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ABSTRACT: The antioxidant activity of the phenolic fraction of extra virgin olive oil was assessed in samples that had a decreasing content of antioxidants in the presence and absence of copper ions as a catalyst of autoxidation. The oxidation process was evaluated by measuring primary and secondary oxidation products. Changes in phenols and tocopherols were investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography. Both the total phenol content and their antioxidant activity were monitored by spectrophotometric assays (with Folin-Ciocalteu and ABTS*+ reagents). The important role of phenolic compounds (particularly the o-diphenols) in protection from autoxidation was confirmed. However, the tocopherols were more quickly consumed in oils that had the lowest content of o-diphenols, which also showed evidence of an ability to chelate copper. In particular, a dramatic decrease was observed in the isomeric form of decarboxymethyl-oleuropein aglycone after addition of the metal, despite its significant increase in samples stored in the absence of copper.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 07/2006; 54(13):4880-7. · 2.91 Impact Factor