Yangsik Jeong

Yonsei University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (9)76.09 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Oxysterol binding protein related protein 1S (ORP1S) is a member of a family of sterol transport proteins. Here we present evidence that ORP1S translocates from the cytoplasm to the nucleus in response to sterol binding. The sterols that best promote nuclear import of ORP1S also activate the liver X receptor (LXR) transcription factors and we show that ORP1S binds to LXRs, promotes binding of LXRs to LXR response elements (LXREs) and specifically enhances LXR-dependent transcription via the ME.1 and ME.2 enhancer elements of the apoE gene. We propose that ORP1S is a cytoplasmic sterol sensor, which transports sterols to the nucleus and promotes LXR-dependent gene transcription through select enhancer elements.
    Experimental Cell Research 06/2012; 318(16):2128-42. · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death. Despite a number of studies that have provided prognostic biomarkers for lung cancer, a paucity of reliable markers and therapeutic targets exist to diagnose and treat this aggressive disease. In this study we investigated the potential of nuclear receptors (NRs), many of which are well-established drug targets, as therapeutic markers in lung cancer. Using quantitative real-time PCR, we analyzed the expression of the 48 members of the NR superfamily in a human panel of 55 normal and lung cancer cell lines. Unsupervised cluster analysis of the NR expression profile segregated normal from tumor cell lines and grouped lung cancers according to type (i.e. small vs. non-small cell lung cancers). Moreover, we found that the NR signature was 79% accurate in diagnosing lung cancer incidence in smokers (n = 129). Finally, the evaluation of a subset of NRs (androgen receptor, estrogen receptor, vitamin D receptor, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ) demonstrated the therapeutic potential of using NR expression to predict ligand-dependent growth responses in individual lung cancer cells. Preclinical evaluation of one of these receptors (peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ) in mouse xenografts confirmed that ligand-dependent inhibitory growth responses in lung cancer can be predicted based on a tumor's receptor expression status. Taken together, this study establishes NRs as theragnostic markers for predicting lung cancer incidence and further strengthens their potential as therapeutic targets for individualized treatment.
    Molecular Endocrinology 06/2012; 26(8):1443-54. · 4.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The liver X receptor α (LXRα) is a nuclear receptor that is involved in regulation of lipid metabolism, cellular proliferation and apoptosis, and immunity. In this report, we characterize three human LXRα isoforms with variation in the ligand-binding domain (LBD). While examining the expression of LXRα3, which lacks 60 amino acids within the LBD, we identified two novel transcripts that encode LXRα-LBD variants (LXRα4 and LXRα5). LXRα4 has an insertion of 64 amino acids in helix 4/5, and LXRα5 lacks the C-terminal helices 7 to 12 due to a termination codon in an additional exon that encodes an intron in the LXRα1 mRNA. LXRα3, LXRα4, and LXRα5 were expressed at lower levels compared with LXRα1 in many human tissues and cell lines. We also observed weak expression of LXRα3 and LXRα4 in several tissues of mice. LXR ligand treatment induced differential regulation of LXRα isoform mRNA expression in a cell type-dependent manner. Whereas LXRα3 had no effect, LXRα4 has weak transactivation, retinoid X receptor (RXR) heterodimerization, and coactivator recruitment activities. LXRα5 interacted with a corepressor in a ligand-independent manner and inhibited LXRα1 transactivation and target gene expression when overexpressed. Combination of LXRα5 cotransfection and LXRα antagonist treatment produced additive effects on the inhibition of ligand-dependent LXRα1 activation. We constructed structural models of the LXRα4-LBD and its complexes with ligand, RXR-LBD, and coactivator peptide. The models showed that the insertion in the LBD can be predicted to disrupt RXR heterodimerization. Regulation of LXRα pre-mRNA splicing may be involved in the pathogenesis of LXRα-related diseases.
    Molecular pharmacology 03/2012; 81(6):800-10. · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The identification of prognostic tumor biomarkers that also would have potential as therapeutic targets, particularly in patients with early stage disease, has been a long sought-after goal in the management and treatment of lung cancer. The nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily, which is composed of 48 transcription factors that govern complex physiologic and pathophysiologic processes, could represent a unique subset of these biomarkers. In fact, many members of this family are the targets of already identified selective receptor modulators, providing a direct link between individual tumor NR quantitation and selection of therapy. The goal of this study, which begins this overall strategy, was to investigate the association between mRNA expression of the NR superfamily and the clinical outcome for patients with lung cancer, and to test whether a tumor NR gene signature provided useful information (over available clinical data) for patients with lung cancer. Using quantitative real-time PCR to study NR expression in 30 microdissected non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) and their pair-matched normal lung epithelium, we found great variability in NR expression among patients' tumor and non-involved lung epithelium, found a strong association between NR expression and clinical outcome, and identified an NR gene signature from both normal and tumor tissues that predicted patient survival time and disease recurrence. The NR signature derived from the initial 30 NSCLC samples was validated in two independent microarray datasets derived from 442 and 117 resected lung adenocarcinomas. The NR gene signature was also validated in 130 squamous cell carcinomas. The prognostic signature in tumors could be distilled to expression of two NRs, short heterodimer partner and progesterone receptor, as single gene predictors of NSCLC patient survival time, including for patients with stage I disease. Of equal interest, the studies of microdissected histologically normal epithelium and matched tumors identified expression in normal (but not tumor) epithelium of NGFIB3 and mineralocorticoid receptor as single gene predictors of good prognosis. NR expression is strongly associated with clinical outcomes for patients with lung cancer, and this expression profile provides a unique prognostic signature for lung cancer patient survival time, particularly for those with early stage disease. This study highlights the potential use of NRs as a rational set of therapeutically tractable genes as theragnostic biomarkers, and specifically identifies short heterodimer partner and progesterone receptor in tumors, and NGFIB3 and MR in non-neoplastic lung epithelium, for future detailed translational study in lung cancer. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary.
    PLoS Medicine 01/2010; 7(12):e1000378. · 15.25 Impact Factor
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    Yangsik Jeong, David J Mangelsdorf
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    ABSTRACT: Stem cells include a diverse number of toti-, pluri-, and multi-potent cells that play important roles in cellular genesis and differentiation, tissue development, and organogenesis. Genetic regulation involving various transcription factors results in the self-renewal and differentiation properties of stem cells. The nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily is composed of 48 ligand-activated transcription factors involved in diverse physiological functions such as metabolism, development, and reproduction. Increasing evidence shows that certain NRs function in regulating stemness or differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells and tissue-specific adult stem cells. Here, we review the role of the NR superfamily in various aspects of stem cell biology, including their regulation of stemness, forward- and trans-differentiation events; reprogramming of terminally differentiated cells; and interspecies differences. These studies provide insights into the therapeutic potential of the NR superfamily in stem cell therapy and in treating stem cell-associated diseases (e.g., cancer stem cell).
    Experimental and Molecular Medicine 09/2009; 41(8):525-37. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nuclear receptors (NRs) regulate gene expression in essential biological processes including differentiation and development. Here we report the systematic profiling of NRs in human and mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC) lines and during their early differentiation into embryoid bodies. Expression of the 48 human and mouse NRs was assessed by quantitative real-time PCR. In general, expression of NRs between the two human cell lines was highly concordant, whereas in contrast, expression of NRs between human and mouse ESCs differed significantly. In particular, a number of NRs that have been implicated previously as crucial regulators of mouse ESC biology, including ERRbeta, DAX-1, and LRH-1, exhibited diametric patterns of expression, suggesting they may have distinct species-specific functions. Taken together, these results highlight the complexity of the transcriptional hierarchy that exists between species and governs early development. These data should provide a unique resource for further exploration of the species-specific roles of NRs in ESC self-renewal and differentiation.
    Molecular Endocrinology 03/2009; 23(5):724-33. · 4.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The nuclear receptors liver X receptor (LXR) alpha and LXRbeta serve as oxysterol receptors and play an important role in the regulation of lipid metabolism. We investigated the potential effects of LXRs on pathways of colon carcinogenesis and found that LXR activation suppresses the transactivation activity of beta-catenin, a key molecule in Wnt signaling. LXRalpha and LXRbeta inhibited beta-catenin transactivation of T cell factor-mediated transcription in a ligand-dependent manner. LXR activation suppressed an oncogenic beta-catenin, which has phosphorylation site mutations, and did not change beta-catenin protein expression in cells. In contrast, beta-catenin enhanced LXR transactivation activity. Nuclear LXRs and beta-catenin were coimmunoprecipitated in colon cancer HCT116 cells, and in vitro experiments showed that LXRs bind directly to the Armadillo repeat region of beta-catenin in a ligand-independent manner. LXR ligand decreased mRNA expression of beta-catenin targets, MYC, MMP7 and BMP4, and recruited LXRs to MYC and MMP7 promoters. Transfection of a dominant negative LXR to HCT116 cells and experiments using LXR-null cells showed the involvement of cellular LXRs in beta-catenin suppression and proliferation inhibition. The results show lipid-sensing receptor LXRs regulate the beta-catenin activity and cellular proliferation.
    Biochemical pharmacology 11/2008; 77(2):186-95. · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An abstract is unavailable. This article is available as HTML full text and PDF.
    Journal of Thoracic Oncology 07/2007; 2(8):S178-S179. · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In multicellular organisms, the ability to regulate reproduction, development, and nutrient utilization coincided with the evolution of nuclear receptors (NRs), transcription factors that utilize lipophilic ligands to mediate their function. Studying the expression profile of NRs offers a simple, powerful way to obtain highly relational information about their physiologic functions as individual proteins and as a superfamily. We surveyed the expression of all 49 mouse NR mRNAs in 39 tissues, representing diverse anatomical systems. The resulting data set uncovers several NR clades whose patterns of expression indicate their ability to coordinate the transcriptional programs necessary to affect distinct physiologic pathways. Remarkably, this regulatory network divides along the following two physiologic paradigms: (1) reproduction, development, and growth and (2) nutrient uptake, metabolism, and excretion. These data reveal a hierarchical transcriptional circuitry that extends beyond individual tissues to form a meganetwork governing physiology on an organismal scale.
    Cell 09/2006; 126(4):789-99. · 31.96 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

487 Citations
76.09 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Yonsei University
      • Department of Biochemistry
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2006–2010
    • University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
      • Department of Pharmacology
      Dallas, Texas, United States
  • 2009
    • Howard Hughes Medical Institute
      Maryland, United States
    • Concordia University–Ann Arbor
      Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States