[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hyperhomocysteinemia has been established as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The objective was to investigate total plasma homocysteine concentrations in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and a control group.
Twenty-seven children with type 1 diabetes and 27 subjects of an age- and sex-matched control group were recruited. Fasting samples were collected for plasma total homocysteine, serum vitamin B12, folate, and creatinine.
Fasting total homocysteine concentrations showed no difference between patients and controls (5.6 +/- 2.9 micromol/L vs 5.7 +/- 2.2 micromol/L; p greater than 0.05). The diabetic patients had significantly higher serum folate than the healthy controls (11.4 +/- 3.3 ng/mL vs 9.4 +/- 4.1 ng/mL; P = 0.02 and higher serum B12 than the control group (282.8 +/- 119 pg/mL vs 228.5 +/- 50.9 pg/mL; P = 0.03). Total plasma homocysteine concentration correlated with age (r = 0.44, P = 0.02), weight (r = 0.56, P = 0.002), body mass index (r = 0.57, P = 0.002), folate (r = -0.48, P = 0.01), and creatinine (r = 0.41, P = 0.03) in diabetic patients. In stepwise multivariate regression model for diabetics, the independent correlates for total plasma homocysteine concentration was folate (P = 0.002).
We concluded that fasting plasma total homocysteine concentrations were within normal limits in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes who were without any clinical evidence of microvascular and macrovascular complications.
Indian pediatrics 06/2006; 43(5):401-7. · 1.04 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It can be concluded that these changes are related to damage at the DNA level or to the inhibitory effects of tumor promoters. Increases in GSH-Px activities may be related to the independence of this enzyme from the suppressive effects of tumor promoters. This study and others in the literature show that it is not possible to generalize the activities of SOD and GSH-Px in cancer.
There has been growing interest in the role of free radicals as a cause of cancer. It has been suggested that an increase in activated forms of oxygen in cells due to overproduction and/or the inability to destroy them may lead to severe damage of cell structures. As a result of these changes, some chromosomal aberrations and carcinogenesis may develop. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) are two important antioxidant enzymes involved in enzymatic antioxidant defense mechanisms. To our knowledge there have been no previous studies in the literature investigating the activities of SOD and GSH-Px in laryngeal cancer.
The study subjects comprised 10 male patients (age range 43-76 years) with laryngeal carcinoma and 10 healthy controls (4 males, 6 females; age range 40-69 years) with intraoral hyperplastic fibrous tissue. Homogenate SOD and GSH-Px activities were measured using commercially available kits.
GSH-Px levels were significantly increased in the cancerous tissues compared with cancer-free adjacent tissues and fibrous hyperplasia tissues (p < 0.05), whereas there was no significant difference between SOD activities (p > 0.05). There was also no significant difference between GSH-Px activity in cancer-free adjacent tissues and fibrous hyperplasia tissues (p > 0.05).