Chun-xiao Xu

Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peping, Beijing, China

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Publications (9)0.9 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The cochlear hydrops analysis masking procedure (CHAMP) is a new diagnostic technique for Meniere's disease (MD). But its value has not been well proven. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of CHAMP for MD. CHAMP test was taken in three populations using the Auditory Evoked Potential system delivered by Bio-logic Systems Corporation: (1) otologically normal subjects; (2) patients clinically diagnosed with definite MD; (3) patients clinically diagnosed with probable and possible MD. According to the comparison between the normal and definite MD group, if the abnormal criterion of CHAMP was defined as latency delay less than 0.3 ms, then the corresponding sensitivity was only 52%. However, if the abnormal criterion was defined as latency delay between 0.6 and 3.8 ms, then a sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 100% can be achieved. The complex amplitude ratio showed a significant overlap between normal and definite MD group. If the abnormal criterion was defined as a complex amplitude ratio less than 0.95, the corresponding specificity was only 50%. However, if the abnormal criterion was defined as less than 0.80, the corresponding sensitivity was 60%, and the specificity was 97%. If the abnormal criterion of CHAMP was defined as latency delay less than 0.6 ms or the complex amplitude ratio less than 0.80, CHAMP result can be obtained in all subjects with good sensitivity and specificity. CHAMP can differentiate patients with Meniere's disease from otologically normal subjects with high sensitivity and specificity. The recommended criterion of abnormal CHAMP was a latency delay less than 0.6 ms or a complex amplitude ratio less than 0.80.
    Chinese medical journal 12/2012; 125(24):4449-53. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the assessment methods of dysphagia. The data of 37 patients with dysphagia were retrospectively analyzed. These patients took the Kubota drinking test, Tengdao's evaluation, videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) and fibroptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES). Fourteen out of thirty-seventh patients showed abnormal results during Kubota drinking test. Tengdao's evaluation results showed that 29/37 patients were abnormal. There 27/37 and 33/37 patients showed abnormalities in positive-aspiration score and swallow dysfunction score of VFSS. The number of abnormal patients in aspiration score of FEES was 19/21. The Kappa values were 0.137, 0.416 between Kubota drinking test. Tengdao's evaluation and VFSS. The FEES was measured against the VFSS for sensibility, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value, the values were 88.9%, 66.7%, 94.1% and 50.0%. Kubota drinking test and Tengdao's evaluation can be applied for screening purpose and evaluating result after treatment; VFSS and FEES can be used as more accurate assessments, they can study the dysphagia's character, position and severity. The combination of a variety of dysphagia evaluation methods is the most important basis for diagnosis and treatment of deglutition disorders.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 11/2012; 47(11):889-93.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the characteristic of the cochlear hydrops analysis masking procedure (CHAMP) in normal adults, and to evaluate the diagnostic values of its parameters for membranous labyrinth hydrops. Twenty otologically normal adults were recruited (male:female = 10:10), and their auditory brainstem responses (ABR) were obtained to six stimulus conditions using Bio-logic auditory evoked potential system: clicks presented alone (unmasked condition) and clicks presented with ipsilateral pink noise high-pass filtered at 8, 4, 2, 1, and 0.5 kHz respectively. The wave V latency of ABR to the high-pass masking pink noise clicks were longer than ABR to clicks alone. The latency delays of wave V for clicks presented with ipsilateral pink noise high-pass filtered at 8, 4, 2, 1, and 0.5 kHz compared to clicks alone were (0.30 ± 0.18), (0.97 ± 0.43), (1.65 ± 0.64), (3.21 ± 0.56), (4.66 ± 0.37) ms respectively. The complex amplitude ratio between ABR to click + 0.5 kHz high-pass noise and click alone was 0.95 ± 0.11. CHAMP is a promising diagnostic method for membranous labyrinth hydrops, and the latency delay of wave V might be used as the normal criterion. The specificity of the complex amplitude ratio need further evaluation in clinical work.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 06/2011; 46(6):480-4.
  • Dao-feng Ni, Chun-xiao Xu, Ying-ying Shang
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 03/2011; 46(3):183-5.
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    ABSTRACT: To discuss the diagnosis of middle ear abnormality in infants and young children. To analyze retrospectively the data of audiology (including ABR, tympanometry) and CT scanning in 31 infants and young children who presented middle ear abnormality. Wave I latencies of ABR were delayed in 38 of 62 ears and not delayed in 15 ears, but CT scanning showed high density in 6 ears of these 15 ears. Wave I could not be elicited in 9 ears. Tympanometries were tested in 16 cases and were abnormal in 17 ears. CT scanning was carried out in 15 cases who's ABR and tympanometries showed abnormal. High signal intensity was present in mastoids and middle ear cavities in both ears of 12 cases and unilateral ear of 3 cases. Wave I latency of ABR was delayed and High signal intensity was present in mastoids and middle ear cavities in CT scanning of 13 ears. Wave I latency of ABR was normal, but high signal intensity was present in mastoids and middle ear cavities in CT scanning of 4 ears, there was no any ear which Wave I latency was delayed but CT scanning was normal. And disaccord among ABR, Tympanometry and CT scanning were showed. A typical case was reported. The most abnormality of the middle ear could be found used the tympanometry and I latency of ABR in infant and young children, but still there were some abnormality of the middle ear could not be showed. Some quandaries were existed and more sensitivity tests were needed in the diagnosis of abnormality in middle ears of infant and young children.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 01/2009; 43(12):896-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the clinical features and treatment protocols of otogenic intracranial complications in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Retrospective study of 14 patients (10 males and 4 females, aged between 12 - 62 years, mean age 32.1 years) hospitalized from 1982 - 2006. Twelve cases were otitis media (OM) with cholesteatoma, the other 2 cases were non-cholesteatomatous OM. All the otogenic intracranial complications located at the same sides as otologic disorders. Brain abscess was the most common type of otogenic complications and Proteus was the most common microorganism detected. Suppurative ear discharge, headache, high fever and nausea with vomiting were the most common clinical manifestations with very high incidences. All the patients received combined protocols of mastoid surgeries and antibiotics treatment. All the 14 patients recovered clinically. For patients discharged before 1987, there were 4 patients followed up for 22.5 - 24.4 years with a mean time of 23.8 without recurrence, 1 patient died of cardiovascular disease 19.2 years later after discharge, 4 patients lost follow-up. For the 5 patients discharged after 1997, brain abscess recurred in one patient with pseudo-recovery after 24 days and he fully recovered after re-hospitalization and treatment. All the five patients were followed up for 1.5 years to 10.6 years with a mean time of 6.5 years without recurrence. Youngsters and males seemed to be more vulnerable. Brain abscess was the most common intracranial complication and Proteus was the most common pyogenic microorganism. Combination of mastoid surgery and antibiotics were essential for effectively controlling the intracranial complications and improving the recovery. CT and MRI were essential for correct diagnosis bedtimes and MRI seemed to have a better performance.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 12/2008; 43(11):801-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Severe nasopharyngeal stenosis (NPS) is a rare complication of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) and very difficult to manage. This report presents our successful treatment experience. From Nov 1997 to Feb 2006, 6 adults patients with NPS secondary to UPPP were treated in Peking Union Hospital. Two cases was grade II stenosis, received surgery of local pharyngeal and soft palate mucosa flap rotation to enlarge nasopharyngeal airway with stenosis; For the remaining 4 cases with more severe NPS (grade III) who had received 1-3 times unsuccessful repair procedures previously, prolonged nasopharyngeal hollow obturators were used for 6 months after stenosis repair surgery. With 9-48 months follow-up, All cases results were satisfactory. Nasal obstruction symptom was eliminated, NPS corrected, no velopharyngeal insufficiency complication happened. Daytime removable nasopharyngeal hollow stent obturators with palate support device is more comfortable for patients. Local flap rotation to enlarge stenosis airway and prolonged use nasopharyngeal hollow obturators are reliable methods of correction NPS following UPPP.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 03/2007; 42(2):100-3.
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    ABSTRACT: To review the characteristics of Madelung's disease which is rare and unfamiliar to clinicians and to find the method of diagnosis and treatment. Detailed clinical data of 7 patients with Madelung's disease were reviewed and analyzed. And related literatures were discussed together. All of 7 patients have excessive subcutaneous fat deposit predominantly around neck. One patients had the complication of central and peripheral neuropathy, One patients had the complication of glucose intolerance, One patients had the complication of chronic hepatopathy and hyperuricaemia. These 3 patients were associated with sleep apnea syndrome simultaneously. Another one patient was accompanied by autonomic nervous system disease only. Total neck lipectomy and abstinence from alcohol were performed on 5 patients. No recurrence was seen during a follow-up of 6 months to 5 years. One patient received partial lipectomy twice and relapsed again. All pathological results were nonencapsulated fat. One patient refused treatment. Six men patients were alcohol abusers. Madelung's disease is characterized by massive accumulation of nonencapsulated subcutaneous fat mainly located symmetrically in the neck. Chronic alcoholism may be a major risk factor. It may be associated with some internal diseases. Total neck lipectomy to improve figuration and relieve pressure and abstinence from alcohol may be the main effective therapy.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery 08/2006; 41(7):524-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To report on a series of patients with glomus tympanicum or glomus jugulare tumors, and to focus on its diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes. Ten patients with glomus tympanicum or glomus jugulare tumors at Peking Union College Hospital during a 17-year period were reviewed retrospectively. There were 7 patients with glomus tympanicum, 3 with glomus jugulare tumors, 1 patient with familial paraganglioma and 1 with functioning glomus jugulare tumors. The most common presenting symptoms were pulsatile tinnitus and hearing loss. Other symptoms included facial nerve paralysis, vertigo, otalgia, dysphagia, hoarseness, throat sore, episodic hypertension with headaches and tachycardia. The most common physical sign was a vascular middle ear mass. The other physical signs included Brown sign, upper neck mass, pharyngeal plump, Collet-Sicard syndrome, Homer's syndrome as well as deficit of cranial nerve V. The radiographic evaluation included computed tomograph (9 cases), angiography (4 cases) and magnetic resonance imaging (1 case). Eight patients initially refered to ENT department, and 2 patients initially consulted neurology or endocrinology specialists. The treatment included preoperative embolization in 2 cases, simple surgery in 4 cases and surgery followed by radiation therapy in 6 cases. No significant complications occurred. Nine of the 10 patients were followed up, but 1 was lost. The mean follow-up time was 12 years (ranged, 2-19 years). No tumor recurrence occured in the 6 cases with total tumor removal. Three cases with subtotal tumor resection had no tumor progression. The diagnosis and treatment of glomus tympanicum and glomus jugulare tumors is particularly challenging. Typical clinical manifestations and radiographic evaluation should be considered together to establish the diagnosis. The primary treatment for glomus tympanicum is surgery, if necessary, followed by radiotherapy. Subtotal tumor resection followed by radiation yields satisfying outcome for glomus jugulare tumors.
    Zhonghua er bi yan hou ke za zhi 10/2004; 39(9):543-5.