidence for the direct involvement of RBM28 in hair growth. When RBM28 was down-regulated in human hair follicle (HF) organ cultures, we observed catagen induction and HF growth arrest, indicating that RBM28 is necessary for normal hair growth. We also aimed at identifying molecular targets of RBM28. Given that an RBM28 homolog was recently found to regulate miRNA biogenesis in C. elegans and given the known pivotal importance of miRNAs for proper hair follicle development, we studied global miRNA expression profile in cells knocked down for RBM28. This analysis revealed that RBM28 controls the expression of miR-203. miR-203 was found to regulate in turn TP63, encoding the transcription factor p63, which is critical for hair morphogenesis. In conclusion, RBM28 contributes to HF growth regulation through modulation of miR-203 and p63 activity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Experimental Dermatology 05/2015; DOI:10.1111/exd.12737 · 4.12 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genetic syndromes involving both brain and eye abnormalities are numerous and include syndromes such as Warburg micro syndrome, Kaufman oculocerebrofacial syndrome, Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome, Kahrizi syndrome and others. Using exome sequencing, we have been able to identify homozygous mutation p.(Tyr39Cys) in MED25 as the cause of a syndrome characterized by eye, brain, cardiac and palatal abnormalities as well as growth retardation, microcephaly and severe intellectual disability in seven patients from four unrelated families, all originating from the same village. The protein encoded by MED25 belongs to Mediator complex or MED complex, which is an evolutionary conserved multi-subunit RNA polymerase II transcriptional regulator complex. The MED25 point mutation is located in the von Willebrand factor type A (MED25 VWA) domain which is responsible for MED25 recruitment into the Mediator complex; co-immunoprecipitation experiment demonstrated that this mutation dramatically impairs MED25 interaction with the Mediator complex in mammalian cells.
    Human Genetics 03/2015; 134(6). DOI:10.1007/s00439-015-1541-x · 4.52 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: V600E being the most common mutation in BRAF, leads to constitutive activation of the MAPK signaling pathway. The majority of V600E BRAF positive melanoma patients treated with the BRAF inhibitor vemurafenib showed initial good clinical responses but relapsed due to acquired resistance to the drug. The aim of the present study was to identify possible biomarkers associated with the emergence of drug resistant melanoma cells. To this end we analyzed the differential gene expression of vemurafenib-sensitive and vemurafenib resistant brain and lung metastasizing melanoma cells. The major finding of this study is that the in vitro induction of vemurafenib resistance in melanoma cells is associated with an increased malignancy phenotype of these cells. Resistant cells expressed higher levels of genes coding for cancer stem cell markers (JARID1B, CD271 and Fibronectin) as well as genes involved in drug resistance (ABCG2), cell invasion and promotion of metastasis (MMP-1 and MMP-2). We also showed that drug-resistant melanoma cells adhere better to and transmigrate more efficiently through lung endothelial cells than drug-sensitive cells. The former cells also alter their microenvironment in a different manner from that of drug-sensitive cells. Biomarkers and molecular mechanisms associated with drug resistance may serve as targets for therapy of drug-resistant cancer. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Cancer Letters 02/2015; 361(1). DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2015.02.041 · 5.02 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that participate in many biological processes by posttranscriptionally regulating gene expression. Dysregulation of miRNA expression has been shown to be typical of many neoplasms. Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a disorder of hematopoietic stem cells carrying the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome and an oncogenic BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase fusion gene. While the development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) like imatinib have revolutionized treatment of CML, it has become increasingly clear in recent years that TKIs treatment alone will not be curative in many cases. Thus, further dissection of the regulatory networks that drive BCR-ABL-induced malignant transformation may help to identify other novel therapeutic approaches that complement TKIs treatment. In this study we demonstrate that the expression of miR-424 is markedly low in CML cell lines and patient samples at time of diagnosis. With the aid of bioinformatics analysis we revealed a conserved target site for miR-424 in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the ABL gene. Via luciferase assays, we showed that miR-424 directly targets BCR-ABL. Over expression of miR-424 was shown to suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis of K562 cells as well as sensitize these cells to imatinib treatment. These findings strongly suggest that miR-424 acts as a tumor suppressor by down regulating BCR-ABL expression. Up-regulation of miR-424 in CML cells may therefore have a therapeutic effect against this disease. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Cancer Letters 02/2015; 360(2). DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2015.02.031 · 5.02 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Placental factors, progesterone included, facilitate breast cancer cell line (BCCL) motility and thus may contribute to the advanced breast cancer found during pregnancy. Cancer and placental implantations are similar; the last is accompanied by extravillous trophoblast cell invasion and autophagy which are interlinked. We aimed to analyze the effect of first trimester human placenta on BCCL autophagy. BCCLs (MCF-7/T47D) were cultured with placental explants (60 h) or placental supernatants (24 h). Following cultures, BCCLs were sorted out for RNA/protein extraction. RNA served for microarray/qPCR (BNIP3) and protein for Western blot (HIF1α, LC3BII) analyses. Inhibitors were added to the placenta-MCF-7 coculture or placental supernatants (autophagy inhibitor-3MA, progesterone receptor (PR) inhibitor-RU486, and HIF1α inhibitor-Vitexin) in order to evaluate their effects on BCCL motility and LC3BII/HIF1α expression. LC3BII (an autophagy marker) expression was elevated in BCCLs following placental explant coculture and exposure to placental supernatants. The autophagy inhibitor (3MA) repressed the placenta-induced MCF-7/T47D migration, establishing a connection between BCCL autophagy and migration. Microarray analysis of MCF-7 following placenta-MCF-7 coculture showed that "HIF1α pathway," a known autophagy facilitator, was significantly manipulated. Indeed, placental factors elevated HIF1α and its target BNIP3 in the BCCLs, verifying array results. Lastly, PR inhibitor reduced HIF1α expression and both PR and HIF1α inhibitors reduced MCF-7 LC3BII expression and motility, suggesting involvement of the PR-HIF1α axis in the autophagy process. Placental factors induced BCCL autophagy that is interlinked to their motility. This suggests that autophagy-related molecules may serve as targets for therapy in pregnancy-associated breast cancer.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 02/2015; 149(3). DOI:10.1007/s10549-015-3266-x · 4.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Accumulating data indicate translation plays a role in cancer biology, particularly its rate limiting stage of initiation. Despite this evolving recognition, the function and importance of specific translation initiation factors is unresolved. The eukaryotic translation initiation complex eIF4F consists of eIF4E and eIF4G at a 1:1 ratio. Although it is expected that they display interdependent functions, several publications suggest independent mechanisms. This study is the first to directly assess the relative contribution of eIF4F components to the expressed cellular proteome, transcription factors, microRNAs, and phenotype in a malignancy known for extensive protein synthesis-multiple myeloma (MM). Previously, we have shown that eIF4E/eIF4GI attenuation (siRNA/Avastin) deleteriously affected MM cells' fate and reduced levels of eIF4E/eIF4GI established targets. Here, we demonstrated that eIF4E/eIF4GI indeed have individual influences on cell proteome. We used an objective, high throughput assay of mRNA microarrays to examine the significance of eIF4E/eIF4GI silencing to several cellular facets such as transcription factors, microRNAs and phenotype. We showed different imprints for eIF4E and eIF4GI in all assayed aspects. These results promote our understanding of the relative contribution and importance of eIF4E and eIF4GI to the malignant phenotype and shed light on their function in eIF4F translation initiation complex.
    Oncotarget 01/2015; · 6.63 Impact Factor
  • Illana Gozes, Adva Yeheskel, Metsada Pasmanik-Chor
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The recent finding of activity-dependent neuroprotective protein (ADNP) as a protein decreased in serum of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared to controls, alongside with the discovery of ADNP mutations in autism and coupled with the original description of cancer mutations, ignited an interest for a comparative analysis of ADNP with other AD/autism/cancer-associated genes. We strive toward a better understanding of the molecular structure of key players in psychiatric/neurodegenerative diseases including autism, schizophrenia, and AD. This article includes data mining and bioinformatics analysis on the ADNP gene and protein, in addition to other related genes, with emphasis on recent literature. ADNP is discovered here as unique to chordata with specific autism mutations different from cancer-associated mutation. Furthermore, ADNP exhibits similarities to other cancer/autism-associated genes. We suggest that key genes, which shape and maintain our brain and are prone to mutations and are by in large unique to chordata. Furthermore, these brain-controlling genes, like ADNP, are linked to cell growth and differentiation, and under different stress conditions may mutate or exhibit expression changes leading to cancer propagation. Better understanding of these genes could lead to better therapeutics.
    Journal of Alzheimer's disease: JAD 11/2014; DOI:10.3233/JAD-142490 · 3.61 Impact Factor
  • Danielle Karo-Atar, Michal Itan, Metsada Pasmanik-Chor, Ariel Munitz
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Macrophages are heterogeneous cells, which possess pleotropic effector and immunoregulatory functions. The phenotypic diversity of macrophages is best exemplified by the ability of IL-4 or IL-13, two key cytokines in asthma to promote macrophages into a suppressive/anti-inflammatory phenotype (e.g. alternatively activated or M2) whereas exposure to IFN-γ followed by microbial trigger renders macrophages pro-inflammatory (e.g. classically activated or M1). Intriguingly, only limited data exists regarding the expression of miRNA in M2 macrophages. Objective: To define the miRNA profile of M2 and M1 macrophages. Methods: Bone marrow-derived macrophages were activated to classically and alternatively activated states using IL-4, IL-13 or IFN-γ followed by E. Coli stimulation. Thereafter, an unbiased miRNA "mining" approach was utilized and the expression of several miRNAs was validated following in-vitro and in-vivo macrophage activation (qPCR). miR-511 over-expression was performed followed by global transcriptional and bioinformatic analyses. Results: We report unique miRNA expression profiles in M2 and M1 macrophages involving multiple miRNAs. Among these miRNAs we establish that miR-511 is increased in macrophages following IL-4- and IL-13-stimulation and decreased in M1 macrophages both in-vitro and in-vivo. Increased miR-511 expression was sufficient to induce marked transcriptional changes in macrophages. Interestingly, bioinformatics analyses revealed that miR-511 altered the expression of gene products that are associated with hallmark alternatively activated macrophage functions such as cellular proliferation, wound healing responses and inflammation. Conclusions: Our data establish miR-511 as a bona fide M2-associated miRNA. These data may have significant implications in asthma where the expression of IL-4 and IL-13 are highly increased.
    Journal of Asthma 11/2014; DOI:10.3109/02770903.2014.988222 · 1.83 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Women diagnosed with pregnancy associated breast cancer often have advanced cancer with metastases and reduced expression of ERα compared to non-pregnant women. Nevertheless, metastases to the placenta are uncommon. Previously, we demonstrated that breast cancer cells (MCF-7/T47D) migrated from ex vivo human placental explant implantation sites. We aimed to analyze the effect of factors produced during placental implantation or as a result of the interaction between the implanted placentae to cancer cells on cancer cells migration and aggressiveness. We collected supernatants from implanted placentae and placental-breast cancer cells cocultures and analyzed their effects on cancer cells phenotype and pathways. Supernatants collected from breast cancer cells served as controls. We found that supernatants collected from implanted placentae induced modest cancer cells migration that was not accompanied by epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), supported breast cancer cells survival and elevated MCF-7 cell number. The coculture supernatant induced excessive motility and EMT of the MCF-7 cells. This EMT was mediated by Smad3 and JNK/ERK activation. Both placenta and coculture supernatants reduced ERα expression in the cancer cells. Finally, we showed that MCF-7 cocultured with the human placental explants underwent continuous activation of JNK and Smad3 pathways and the EMT process, which led to their migration away from the placental implantation sites. These findings may explain the reduced ERα and elevated metastases found in breast cancer during pregnancy and highlights pathways involved in it.
    Clinical and Experimental Metastasis 10/2014; 31(8). DOI:10.1007/s10585-014-9683-0 · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a disorder of hematopoietic stem cell carrying the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome and an oncogenic BCR-ABL fusion gene. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) of the BCR-ABL kinase are the treatment of choice for CML patients. Imatinib was the first TKI used in clinical practice with excellent results. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding regulatory RNAs that control gene expression and play an important role in cancer development and progression. Aberrant miRNA expression profiles have been shown to be characteristic of many cancers. Here, we demonstrate that miR-30e is expressed at low levels in CML cell lines and patient samples. Bioinformatics analysis reveals a putative target site for miR-30e in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the ABL gene. In agreement, luciferase assay verified that miR-30e directly targets ABL. Enforced expression of miR-30e in K562 cells suppressed proliferation and induced apoptosis of these cells and sensitized them to imatinib treatment. These findings strongly suggest that miR-30e acts as a tumor suppressor by down regulating BCR-ABL expression. Up-regulation of miR-30e in CML cells may therefore have a therapeutic efficacy against this disease.
    Cancer Letters 10/2014; 356(2). DOI:10.1016/j.canlet.2014.10.006 · 5.02 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate molecular profiles in the small bowel (SB) mucosa proximal to the pouch in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients after pouch surgery.
    Gut 06/2014; 64(5). DOI:10.1136/gutjnl-2014-307387 · 13.32 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The liver has a remarkable capacity to regenerate after injury; yet, the role of macrophages (MF) in this process remains controversial mainly due to difficulties in distinguishing between different MF subsets. In this study, we used a murine model of acute liver injury induced by overdose of N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP) and defined three distinct MF subsets that populate the liver following injury. Accordingly, resident Kupffer cells (KC) were significantly reduced upon APAP challenge and started recovering by self-renewal at resolution phase without contribution of circulating Ly6C(hi) monocytes. The latter were recruited in a CCR2- and M-CSF-mediated pathway at the necroinflammatory phase and differentiated into ephemeral Ly6C(lo) MF subset at resolution phase. Moreover, their inducible ablation resulted in impaired recovery. Microarray-based molecular profiling uncovered high similarity between steady-state KC and those recovered at the resolution phase. In contrast, KC and monocyte-derived MF displayed distinct prorestorative genetic signature at the resolution phase. Finally, we show that infiltrating monocytes acquire a prorestorative polarization manifested by unique expression of proangiogenesis mediators and genes involved with inhibition of neutrophil activity and recruitment and promotion of their clearance. Collectively, our results present a novel phenotypic, ontogenic, and molecular definition of liver-MF compartment following acute injury.
    The Journal of Immunology 06/2014; 193(1). DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1400574 · 5.36 Impact Factor
  • Digestive disease week; 05/2014
  • Digestive disease week; 05/2014
  • Source
    Jonathan Witztum, Erez Persi, David Horn, Metsada Pasmanik-Chor, Benny Chor
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The availability of many complete, annotated proteomes enables the systematic study of the relationships between protein conservation and functionality. We explore this question based solely on the presence or absence of protein homologues (a.k.a. conservation profiles). We study 18 metazoans, from two distinct points of view: the human's and the fly's. Using the GOrilla gene ontology (GO) analysis tool, we explore functional enrichment of the "universal proteins", those with homologues in all 17 other species, and of the "non-universal proteins". A large number of GO terms are strongly enriched in both human and fly universal proteins. Most of these functions are known to be essential. A smaller number of GO terms, exhibiting markedly different properties, are enriched in both human and fly non-universal proteins. We further explore the non-universal proteins, whose conservation profiles are consistent with the "tree of life" (TOL consistent), as well as the TOL inconsistent proteins. Finally, we applied Quantum Clustering to the conservation profiles of the TOL consistent proteins. Each cluster is strongly associated with one or a small number of specific monophyletic clades in the tree of life. The proteins in many of these clusters exhibit strong functional enrichment associated with the "life style" of the related clades. Most previous approaches for studying function and conservation are "bottom up", studying protein families one by one, and separately assessing the conservation of each. By way of contrast, our approach is "top down". We globally partition the set of all proteins hierarchically, as described above, and then identify protein families enriched within different subdivisions. While supporting previous findings, our approach also provides a tool for discovering novel relations between protein conservation profiles, functionality, and evolutionary history as represented by the tree of life.
    PLoS ONE 03/2014; 9(3):e90282. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0090282 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Summary: The HeatMapViewer is a BioJS component that lays-out and renders two-dimensional (2D) plots or heat maps that are ideally suited to visualize matrix formatted data in biology such as for the display of microarray experiments or the outcome of mutational studies and the study of SNP-like sequence variants. It can be easily integrated into documents and provides a powerful, interactive way to visualize heat maps in web applications. The software uses a scalable graphics technology that adapts the visualization component to any required resolution, a useful feature for a presentation with many different data-points. The component can be applied to present various biological data types. Here, we present two such cases – showing gene expression data and visualizing mutability landscape analysis. Availability: https://github.com/biojs/biojs; http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7706.
    02/2014; 3:48. DOI:10.12688/f1000research.3-48.v1
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: High blood and tissue concentrations of glucose and advanced glycation end-products are believed to play an important role in the development of vascular complications in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic kidney disease. microRNAs (miRNA) are non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression in a sequence specific manner. miRNA are involved in various biological processes and become novel biomarkers, modulators and therapeutic targets for diseases such as cancer, atherosclerosis, and DM. Calcitriol (the active form of vitamin D) may inhibit endothelial proliferation, blunt angiogenesis, and be a cardioprotective agent. Calcitriol deficiency is a risk factor for DM and hypertension. The aim of this project was to study the miRNA microarray expression changes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) treated in a diabetic-like environment with the addition of calcitriol. HUVEC were treated for 24 h with 200 mug/ml human serum albumin (HSA) and 100 mg/dl glucose (control group) or 200 mug/ml AGE-HSA, and 250 mg/dl glucose (diabetic-like environment), and physiological concentrations (10-10 mol/l) of calcitriol. miRNA microarray analysis and real time PCR to validate the miRNA expression profile and mRNA target gene expression were carried out. Compared to control, 31 mature human miRNA were differentially expressed in the presence of a diabetic-like environment. Addition of physiological concentrations of calcitriol revealed 39 differentially expressed mature human miRNA. MiR-181c, miR-15a, miR-20b, miR-411, miR-659, miR-126 and miR-510 were selected for further analysis because they are known to be modified in DM and in other biological disorders. The predicted targets of these miRNA (such as KLF6, KLF9, KLF10, TXNIP and IL8) correspond to molecular and biological processes such as immune and defense responses, signal transduction and regulation of RNA. This study identified novel miRNA in the field of diabetic vasculopathy and might provide new information about the effect of vitamin D on gene regulation induced by a diabetic-like environment. New gene targets that are part of the molecular mechanism and the therapeutic treatment in diabetic vasculopathy are highlighted.
    Cardiovascular Diabetology 01/2014; 13(1):8. DOI:10.1186/1475-2840-13-8 · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: TOR proteins reside in two distinct complexes, TOR complex 1 and 2 (TORC1 and TORC2) that are central for the regulation of cellular growth, proliferation and survival. TOR is also the target for the immunosuppressive and anti-cancer drug rapamycin. In Schizosaccharaomyces pombe, disruption of the TSC complex, mutations in which can lead to the Tuberous Sclerosis syndrome in humans, results in a rapamycin sensitive phenotype under poor nitrogen conditions. We show here that the sensitivity to rapamycin is mediated via inhibition of TORC1 and suppressed by overexpression of isp7(+), a member of the family of 2-oxoglutarate-Fe(II) dependent oxygenases. The transcript level of isp7(+) is negatively regulated by TORC1 but positively regulated by TORC2. Yet, we find extensive similarity between the transcriptome of cells disrupted for isp7(+) and cells mutated in the catalytic subunit of TORC1. Moreover, Isp7 regulates amino acid permease expression similarly to TORC1 and in contrast to TORC2. Overexpression of isp7(+) induces TORC1-dependent phosphorylation of ribosomal protein Rps6, while inhibiting TORC2-dependent phosphorylation and activation of the AGC-like kinase Gad8. Taken together, our findings suggest a central role for Isp7 in amino acid homeostasis and the presence of isp7(+)-dependent regulatory loops that affect both TORC1 and TORC2.
    Molecular and Cellular Biology 12/2013; 34(5). DOI:10.1128/MCB.01473-13 · 5.04 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

777 Citations
363.13 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1996–2015
    • Tel Aviv University
      • • Faculty of Life Sciences
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Department of Human Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry
      • • Department of Cell Research and Immunology
      Tell Afif, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 2012
    • Université René Descartes - Paris 5
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1999
    • Hebrew University of Jerusalem
      Yerushalayim, Jerusalem, Israel